Women reading STEM subjects at A Level & University

April Ryan made this Freedom of Information request to Department for Education

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Dear Department for Education,

In response to the government's desire to encourage more women into STEM subjects, particularly computing, programming and technology...

Between September 2017 - June 2018

1 - Can you please tell me how many women took on STEM subjects at A Level on a national level?
2 - Can you reveal how many women took on each number per subject, and how many women studied a STEM subject in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland respectively?
3 - What percentage of these women achieved grades A* - C at A Level in their chosen STEM subjects?
4 - Following that, can you please tell me how many of these women then went on to study STEM subjects at further education institutions, such as university?
5- Can you then tell me the numbers of women taking on each STEM subject at university level?
6 - What percentage of women in STEM subjects received a grade 2:1 or above at university level?
7 - Finally, can you reveal or calculate the percentage of those women achieving 2:1 or above at university level have entered UK STEM industries?

Yours faithfully,

April

MINISTERS, Department for Education

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ACCOUNT, Unmonitored, Department for Education

Dear April,

 

STEM subjects at A Level & University

 

Thank you for your email received on 21^st February 2019, reference
number: 2019-0007762. Your request was as follows:

“In response to the government's desire to encourage more women into STEM
subjects, particularly computing, programming and technology...

Between September 2017 - June 2018

1 - Can you please tell me how many women took on STEM subjects at A Level
on a national level?

2 - Can you reveal how many women took on each number per subject, and how
many women studied a STEM subject in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and
Scotland respectively?

3 - What percentage of these women achieved grades A* - C at A Level in
their chosen STEM subjects?

4 - Following that, can you please tell me how many of these women then
went on to study STEM subjects at further education institutions, such as
university?

5- Can you then tell me the numbers of women taking on each STEM subject
at university level?

6 - What percentage of women in STEM subjects received a grade 2:1 or
above at university level?

7 - Finally, can you reveal or calculate the percentage of those women
achieving 2:1 or above at university level have entered UK STEM
industries?

Yours faithfully, April.”

 

I have dealt with your request under the Freedom of Information Act 2000
(“the Act”).

 

The Department for Education produces attainment statistics on England
only. The responsibility for education statistics in Northern Ireland,
Scotland and Wales lies with each devolved administration. Details of how
to access Welsh, Irish and Scottish data are available on the following
websites:

 

Wales:   [1]http://wales.gov.uk/topics/statistics/?l...

Northern Ireland:  
[2]http://www.deni.gov.uk/index/facts-and-f...

Scotland:   [3]http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statis...

 

Under section 21 of the Act, the Department is not required to provide
information in response to a request if it is already reasonably
accessible to you.

 

The information that you require for parts 1 2 and 3 of your query is
published for 2017/18 in the Department’s statistical first release (SFR)
for key stage 5 found at:
[4]https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics....
The data is in a CSV file called ‘[5]16 to 18 exam and student measures
csv : A level and other 16 to 18 results: 2017 to 2018 (revised)’, you
then require the ‘REVISED_2018_A_level_students_by_subject.csv’ file. (To
note: covers the number of students who were at the end of the 16-18 study
in 2017/18 academic year)

 

You may find information from the Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ)
useful, which publishes statistics for the UK based on examinations
completed from 2001 to the most recent exam season for all ages. This
information includes other foreign languages and is available at the link
below: 

[6]http://www.jcq.org.uk/examination-result...

 

Can you then tell me the numbers of women taking on each STEM subject
at university level?

 

Female enrolments onto all science subject areas at UK HEIs
Academic year 2017/18
Subject area Females
Medicine & dentistry 38,340
Subjects allied to medicine 227,725
Biological sciences 149,890
Veterinary science 6,110
Agriculture & related subjects 11,955
Physical sciences 40,645
Mathematical sciences 16,460
Computer science 18,880
Engineering & technology 30,050
Architecture, building & planning 20,475
Total 560,530    
Source: Higher Education Statistics Agency
Student Record
 
Notes:
Figures have been rounded to the nearest five; therefore the sum of
components may not add up to the total
The science subjects listed above are outlined by JACS (the Joint Academic
Coding System), a way of classifying academic subjects and modules.

The counts are based on Full Person Equivalent (FPE). If a student on a
course (an 'instance') studies more than one subject we apportion that
instance between those subjects.

 

What percentage of women in STEM subjects received a grade 2:1 or above at
university level?

 

Female qualifiers achieving a 2:1 or above in science subject areas at UK
HEIs

Academic year 2017/18

 

 

 

 

+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|Subject area | Number achieving 2:1 |% achieving 2:1|
| | or above | or above |
|---------------------------------+----------------------+---------------|
|Medicine & dentistry | * | * |
|---------------------------------+----------------------+---------------|
|Subjects allied to medicine | 26,005 | 38% |
|---------------------------------+----------------------+---------------|
|Biological sciences | 22,525 | 50% |
|---------------------------------+----------------------+---------------|
|Veterinary science | 155 | 14% |
|---------------------------------+----------------------+---------------|
|Agriculture & related subjects | 1,365 | 35% |
|---------------------------------+----------------------+---------------|
|Physical sciences | 6,255 | 50% |
|---------------------------------+----------------------+---------------|
|Mathematical sciences | 2,630 | 52% |
|---------------------------------+----------------------+---------------|
|Computer science | 2,120 | 37% |
|---------------------------------+----------------------+---------------|
|Engineering & technology | 3,450 | 34% |
|---------------------------------+----------------------+---------------|
|Architecture, building & planning| 2,145 | 27% |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Source: Higher Education Statistics Agency Student Record
 
Notes:

* 875 Females (8%) of all medicine & dentistry qualifiers achieved a
2:1 or above in 2017/18. This is due to the nature of the
qualification, in which most qualifiers receive an unclassified degree.
(Medical degrees, which are not honours programmes are awarded after
following a ‘non-honours course/degree that was not available to be
classified' are derived to Unclassified in this field.)
Figures have been rounded to the nearest five; therefore the sum of
components may not add up to the total
The science subjects listed above are outlined by JACS (the Joint Academic
Coding System), a way of classifying academic subjects and modules.

The counts are based on Full Person Equivalent (FPE). If a student on a
course (an 'instance') studies more than one subject we apportion that
instance between those subjects.

 

 

Finally, can you reveal or calculate the percentage of those women
achieving 2:1 or above at university level have entered UK STEM
industries?

 

UK STEM industries is not something that the Department for Education
defines. The National Audit Office (NAO) define this industry in the
report:
[7]https://www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/upload...

We recommend pursuing this request with the Higher Education Statistics
Agency (HESA) who are able to offer a bespoke service that provides
information and analysis to your exact requirements.

 

Most documents produced by a government department or agency will be
protected by Crown Copyright. Most Crown copyright information can be
re-used under the Open Government Licence
([8]http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/o...). For
information about the OGL and about re-using Crown Copyright information
please see The National Archives website
-http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/infor...
.

 

Copyright in other documents may rest with a third party. For information
about obtaining permission from a third party see the Intellectual
Property Office’s website at [9]www.ipo.gov.uk.

 

If you have any queries about this letter, please contact me. Please
remember to quote the reference number above in any future communications.

 

If you are unhappy with the way your request has been handled, you should
make a complaint to the Department by writing to me within two calendar
months of the date of this letter. Your complaint will be considered by an
independent review panel, who were not involved in the original
consideration of your request. 

 

If you are not content with the outcome of your complaint to the
Department, you may then contact the Information Commissioner’s Office

 

 

Yours Sincerely,

 

 

 

Gideon Ovadia | Executive Officer,

Qualifications and Attainment Data (QuAD) team

School Performance Data Unit | Education Data Division | Data Directorate
| Operations Group

Department for Education | 1st Floor, Sanctuary Buildings, London SW1P 3BT

* [email address] | 0207 340 8002 | [10]www.gov.uk/dfe

 

References

Visible links
1. http://wales.gov.uk/topics/statistics/?l...
2. http://www.deni.gov.uk/index/facts-and-f...
3. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statis...
4. https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics...
5. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk...
6. http://www.jcq.org.uk/examination-result...
7. https://www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/upload...
8. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/o...
9. http://www.ipo.gov.uk/
10. http://www.gov.uk/dfe

Dear ACCOUNT, Unmonitored,

Thank you for your response - most helpful!

Yours sincerely,

April Ryan

ACCOUNT, Unmonitored, Department for Education

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