Wi-Fi - What are the known safe levels of exposure for children?

Amy Harron made this Freedom of Information request to Newry, Mourne and Down District Council

This request has been closed to new correspondence from the public body. Contact us if you think it ought be re-opened.

The request was successful.

Liam Hannaway 30 August 2018
Doing business as Chief Executive
Newry, Mourne and Down District Council
Newry Office - Monaghan Row
Newry

NOTICE TO THE PRINCIPAL IS NOTICE TO THE AGENT; NOTICE TO THE AGENT IS NOTICE TO THE PRINCIPAL

Wi-Fi - What are the known safe levels of exposure for children?

Liam Hannaway

NOTICE OF FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT 2000 REQUEST 

The World Health Organisation’s (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified wireless radiation (RF/EMF) as a Group 2B ‘Possible Human Carcinogen’ from 2011 onwards, based on scientific evidence that linked wireless exposure with increased risks of brain or head tumours, damage to DNA and other types of genotoxicity, increased oxidative stress and evidence from animal studies.

The World Health Organisation’s (WHO) IARC 2B ‘Possibly Carcinogenic to Humans’ classification includes wireless RF/EMF radiation from any transmitting source in the range of 30 KHz to 300 GHz emitted from any device. This includes mobile phones, tablet computers/iPads, Wi-Fi devices, etc. https://ehtrust.org/science/whoiarc-posi...

The 2013 World Health Organisation’s IARC published their full report or monograph ‘The evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans’. Vol 102 outlines that children absorb wireless (RF/EMF) radiation deeper into their bodies than adults and also states that the classification includes exposure to all radiofrequency radiation [RF] and not just mobile phones, pages 34 & 33 of http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs....

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland [UK] is a member state and also participates in the Governing Council of the World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer. The UK was also a founding member of the World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer in 1965. https://www.iarc.fr/en/about/membership....

Under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004, you are requested to provide the following:

1.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports, World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer monographs and classifications, or any other form of evidence in which it is stated that “Wi-Fi exposure is safe and poses no risk to children’s health, including cancer”.

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents, please answer: “Newry, Mourne and Down District Council do not hold any documents, written or electronic, scientific studies or reports, World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer monographs and classifications, or any other form of evidence stating that Wi-Fi exposure is safe and poses no risk to children’s health, including cancer".

2. All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports, World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe level of exposure for children aged 0-4 years to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi, for children aged 0-4 years are held by Newry, Mourne and Down District Council.”  

3.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports, World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe level of exposure for children aged 4-11 years to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi, for children aged 4-11 years are held by Newry, Mourne and Down District Council.”  

4.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports, World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe level of exposure for children aged 12-18 years to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi, for children aged 12-18 years are held by Newry, Mourne and Down District Council.”  

5.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports, World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe level of exposure for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 0-4 years to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi, for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 0-4 years are held by Newry, Mourne and Down District Council.”  

6.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports, World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe level of exposure for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 4-11 years to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi, for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 4-11 years are held by Newry, Mourne and Down District Council.”  

7.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports, World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe level of exposure for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 12-18 years to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi, for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 12-18 years are held by Newry, Mourne and Down District Council.”  

Please number your responses. This Notice will be used in evidence.

I require written receipt of this Freedom of Information Request.

Sincerely and without ill will, vexation or frivolity,

by Amy Harron

Cc: To All Whom It May Concern

Newry, Mourne and Down District Council

Dear Ms Harron

Thank you for your email dated 30 August 2018 and your request for
information therein.

You have requested from Newry, Mourne and Down District Council
information in relation to WiFi - what are the known safe levels of
exposure for children?

I confirm your request will be processed as a request under the Freedom of
Information Act 2000.  Accordingly, you will receive the information you
have requested within 20 working days of the date of receipt of your
request by the Council unless the Council does not hold the information or
there is a reason to withhold all or part of the information requested.
 Council will write to you in any event.  

For further information in relation to the Freedom of Information Act 2000
I would refer you to the Information Commissioner's Office website,
www.ico.org.uk

If you wish to discuss the above please do not hesitate to contact me.

Kind Regards

Sally Andrée
Information Officer
Oifig Dhún Pádraig
Downpatrick Office
Downshire Civic Centre
Downshire Estate, Ardglass Road
Downpatrick, BT30 6GQ
Council: 0300 013 2233
Planning: 0300 200 7830
Extension: 2107

www.newrymournedown.org
www.facebook.com/nmdcouncil
www.twitter.com/nmdcouncil

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This e-mail, its contents and any attachments are intended only for the
above named. As this e-mail may contain confidential or legally
privileged information, if you are not, or suspect that you are not,
the above named, or the person responsible for delivering the message
to the above named, delete or destroy the email and any attachments
immediately. The contents of this e-mail may not be disclosed to, nor
used by, anyone other than the above named. We will not accept any
liability (in negligence or otherwise) arising from any third party
acting, or refraining from acting, on such information. Opinions,
conclusions and other information expressed in such messages are not
given or endorsed by the Council, unless otherwise indicated in writing
by an authorised representative independent of such messages.

Please note that we cannot guarantee that this message or any
attachment is virus free or has not been intercepted and amended.

The Council undertakes monitoring of both incoming and outgoing
e-mails. You should therefore be aware that if you send an e-mail to a
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necessary by the organisation.

As a public body, the Council may be required to disclose this e-mail
(or any response to it) under UK Data Protection and Freedom of
Information legislation, unless the information in it is covered by an
exemption.

Newry, Mourne and Down District Council

Dear Ms Harron

I refer to the above and write further to my email dated 03 September
2018.

Your request to Newry, Mourne and Down District Council in relation to
WiFi - what are the known safe levels of exposure for children has been
treated as a request under the Freedom of Information Act 2000.  I confirm
your request has now been processed as a request under the terms of the
Act and, accordingly, please see the response below.

Request

The World Health Organisation’s (WHO) International Agency for Research on
Cancer (IARC) classified wireless radiation (RF/EMF) as a Group 2B
‘Possible Human Carcinogen’ from 2011 onwards, based on scientific
evidence that linked wireless exposure with increased risks of brain or
head tumours, damage to DNA and other types of genotoxicity, increased
oxidative stress and evidence from animal studies.

The World Health Organisation’s (WHO) IARC 2B ‘Possibly Carcinogenic to
Humans’ classification includes wireless RF/EMF radiation from any
transmitting source in the range of 30 KHz to 300 GHz emitted from any
device. This includes mobile phones, tablet computers/iPads, Wi-Fi
devices, etc.
[1]https://ehtrust.org/science/whoiarc-posi...

The 2013 World Health Organisation’s IARC published their full report or
monograph ‘The evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans’. Vol 102
outlines that children absorb wireless (RF/EMF) radiation deeper into
their bodies than adults and also states that the classification includes
exposure to all radiofrequency radiation [RF] and not just mobile phones,
pages 34 & 33 of
[2]http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs....

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland [UK] is a member
state and also participates in the Governing Council of the World Health
Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer.  The UK was
also a founding member of the World Health Organisation’s International
Agency for Research on Cancer in 1965.
[3]https://www.iarc.fr/en/about/membership....

Under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Environmental
Information Regulations 2004, you are requested to provide the following:

1.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports,
World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer
monographs and classifications, or any other form of evidence in which it
is stated that “Wi-Fi exposure is safe and poses no risk to children’s
health, including cancer”.

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and
Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents, please
answer: “Newry, Mourne and Down District Council do not hold
any documents, written or electronic, scientific studies or reports, World
Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer
monographs and classifications, or any other form of evidence stating that
Wi-Fi exposure is safe and poses no risk to children’s health, including
cancer".

2. All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports,
World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer
monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known
safe level of exposure for children aged 0-4 years to wireless RF/EMF
radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and
Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please
answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation,
including Wi-Fi, for children aged 0-4 years are held by Newry, Mourne and
Down District Council.”  

3.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports,
World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer
monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe
level of exposure for children aged 4-11 years to wireless RF/EMF
radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and
Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please
answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation,
including Wi-Fi, for children aged 4-11 years are held by Newry, Mourne
and Down District Council.”  

4.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports,
World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer
monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe
level of exposure for children aged 12-18 years to wireless RF/EMF
radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and
Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please
answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation,
including Wi-Fi, for children aged 12-18 years are held by Newry, Mourne
and Down District Council.”  

5.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports,
World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer
monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe
level of exposure for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 0-4 years to
wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and
Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please
answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation,
including Wi-Fi, for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 0-4 years are held
by Newry, Mourne and Down District Council.”  

6.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports,
World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer
monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe
level of exposure for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 4-11 years to
wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and
Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please
answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation,
including Wi-Fi, for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 4-11 years are
held by Newry, Mourne and Down District Council.”  

7.  All documents written or electronic, scientific studies or reports,
World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer
monographs and classifications, etc. in which it is stated the known safe
level of exposure for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 12-18 years to
wireless RF/EMF radiation, including Wi-Fi. 

If you, Liam Hannaway, acting as the Chief Executive of Newry, Mourne and
Down District Council, confirm that there are no such documents please
answer: “No known safe levels of exposure to wireless RF/EMF radiation,
including Wi-Fi, for children with Down’s Syndrome aged 12-18 years are
held by Newry, Mourne and Down District Council.”  

Please number your responses. This Notice will be used in evidence.
Response

Newry, Mourne and Down District Council does not hold any information in
relation to your request for information.

Council does not hold any information relevant to your request as it is a
local authority in Northern Ireland and is not responsible for the
provision of education or health and social care.  

The Northern Ireland Department of Education and the Education Authority
Northern Ireland are responsible for the provision of education and can be
contacted via:

Departmental Information Manager
Department of Education
Rathgael House
Rathgill
43 Balloo Road
Bangor
BT19 7PR 

Email: [4][email address]

Chief Executive's Office
Education Authority Northern Ireland
40 Academy Street
Belfast
BT1 2NQ

Email: [5][email address]

The Northern Ireland Department of Health is responsible for the provision
of health and social care and can be contacted via:

Departmental Information Manager
FOI Unit
DoH
Annexe 3
Castle Buildings
Stormont
Belfast BT4 3SQ

Email: [6][email address]

Tel: 028 9052 2353

If you wish to discuss the above or require clarification on any matter,
please do not hesitate to contact me directly.
I trust this is of assistance.  However, should you be unhappy with our
response in this matter you may request an Internal Review of our response
and you can contact Mrs. Alison Robb, Assistant Director of Administration
([email address]) in that regard. In the event you are unhappy with
the outcome of any Internal Review conducted by the Council you may apply
to the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) for a review of our
response. Please note that the ICO generally expects Internal Reviews to
be completed prior to reviewing the decisions of public bodies.  For
further information in relation to Freedom of Information I would direct
you to the website of the Information Commissioner at: [7]www.ico.org.uk.

Kind Regards
Sally

Sally Andrée
Information Officer
Oifig Dhún Pádraig
Downpatrick Office
Downshire Civic Centre
Downshire Estate, Ardglass Road
Downpatrick, BT30 6GQ
Council: 0300 013 2233
Planning: 0300 200 7830
Extension: 2107

www.newrymournedown.org
www.facebook.com/nmdcouncil
www.twitter.com/nmdcouncil

Save paper - think before you print!

This e-mail, its contents and any attachments are intended only for the
above named. As this e-mail may contain confidential or legally
privileged information, if you are not, or suspect that you are not,
the above named, or the person responsible for delivering the message
to the above named, delete or destroy the email and any attachments
immediately. The contents of this e-mail may not be disclosed to, nor
used by, anyone other than the above named. We will not accept any
liability (in negligence or otherwise) arising from any third party
acting, or refraining from acting, on such information. Opinions,
conclusions and other information expressed in such messages are not
given or endorsed by the Council, unless otherwise indicated in writing
by an authorised representative independent of such messages.

Please note that we cannot guarantee that this message or any
attachment is virus free or has not been intercepted and amended.

The Council undertakes monitoring of both incoming and outgoing
e-mails. You should therefore be aware that if you send an e-mail to a
person within the Council it may be subject to any monitoring deemed
necessary by the organisation.

As a public body, the Council may be required to disclose this e-mail
(or any response to it) under UK Data Protection and Freedom of
Information legislation, unless the information in it is covered by an
exemption.

References

Visible links
1. https://ehtrust.org/science/whoiarc-posi...
2. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs...
3. https://www.iarc.fr/en/about/membership....
4. mailto:[email address]
5. mailto:[email address]
6. mailto:[email address]
7. http://www.ico.gov.uk/

Liam Hannaway 6 October 2018 
Doing business as Chief Executive 
Newry, Mourne and Down District Council 
Newry Office - Monaghan Row 
Newry

NOTICE TO THE PRINCIPAL IS NOTICE TO THE AGENT; NOTICE TO THE AGENT IS NOTICE TO THE PRINCIPAL

Wi-Fi - What are the known safe levels of exposure for children?

NOTICE OF FAILURE TO PROVIDE INFORMATION 

Freedom of Information Act 2000 & the Environmental Information Regulations 2004

Liam Hannaway,


I have received correspondence from Sally Andree, acting as Information Officer, alleging to be a response to my 30 August 2018 request.  Sally Andree has failed to provide me with the information I requested.

It is your duty, under the Freedom of Information Act 2000, “to confirm or deny”, as outlined in Part I ‘Right to Information’ Section I of the Act. https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/200...

Sally Andree wrote, “Newry, Mourne and Down District Council does not hold any information in relation to your request for information.  Council does not hold any information relevant to your request as it is a local authority in Northern Ireland and is not responsible for the provision of education or health and social care.” 


Please supply me with any reference I made to the council providing education or health and social care within my request.  Failure to do so proves that I made no reference at all to education or health and social care.  Why then would Sally Andree refer to this in her correspondence?


As you will be aware and as disclosed by employees of the Council, Newry, Mourne and Down District Council has chosen to install and commission devices emitting wireless RF/EMF radiation such as Wi-Fi within the Council’s Newry Leisure Centre, Newcastle Centre, and Wi-Fi can be enabled on request through a plug-in dongle within the Down Arts Centre.  Children are visitors (non-employees) to these buildings and children’s events and activities take place within all of these buildings.


As outlined by Sarah Starkey PhD, The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations Northern Ireland, 2000 and the Health and Safety at Work Northern Ireland Order 1978 require that all employers make “a suitable and sufficient” assessment of the risks to health and safety of employees and non-employees who may be affected by the employer’s undertaking. Employers have to provide a work environment that is, as is reasonably practicable, safe and without risks to health; non-employees are not to be exposed to risks to their health and safety.  https://cdn.website-editor.net/2479f24c5...


Also, as widely reported in the media, the Council has chosen to commission devices emitting wireless RF/EMF radiation, such as Wi-Fi access points, within the town centres of: Newry, Downpatrick, Newcastle and Ballynahinch.  Therefore, children will be exposed to wireless RF/EMF radiation within these town centres.


I require you, Liam Hannaway, acting as Chief Executive to supply the information outlined in the seven (7) items contained in my request on the 30 August 2018 and made under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004.


Please number your responses 1-7.  If you do not intend to provide this information for items 1-7, please write your reasons.

You have seventy-two (72) hours from receipt of this notice to respond.


This notice will be used in evidence.


Implied admission by absence of response.


Sincerely and without ill will, vexation or frivolity,


by Amy Harron

All rights reserved


Cc: To All Whom It May Concern

Newry, Mourne and Down District Council

Dear Ms Harron

Thank you for your e-mail below.

Councils original response to your seven questions dated 4 September 2018
remains. Council does not hold any information for each of your seven
questions. Rather than repeat the answer seven times, Ms Andree advised
you "Council does not hold any information in relation to your request".

Your additional request "Please supply me with any reference I made to the
council providing education or health and social care within my request. 
Failure to do so proves that I made no reference at all to education or
health and social care.  Why then would Sally Andree refer to this in her
correspondence?"

I can confirm there was no reference in your request re education and
health and social care. As Council  does not hold  any information you
requested we were suggesting you may wish to consider contacting  the
Department of Education, Education Authority and Department for Health as
they may hold the information you are seeking. Under the Freedom of
Information Code of Practice, we are required to assist requesters with
their queries:

"where a public authority does not hold the information, but thinks that
another public authority does, they should respond to the applicant to
inform them that the requested information is not held by them, and that
it may be held by another public authority. The public authority should,
as best practice where they can, provide the contact details for the
public authority they believe holds the requested information".

[1]https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk...
paragraph 2.12, p16 refers.
I trust this is of assistance.  However, should you be unhappy with our
response in this matter you may request an Internal Review of our response
and you can contact Mrs. Alison Robb, Assistant Director of Administration
([email address]) in that regard. In the event you are unhappy with
the outcome of any Internal Review conducted by the Council you may apply
to the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) for a review of our
response. Please note that the ICO generally expects Internal Reviews to
be completed prior to reviewing the decisions of public bodies.  For
further information in relation to Freedom of Information I would direct
you to the website of the Information Commissioner at: [2]www.ico.org.uk.

Regards

Suzanne Trainor
Information Officer
Comhairle Ceantair an Iúir Mhúrn agus an Dúin
Newry, Mourne and Down District Council
Downshire Civic Centre
Ardglass Road
Downpatrick
BT30 6GQ

Council: 0300 013 2233
Planning: 0300 200 7830
 
www.newrymournedown

From:        Amy Harron <[FOI #514070 email]>
To:        "FOI requests at Newry, Mourne and Down District Council"
<[Newry, Mourne and Down District Council request email]>
Date:        06/10/2018 18:09
Subject:        Re: AD/FOI/1536 - Request for Information

show quoted sections

Please use this email address for all replies to this request:
[FOI #514070 email]

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This e-mail, its contents and any attachments are intended only for the
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the above named, or the person responsible for delivering the message
to the above named, delete or destroy the email and any attachments
immediately. The contents of this e-mail may not be disclosed to, nor
used by, anyone other than the above named. We will not accept any
liability (in negligence or otherwise) arising from any third party
acting, or refraining from acting, on such information. Opinions,
conclusions and other information expressed in such messages are not
given or endorsed by the Council, unless otherwise indicated in writing
by an authorised representative independent of such messages.

Please note that we cannot guarantee that this message or any
attachment is virus free or has not been intercepted and amended.

The Council undertakes monitoring of both incoming and outgoing
e-mails. You should therefore be aware that if you send an e-mail to a
person within the Council it may be subject to any monitoring deemed
necessary by the organisation.

As a public body, the Council may be required to disclose this e-mail
(or any response to it) under UK Data Protection and Freedom of
Information legislation, unless the information in it is covered by an
exemption.

References

Visible links
1. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk...
2. http://www.ico.gov.uk/
3. https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/200...
4. https://cdn.website-editor.net/2479f24c5...
5. https://ehtrust.org/science/whoiarc-posi...
6. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs...
7. file:///tmp/www.ico.org.uk
8. file:///tmp/www.newrymournedown.org
9. file:///tmp/www.facebook.com/nmdcouncil
10. file:///tmp/www.twitter.com/nmdcouncil
11. https://ehtrust.org/science/whoiarc-posi...
12. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs...
13. https://www.iarc.fr/en/about/membership....
14. http://www.ico.gov.uk/
15. https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/help/offi...
16. https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/help/ico-...