Statistical information relating to Stop and Search operations at Clapham Junction Station

The request was partially successful.

Dear Sir or Madam,

I would be grateful if you could provide me with the following
information, which would reassure me that stop-and-search methods
are being used proportionately in my neighbourhood, as casual
observation of the repeated stop-and-search operations over the
past year at Clapham Junction Station does not seem to evidence
this.

I would like to know:

1) The number of people stopped and searched at Clapham Junction
Railway station over the past year (2008/2009 or as statistics are
available)

2) Under which legislation these stop and searches were carried out

3) The number of arrests made as a direct result of stop and
searches

4) The racial and ethic profiling statistics relating to these stop
and search operations (e.g 16+1 ethnic coding)

5) Evidence that the racial profiling of the stop and searches was
proportionate to the general population using the station, as
required by NPIA Practice Advice

6) What public communication was made in relation to these stop and
search operations, as advised by NPIA Practice Advice on Stop and
Search

7) What liaison with community groups and leaders was made prior to
and during the stop and search operations (as before)

8) Evidence of whether the IAC was informed of and invited to
witness the stop and search operations (in accordance with NPIA
Practice Advice)

9) What statistics were produced for scrutiny by local community
representatives as a result of these operations (as set out by NPIA
Practice Advice), what these statistics were, and to whom they were
presented

10) Specifically, how were officers briefed about whom they should
select to stop and search from the general population coming
through ticket barriers, and how was this briefing related to
specific police intelligence?

I look forward to your response.

Yours faithfully,

K F Joyce

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am writing to you regarding my FOI request, submitted over 20 days ago, regarding 'Statistical information relating to Stop and Search operations at Clapham Junction Station'.

To clarify, I have submitted the same request to both the Metropolitan Police (who have acknowledged my FOI request) and yourselves, who have not. I am unclear which organisation would hold the statistical information I am interested in.

I would be grateful if someone could let me know the status of my request, which is now overdue.

Yours sincerely,

K F Joyce

Freedom of information,

Dear Mr Joyce,

In respect of your recent email/letter I can confirm that British
Transport Police are in receipt of your request.

We will respond in due course.

Regards,

Nurul Abedin
Information Standards Unit

show quoted sections

Harry, Elliot, British Transport Police

3 Attachments

Dear Mr Joyce,

I write in connection with your request for information dated 4^th April
2009.  Your request has been considered and as directed in Section 1 of
the Freedom of Information Act, we can confirm that we do hold the
information requested.  However, we have decided to exempt some
information which is explained below.  Please accept our apologies for
the delay in responding to your request.

1) The number of people stopped and searched at Clapham Junction Railway
station over the past year (2008/2009 or as statistics are available)

In line with Section 17 of the FoIA, we would exempt this information
under the following provisions of the Freedom of Information Act:

Section 24 - National Security

To release information at this level would reveal the extent of
counter-terrorism policing activity at this location which would then aid
those who participate in terrorist activities to avoid detection, thus
creating a serious security threat.

 

Section 31 - Law Enforcement

Following on from this, if we were to release this information it would
hinder or prejudice the prevention and detection of crime and/or the
apprehension of offenders.

Section 38 - Health and Safety

If national security or law enforcement measures are compromised, this
would also adversely affect the health and safety of the public.

In addition to the above, BTP do not keep records of individual stations
and to examine the and collate the location of each record would exceed
the appropriate limit set out in Section 12 of the Act, which is set at 18
hours work or £450.

Section 16 of the Act places a duty on an authority to assist an applicant
and in line with this we can provide information for the London South Area
for 2008/09, which is outlined in the following table, broken down by
ethnicity and type of encounter:

2) Under which legislation these stop and searches were carried out

All stop and search encounters are made under one of 4 main powers:

            Section 44, Terrorism Act 2000

            Stop and Account, Section 1, Police and Criminal
Evidence Act 1984

            Reasonable Grounds, Code A, Annex A, Police and
Criminal Evidence Act 1984

            Public Order, Section 60, Criminal Justice and
Public Order Act 1994

3) The number of arrests made as a direct result of stop and searches

The following table details arrests following stop and search encounters:

Please note that these arrests are not necessarily related to the powers
used to stop the individual.  The Acts mentioned in Point 2) enable an
officer to stop an individual but if there is then a subsequent reason for
arrest this would normally be for a specific offence e.g. the person may
be carrying drugs or stolen property.

4) The racial and ethic profiling statistics relating to these stop and
search operations (e.g 16+1 ethnic coding)

Please see the table in Point 1) for the self-defined ethnicity of the
person stopped.

5) Evidence that the racial profiling of the stop and searches was
proportionate to the general population using the station, as required by
NPIA Practice Advice

Home Office police services are required to compare their stop and search
activity against the census population.

As BTP police commercial premises and locations there is no residential
population recorded in census data for comparison. In accord with the
practice of many police services BTP report stop and search data by the
percentage of self-defined ethnicity against the overall number of persons
stopped.  This is detailed in the following table:

6) What public communication was made in relation to these stop and search
operations, as advised by NPIA Practice Advice on Stop and Search

BTP's data currently covers all forces England Wales and Scotland. Our
data crosses all county and local council boundaries and is therefore not
easy to translate to local communities. We are currently exploring the
best way that we can deliver this information into the public arena so
that it is relevant to local communities and expect to have completed this
work in the next few months. We expect to make extensive use of the
Internet and to be fully compliant with NPIA guidance by the end of the
summer 2009.

7) What liaison with community groups and leaders was made prior to and
during the stop and search operations (as before)

BTP delivers all its data on Stop and Search to the community based Stop
Search and Account Group. This group draws its membership from a wide
variety of communities and has standing members from the National
Independent Advisory Group (NIAG), the Independent Advisory Network
(IAN)and the Police Authority.

8) Evidence of whether the IAC was informed of and invited to witness the
stop and search operations (in accordance with NPIA Practice Advice)

BTP has an open invite to any member of the public, independent body or
other organization to come and watch BTP carry out its stop and search
activity. Both NIAG and IAN monitor our operations in this arena and
feedback advice and guidance on our approach. This is an ongoing
accommodation which was seen as best practice in a recent HMIC inspection.

9) What statistics were produced for scrutiny by local community
representatives as a result of these operations (as set out by NPIA
Practice Advice), what these statistics were, and to whom they were
presented

As 7) above, we deliver ALL Stop and Search statistical data available to
the force at that time. This includes yearly and monthly data across all
stop and search powers. We include complaints data, a breakdown by use of
power, ethnicity, gender and arrests.

10) Specifically, how were officers briefed about whom they should select
to stop and search from the general population coming through ticket
barriers, and how was this briefing related to specific police
intelligence?

Police officers draw their briefing from more than one source.  Our
overall guidance and briefing on stop and search is derived from our stop
and search policy and standard operating procedure. Each officer has
access to a briefing guide on our intranet system and briefings for
individual patrol and specific operations draw their content from this
site. The overall briefing document which is not protectively marked
contains all that relevant information and draws from all the sources
mentioned.

British Transport Police provides you the right to request a
re-examination of your case under its review procedure. If you decide to
request such a review and having followed British Transport Police's full
process you are still dissatisfied, then you have the right to direct your
comments to the Information Commissioner ([1]www.ico.gov.uk) who will give
it consideration.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for your interest in
British Transport Police, and if you have any further queries, please do
not hesitate to contact us.

Yours sincerely,

Elliot Harry

Freedom of Information Officer

Information Standards Unit | British Transport Police | 25 Camden Road,
London NW1 9LN

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David Mery left an annotation ()

If you do a follow up email for clarification, here are a few things you may want to ask:

Re 2) is interesting in that it implicitly excludes stop and search powers not mentioned. You may want to ask a confirmation that the BTP has not used the stop and search powers under section 43 of the Terrorism Act 2000 in the London South Area for 2008/09

Re 7) "BTP delivers all its data on Stop and Search to the community based Stop Search and Account Group." What is this group? A search doesn't reveal more info on it.

br -d

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