Shore to ship electricity provision for South Harbour, Bay of Nigg

Ian Baird made this Environmental Information Regulations request to Port of Aberdeen
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The request was partially successful.

Dear Aberdeen Harbour Board

With respect to the appended detail (see below) re mandatory shore-to-ship electricity provision in EU ports by 2015, please supply details of Aberdeen Harbour Board's intentions to comply with this Directive in the AHEP.

Although the South Harbour will be operational before the mandatory compliance date, it is assumed that in developing the quayside infrastructure it would be be both cost-effective and socially responsible to have the required technology installed and running from day one of the new harbour's operation.

I look forward to being supplied with the relevant documentaton.

I understand that the Harbour Board does not have a general obligaton to comply with Freedom of Information requests but this exemption is waived with respect to requests which have an environmental significance. This request is made on that basis.

EU Policy

2025 Mandatory Shore Power in EU
The European Union approved the Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of Alternative Fuel Infrastructures in 2014. This Directive obliges Member States to implement alternative infrastructure networks such as shore-side power technology by December 2025. Article 4 of this directive specifically states:

“Member States shall ensure that the need for shore-side electricity supply for inland waterway vessels and sea-going ships in maritime and inland ports is assessed in their national policy frameworks. Such shore-side electricity supply shall be installed as a priority in ports of the TEN-T Core Network, and in other ports, by 31 December 2025, unless there is no demand and the costs are disproportionate to the benefits, including environmental benefits.”

Therefore, the provision of shore power at EU ports will become a mandatory requirement by 2025. Under this Directive, Member States shall ensure:

Shore-side electricity supply for waterborne vessels is installed in ports provided that it is cost-effective and has environmental benefits.
Shore-side electricity supply shall comply with the technical specifications by 31 December: relevant EN standard, to be adopted by 2014, and, pending the publication of this standard, with the technical specifications of the IEC/ISO/ IEEE 80005-1 standard.

EU recommendation
The European Commission has been studying the effects of use of onshore power. Based on this work, the European Commission has issued a recommendation stating that Member States should consider the installation of shore-side electricity for use by ships at berth in ports. Installations should be particularly be placed in ports where air quality limit values are exceeded or where there are concern about the high levels of noise nuisance, especially in berths near residential areas.

The European Commission also invites Member States to consider offering economic incentives to operators to use shore-side electricity provided to ships, taking advantage of the possibilities set out in Community legislation.

Energy tax reduction
In 2007 the Commission presented a Communication on an Integrated Maritime Policy for the European Union. In this paper the Commission announced that it would develop proposals to reduce the levels of air pollution from ships in ports, by removing the tax disadvantages for shoreside power. As part of the revision of the Energy Tax Directive (2003/96), exemption from energy taxes for onshore power is now under discussion. At present, countries have different energy taxes. Anticipating on this potential energy tax exemption, Sweden successfully requested to apply reduced tax rates to OPS from the European Commission.

0.1 % S fuel at berth mandatory
Under EU Directive 2005/33 the use of 0.1 % sulphur by weight for marine fuels used by ships at berth in Community ports became mandatory as of 1 January, 2010. The Directive allows OPS as an alternative.

* above info sourced at

Yours faithfully,

Ian Baird

Dear Aberdeen Harbour Board,
I am still awaiting a substantive answer to this request. I need to point out that an email sent to me stating that, 'In response to your enquiry, Aberdeen Harbour Board facilities are, and will continue to be, fully compliant with all relevant legislation.', is not a valid response to an FOI request.
Please study your obligations under FOI legislation and reply appropriately to my original request or I will be obliged to escalate the matter to the Information Commissioner
Yours faithfully
Ian Baird

Chris Bain, Port of Aberdeen

Dear Mr Baird

Thank you for your email regarding the provision of shore power at
Aberdeen South Harbour.

We have included service ducting in the design of the new facilities and
it is possible that this could accommodate cabling for electricity supply
to vessels should they require it in the future. Based on conversations
with existing port users, the type of vessels using Aberdeen Harbour are
unlikely to have the required onboard infrastructure for shore power. Due
to the various mooring and cargo handling operations undertaken in port
these vessels require the flexibility afforded by their own power supply

If this situation changes, Aberdeen Harbour would explore the viability of
providing such a service and, once assessed, the availability of surplus
power within the grid to meet this new demand.

I hope this addresses the question raised.

With Kind Regards
Chris Bain

(Mrs) Chris Bain
External Relations Director

Aberdeen Harbour Board
16 Regent Quay
Aberdeen Harbour
AB11 5SS

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