“Power and Control Wheel" (of the Duluth Model) training for AVRU officers

The request was successful.

Dear Police Scotland,

Background to this FOISA 2002 request

Police Scotland will be only too aware of issues relating to Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence (IPSV) the negative impact this can have have on individuals, family members, the wider public and society as a whole.
Police Scotland officers at the forefront dealing with these IPSV issues (as well as other crimes for example crimes as defined by the Domestic Abuse (Scotland) Act 2018) and who will receive specific training will likely be those assigned to an Alcohol Violence Reduction Unit (AVRU).
A FOISA 2002 request to Police Scotland, that was responded to on 27 May 2019, details that Police Constable training does not use The Duluth Model but that the “Power and Control Wheel" of the same model has been used for training since February 2013.
The response to FOIA 2000 request to a constabulary in England shows that “Power and Control Wheel” has been used in this constabulary since 2016 and therefore this “bias" training is now well established across the UK's police forces.

FOISA 2002 Requests

What training courses that communicate the “Power and Control Wheel" (of the Duluth Model), in addition to initial Police Constable training, are used for AVRU officers?

Assuming that such “Power and Control Wheel" (of the Duluth Model) training takes place (beyond initial PC training) then which organisation or organisations provide this training to AVRU officers?

What was the starting date for “Power and Control Wheel" (of the Duluth Model) training for AVRU officers?

Yours faithfully,

SJA Grove

Police Scotland

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FOI Edinburgh, Police Scotland

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Good Morning SJA Grove

Thank you for your recent Freedom of Information request. Please see
Police Scotland's response. Please quote our reference IM-FOI-2020-1698
with all future correspondence in relation to this matter.

Kind Regards

Information Management Unit | Police Scotland | Fettes Avenue | Edinburgh
| EH4 1RB

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Dear FOI Edinburgh,

Police Scotland are thanked for their response and candour in replying to this FOISA 2002 request.

Police Scotland should be aware of a recent prosecution under Section 39 of the Criminal Justice & Licensing (Scotland) where two Police Scotland officers gave evidence in the witness stand.

Police Scotland should be aware that one of these officers described the accused as being, in their opinion, “controlling" based on the accused views of recent legislation that were discussed at the start of the accused’s first ever interview under caution with the police on 19 December 2018, after the accused had been arrested outside of their children's school. Under cross examination by a Defence Solicitor this same Police Scotland officer could not name the person (or the position in the organisation) the officer had contacted in a professional standards body (where professional standards are monitored) and where the accused had made a formal complaint pertaining to libel. The accused in the trial had made a formal complaint to the Scottish Legal Complaints Commission (SLCC) regarding the conduct of the solicitor advising the complainant, in their role on the Domestic Abuse Transitions Advice (DATA) project.

Police Scotland should reasonably know that part of a Data Protection Act 2018 Subject Access Request from Stirling Council [that was delayed requiring a complaint to the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO)] was produced in court as evidence. This heavily redacted DPA 2018 SAR identified that a Multi-Agency Risk Assessment Conference (MARAC) had been convened in 2018 (likely 15 November 2018). Subsequent entries onto the social work system with the header “VPD" identified that false information had been provided to the Police Scotland Vulnerable Persons Database (VPD) which was then passed onto the council social work systems.

Given that MARACs are run by SafeLives, without necessarily any Police Scotland input (as evidenced by a FOISA 2002 request response) then it would appear that Police Scotland are operating in an “echo chamber". Police Scotland are being trained by the organisation SafeLives, funded by the Scottish Government, that describes a male as being coercively controlling whilst at the same time this organisation is initiating the population the Police Scotland VPD (or iVPD) with libellous information about that very same male.

The irony should not be lost on Police Scotland.

Information from a recent Crown Office & Procurator Fiscal Service (COPFS) FOISA 2002 response indicates that Crown witnesses who are not regarded as “victims” are not automatically informed of a trial verdict or Judgement. Police Scotland should therefore be made aware that in the Judgement of the sheriff in the Section 39 of CJ&LSA 2010 trial the accused had never been psychotic and that the letter written to a family law solicitor in 2016, by the DATA Project worker, stating that this was the case was therefore libel.

This FOISA 2002 request highlights that Police Scotland may wish to review it's training programs. A recommendation would be for Police Scotland to implement training programs around the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) developed by Prof Susan Fiske (Princeton) and others.

Yours sincerely,

SJA Grove