List of Unsolved Child Murders in Essex from 1945 until 1984

The request was partially successful.

Dear Essex Police,
Could you please supply me with a list of all unsolved child murders committed in Essex from 1945-1984 together with name, date, location and brief manner committed.

Yours faithfully,

Chris Clark

Data FOI Essex,

Your email has been received and will receive attention.

 

Please note however that this Team is currently experiencing a high volume
of requests and delays in response may occur. Unless your email is
re-directed elsewhere we aim to respond within 20 working days.

 

Please see the Essex Police website for more information about the Force,
and what this team does:  [1]https://www.essex.police.uk/

 

If your email relates to a Road Traffic Collision please re-direct your
email to [2][email address]

 

For non-emergency calls to Essex Police please use the 101 telephone
number. In the case of an emergency, please dial 999.

 

Data Protection & Freedom of Information
Information Management
Corporate Services
Essex Police Headquarters
PO Box 2, Springfield, Chelmsford, CM2 6DA

 

This email and any other accompanying document(s) contain information from
Kent Police and/or Essex Police, which is confidential or privileged. The
information is intended to be for the exclusive use of the individual(s)
or bodies to whom it is addressed. The content, including any subsequent
replies, could be disclosable if relating to a criminal investigation or
civil proceedings. If you are not the intended recipient, be aware that
any disclosure, copying, distribution or other use of the contents of this
information is prohibited. If you have received this email in error,
please notify us immediately by contacting the sender or telephoning Kent
Police on 01622 690690 or Essex Police on 01245 491491, as appropriate.

References

Visible links
1. https://www.essex.police.uk/
2. mailto:[email address]

Data FOI Essex,

2 Attachments

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above
reference.

 

Under the Freedom of Information Act we are required to reply within 20
working days.  The Act does not specify a limit to the number of
information requests a public authority may receive or the number of
requests or questions an applicant may submit.  However, there are
exemptions in the Act that can apply and these include where the cost of
complying with the request would extend beyond the reasonable cost limit,
(currently 18 hours or £450), or if the request is otherwise manifestly
unreasonable in its scope or nature. 

 

Requests that ask a great many questions, or a number of detailed requests
submitted at the same time, may make it necessary for Essex Police to
refuse the requests wholly or in part. The exemption at s14 may be engaged
if the burden on the authority is increased through multiple requests on
differing subjects

 

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has responsibility for
providing oversight and guidance for the legislation and they have
produced advice for applicants on submitting effective requests.  Further
information can be found on the Commissioner’s website at www.ico.gov.uk
specific information relating to submitting a request can be found at:
https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/offici...

 

While we process your request, please take the time to consider the ICO’s
advice and whether you feel it may be beneficial to amend or refine your
request. Our team is happy to discuss your request with you and will be
able to provide advice as to what kind of information will be available
from Essex Police.

 

 

Steve Grayton

Senior Information Officer
Data Protection & Freedom of Information
Information Management
Corporate Services
Essex Police Headquarters
PO Box 2, Springfield, Chelmsford, CM2 6DA

 

Internal extension 150044
External Dial 101 then ext.150044
Data Protection / FOI Team direct dial: 01245 452647
Fax: 01245 452256 Internal 150045
Email : [1]data[Essex Police request email]
Personal email: [2][email address]
Website: [3]www.essex.police.uk

Office hours: Mon-Thur 8:00 - 16:00, Fri 8:00 - 15:30

[4]http://web/departments/mediaandpr/pr/Cre...
Services Logo

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Dear Data FOI Essex,
Could you please inform me when I am going to receive a reply to the information I requested which should have arrived by 27 March 2017 or within 20 working days.

Yours sincerely,

Chris Clark

Data FOI Essex,

Your email has been received and will receive attention.

 

Please note however that this Team is currently experiencing a high volume
of requests and delays in response may occur. Unless your email is
re-directed elsewhere we aim to respond within 20 working days.

 

Please see the Essex Police website for more information about the Force,
and what this team does:  [1]https://www.essex.police.uk/

 

If your email relates to a Road Traffic Collision please re-direct your
email to [2][email address]

 

For non-emergency calls to Essex Police please use the 101 telephone
number. In the case of an emergency, please dial 999.

 

Data Protection & Freedom of Information
Information Management
Corporate Services
Essex Police Headquarters
PO Box 2, Springfield, Chelmsford, CM2 6DA

 

This email and any other accompanying document(s) contain information from
Kent Police and/or Essex Police, which is confidential or privileged. The
information is intended to be for the exclusive use of the individual(s)
or bodies to whom it is addressed. The content, including any subsequent
replies, could be disclosable if relating to a criminal investigation or
civil proceedings. If you are not the intended recipient, be aware that
any disclosure, copying, distribution or other use of the contents of this
information is prohibited. If you have received this email in error,
please notify us immediately by contacting the sender or telephoning Kent
Police on 01622 690690 or Essex Police on 01245 491491, as appropriate.

References

Visible links
1. https://www.essex.police.uk/
2. mailto:[email address]

Data FOI Essex,

1 Attachment

Mr Clark

I am sorry our reply is overdue but we have been overwhelmed with requests this year. We are just finalising our reply and it should be with you early next week.

Please accept my apologies for the inconvenience this delay will cause.

Steve Grayton
Senior Information Officer
Data Protection & Freedom of Information
Information Management
Corporate Services
Essex Police Headquarters
PO Box 2, Springfield, Chelmsford, CM2 6DA

Internal extension 150044
External Dial 101 then ext.150044
Data Protection / FOI Team direct dial: 01245 452647
Fax: 01245 452256 Internal 150045
Email : data[Essex Police request email]
Personal email: [email address]
Website: www.essex.police.uk

Office hours: Mon-Thur 8:00 - 16:00, Fri 8:00 - 15:30

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Kerry Nicholson 42006441,

4 Attachments

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above
reference.

Section 1 of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOIA) places two duties
on public authorities. Unless exemptions apply, the first duty at
Sec1(1)(a) is to confirm or deny whether the information specified in a
request is held. The second duty at Sec1(1)(b) is to disclose information
that has been confirmed as being held. Where exemptions are relied upon
s17 of FOIA requires that we provide the applicant with a notice which: a)
states that fact b) specifies the exemption(s) in question and c) states
(if that would not otherwise be apparent) why the exemption applies.

In respect of your enquiry:

Could you please supply me with a list of all unsolved child murders
committed in Essex from 1945-1984 together with name, date, location and
brief manner committed.

Having completed my enquiries I am able to respond as follows:

This response is in relation to FOI 9772 and 9773 aggregated together –
the same response has been issued to both requests.

In respect of Sec 1(1)(a), Essex Police does hold information relating
to your request however Essex Police does not hold the information
requested in a format that allows it to be retrieved within the scope of
FOI.

 

When responding to a request for information under the terms of the
Freedom of Information Act, a public authority is not obliged to provide
information if the authority estimates that the cost of the retrieval of
the information requested would be in excess of £450 (equivalent to 18
hours work). The costs criteria relates to a request in its entirety,
which means that if we cannot retrieve all of the information requested
within the costs limit, we are not obliged to retrieve any of the
information requested.

 

 Section 12(1) of the Freedom of Information Act states that a public
authority is not obliged to:

“…comply with a request for information if the authority estimates that
the cost of complying with the request would exceed the appropriate
limit.”

 

I am afraid that the specific information requested in your submission is
not held by Essex Police in what is referred to as in a readily accessible
format. We would be unable to provide details over the vast time frame
requested in your submission, we do not have digital records for crimes
pre 1958. Investigations details are held within investigation files to
manually extract the details request would exceed the time and costs
limits mentioned above and also entail the creation of data which we are
not obliged to do under the act. Sorting or filtering data sources or
running a database query tool will not provide the level of data required.

 

Consequently, and to this extent, Essex Police are exempt from the duty to
provide the information you have requested under the provisions of section
12(1) of the FOI Act. 

 

Therefore, and in accordance with section 17(5) of the Act, this
communication must act as a refusal notice to provide all of the
information that could be interpreted as being captured by your request.

Having said that, and in an effort to assist - although excess cost
removes the forces obligations under the Freedom of Information Act, I can
provide some details;

 

The figures are correct as at this point in time , all cases are resolved
apart from one that is unsolved but under investigation.

 

The legal definition of a child is all children under 18, (not just
babies) as some might think, so the information provided includes all
under 18’s.

 

Year 1958 – 2 child homicides

Year 1961 – 1 child homicide

Year 1963 – 4 child homicides

Year 1964 – 4 child homicides – One case unresolved but under
investigation

Year 1965 – 2 child homicides

Year 1966 – 1 child homicide

Year 1967 – 1 child homicide

Year 1968 – 1 child homicide

Year 1970 – 4 child homicides

Year 1971 – 1 child homicide

Year 1972 – 1 child homicide

Year 1973 – 3 child homicides

Year 1974 – 1 child homicide

Year 1975 – 1 child homicide

Year 1976 – 1 child homicide

Year 1977 – 1 child homicide

Year 1979 – 12 child homicides

Year 1980 – 1 child homicide

Year 1981 – 1 child homicide

Year 1982 – 1 child homicide

Year 1983 – 1 child homicide

Year 1984 – 1 child homicide

 

 

No further information will be released in respect of the above, as the
duty in Section 1(1)(a) of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 does not
apply by virtue of the following exemption:

Section 30(3) Investigations;

 

Factors favouring Disclosure for Section 30

Confirming or denying that any information exists relevant to this request
would lead to a better informed public demonstrating that Essex Police
appropriately investigates murder. There is a public interest in the
community being made aware of all the facts relating to this area of
policing in order to ensure complete openness and transparency.
Confirmation or denial would also highlight that police resources are
being utilised to focus on criminal offending.

 

Factors favouring Non-Disclosure for Section 30

The Police Service will never disclose information which could identify
investigative activity and would prejudice any on-going investigations,
this could inform the offenders of the police focus and therefore
undermine their investigations. To do so would hinder the prevention or
detection of crime.

 

In addition details of incidents will contain personal details of
individuals or for the identification of the individual – that information
is never released under FOI as it would breach the data protection rights
of the individuals concerned.

 

FOI section 40(2) Personal information

(2)Any information to which a request for information relates is also
exempt information if—

(a) it constitutes personal data which do not fall within subsection (1) (
 (I.e. - it constitutes the personal data of an individual other than the
applicant)

(b) either the first or the second condition below is satisfied.

(3)The first condition is—

(a) in a case where the information falls within any of paragraphs (a) to
(d) of the definition of “data” in section 1(1) of the Data Protection Act
1998, that the disclosure of the information to a member of the public
otherwise than under this Act would contravene—

(i) any of the data protection principles

In this instance, disclosure of personal information under the FOI Act
would contravene the first data protection principle (Data Protection Act
1998, Schedule 1, para. 1) as set out below.

Personal data shall be processed fairly and lawfully and, in particular,
shall not be processed unless -

(a) at least one of the conditions in Schedule 2 is met, and

(b) in the case of sensitive personal data, at least one of the conditions
in Schedule 3 is also met.

 

In this instance, disclosure would certainly be unfair to the individual,
and in particular, would not be supported by any condition of schedule 2
or (where relevant) schedule 3 of the Data Protection Act 1998. 

The FOI legislation is intended to supply the general public with official
information about public authorities and their workings.  This does not
extend to information about individuals with whom the public authority has
come into contact.  In general terms, the closer a request focuses upon an
individual the more likely it is that the information will not be suitable
for disclosure under FOI.  Essex Police may disclose the names of persons
who have been charged or convicted of an offence when this is reasonably
contemporaneous and where we consider there is a substantial public
interest in doing so.  However, we cannot be compelled to disclose
sensitive personal data by a request under the Freedom of Information Act
2000.

 

  

Balancing Test

 

The points above highlight the merits of neither confirming nor denying
that information pertinent to this request exists. The Police Service
relies heavily on the public providing information to assist in criminal
investigations and has a duty to protect and defend vulnerable
individuals.  The public has an expectation that any information they
provide will be treated with confidence and in line with the APP
Information Management Module.  Anything which places that confidence at
risk, no matter how generic, would undermine any trust or confidence
individuals have in the Police Service. 

In addition, the effective delivery of operational law enforcement is of
paramount importance to Essex Police in their duty to ensure the
prevention and detection of crime is carried out and the effective
apprehension or prosecution of offenders is maintained.

Therefore, at this moment in time, it is our opinion that for these issues
the balance test for neither confirmation nor denial that any other
information is held pertinent to this request

 

No inference can be drawn from this refusal that information is or isn’t
held.

 

I hope that the information I have provided is of assistance. Thank you
for your interest in Essex Police.

 

 

Kind regards,

 

 

 

 

Kerry Nicholson
Information Officer
Corporate Services

Essex Police HQ
Internal extension 150028
Direct Dial 01245 452647
Essex Police Non emergency Telephone Number (within Essex) 101 (Outside
Essex) 0300 333 4444
Fax: Internal 150045 External 01245 452256
Website: [1]www.essex.police.uk

Information Management, Corporate Services , Essex Police Headquarters, PO
Box 2, Springfield, Chelmsford, CM2 6DA

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests
[2]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to:  [3]data[Essex Police request email]

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

           

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner. Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [4]https://ico.org.uk/

 

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