Knife arrests and stop and searches

Andy Rush made this Freedom of Information request to Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

This request has been closed to new correspondence from the public body. Contact us if you think it ought be re-opened.

The request was partially successful.

Dear Metropolitan Police Service (MPS),

I would like to request this information, if possible:

1) The number of people under the age of 18 arrested in Croydon for carrying knives for each year over the last 5 years.

2) Number of people arrested between ages of 18-24 for carrying knives for each year over the past 5 years.

3) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken down into age categories for each year over the past 5 years and the percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120 suspects aged between 18-24 in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal articles).

4) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken down into race categories for each year over the past 5 years and the percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120 on Caucasian suspects in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal articles)

5) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken down into gender categories for each year over the past 5 years and the percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120 on male suspects in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal articles).

6) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken down into gender, race and age categories for each year over the past 5 years and the percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120 black males under 18 years-old in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal articles).

Yours faithfully,

Andy Rush

Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

Dear Mr  Rush

Freedom of Information Request Reference No: 2018010000663

I write in connection with your request for information which was received
by the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) on 15/01/2018.  I note you seek
access to the following information:

* Dear Metropolitan Police Service (MPS),

* I would like to request this information, if possible: 1) The number
of people under the age of 18 arrested in Croydon for carrying knives
for each year over the last 5 years. 2) Number of people arrested
between ages of 18-24 for carrying knives for each year over the past
5 years. 3) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in
Croydon broken down into age categories for each year over the past 5
years and the percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately,
were successful in finding illegal articles for each year for the past
5 years. (I.e. 120 suspects aged between 18-24 in 2016, 33% led to
arrest, 45% found illegal articles). 4) The number of stop and
searches conducted on people in Croydon broken down into race
categories for each year over the past 5 years and the percentage of
these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in finding
illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120 on
Caucasian suspects in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal
articles) 5) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in
Croydon broken down into gender categories for each year over the past
5 years and the percentage of these that led to arrest and,
separately, were successful in finding illegal articles for each year
for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120 on male suspects in 2016, 33% led to
arrest, 45% found illegal articles). 6) The number of stop and
searches conducted on people in Croydon broken down into gender, race
and age categories for each year over the past 5 years and the
percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were
successful in finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5
years. (I.e. 120 black males under 18 years-old in 2016, 33% led to
arrest, 45% found illegal articles).

This is to inform you that the MPS are unable to proceed with your request
as we require further information from you.  

PLEASE NOTE - - In regard your request, please see the following;

We need to know whether you  want calendar years, financial years or would
like to specify other start and end times.  Also if you want it to be
broken down by month or presented in whole years.

After receiving your reply, your request will then be considered and you
will receive a response within the statutory timescale of 20 working days.

However, if the requested additional information has not been received by
13 February 2018  I will assume you no longer wish to proceed with this
request and will treat it as withdrawn.

Should you have any further enquiries concerning this matter, please
contact  via email at [email address], quoting the reference number
above.

Yours sincerely,

Peter Deja
Support Officer - Freedom of Information Triage Team
 
COMPLAINT RIGHTS

Are you unhappy with how your request has been handled or do you think the
decision is incorrect?

You have the right to require the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) to
review their decision.

Prior to lodging a formal complaint you are welcome to discuss the
response with the case officer who dealt with your request.  

Complaint

If you are dissatisfied with the handling procedures or the decision of
the MPS made under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (the Act) regarding
access to information you can lodge a complaint with the MPS to have the
decision reviewed.

Complaints should be made in writing, within forty (40) working days from
the date of the refusal notice, and addressed to:

FOI Complaint
Information Rights Unit
PO Box 57192
London
SW6 1SF
[email address]

In all possible circumstances the MPS will aim to respond to your
complaint within 20 working days.

The Information Commissioner

After lodging a complaint with the MPS if you are still dissatisfied with
the decision you may make application to the Information Commissioner for
a decision on whether the request for information has been dealt with in
accordance with the requirements of the Act.

For information on how to make application to the Information Commissioner
please visit their website at www.ico.org.uk.  Alternatively, write to or
phone:

Information Commissioner's Office
Wycliffe House
Water Lane
Wilmslow
Cheshire
SK9 5AF
Phone: 0303 123 1113

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the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
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legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

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Dear Metropolitan Police Service (MPS),

If you could present the information in calendar years and also broken down into each different month if possible.

Yours faithfully,

Andy Rush

Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

Dear Mr Rush

Freedom of Information Request Reference No: 2018010000663

I write in connection with your request for information which was received
by the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) on 15/01/2018.  I note you seek
access to the following information:

"Dear Metropolitan Police Service (MPS),

I would like to request this information, if possible:

1) The number of people under the age of 18 arrested in Croydon for
carrying knives for each year over the last 5 years.

2) Number of people arrested between ages of 18-24 for carrying knives for
each year over the past 5 years.

3) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken
down into age categories for each year over the past 5 years and the
percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in
finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120
suspects aged between 18-24 in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal
articles).

4) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken
down into race categories for each year over the past 5 years and the
percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in
finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120 on
Caucasian suspects in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal articles)

5) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken
down into gender categories for each year over the past 5 years and the
percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in
finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120 on
male suspects in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal articles).

6) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken
down into gender, race and age categories for each year over the past 5
years and the percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were
successful in finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years.
(I.e. 120 black males under 18 years-old in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45%
found illegal articles)."

Clarified on 17/01/2018:

"If you could present the information in calendar years  and also broken
down into each different month if possible."
Your request will now be considered in accordance with the Freedom of
Information Act 2000 (the Act).  You will receive a response within the
statutory timescale of 20 working days as defined by the Act.  

If you have any further enquiries concerning this matter, please contact
us at [email address] or on the phone at 0207 161 3500, quoting the
reference number above. Should your enquiry relate to the logging or
allocations process we will be able to assist you directly and where your
enquiry relates to other matters (such as the status of the request) we
will be able to pass on a message and/or advise you of the relevant
contact details.

Yours sincerely

R. Loizou
Support Officer - Freedom of Information Triage Team
 
COMPLAINT RIGHTS

Are you unhappy with how your request has been handled or do you think the
decision is incorrect?

You have the right to require the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) to
review their decision.

Prior to lodging a formal complaint you are welcome to discuss the
response with the case officer who dealt with your request.  

Complaint

If you are dissatisfied with the handling procedures or the decision of
the MPS made under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (the Act) regarding
access to information you can lodge a complaint with the MPS to have the
decision reviewed.

Complaints should be made in writing, within forty (40) working days from
the date of the refusal notice, and addressed to:

FOI Complaint
Information Rights Unit
PO Box 57192
London
SW6 1SF
[email address]

In all possible circumstances the MPS will aim to respond to your
complaint within 20 working days.

The Information Commissioner

After lodging a complaint with the MPS if you are still dissatisfied with
the decision you may make application to the Information Commissioner for
a decision on whether the request for information has been dealt with in
accordance with the requirements of the Act.

For information on how to make application to the Information Commissioner
please visit their website at www.ico.org.uk.  Alternatively, write to or
phone:

Information Commissioner's Office
Wycliffe House
Water Lane
Wilmslow
Cheshire
SK9 5AF
Phone: 0303 123 1113

Consider our environment - please do not print this email unless
absolutely necessary.

NOTICE - This email and any attachments may be confidential, subject to
copyright and/or legal privilege and are intended solely for the use of
the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
notify the sender and delete it from your system.  To avoid incurring
legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

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Dear Metropolitan Police Service (MPS),

Please pass this on to the person who conducts Freedom of Information reviews.

I am writing to request an internal review of Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)'s handling of my FOI request 'Knife arrests and stop and searches'.

I have not received the information I desire within the expected timescale even after it has initially been delayed.

A full history of my FOI request and all correspondence is available on the Internet at this address: https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/k...

Yours faithfully,

Andy Rush

Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

Dear Mr Rush

Freedom of Information Review Reference No: 2018020001112

I write in connection with your request for a review of the handling
and/or decision relating to  2018010000663 which was received by the
Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) on  27/02/2018.  

A review will now be conducted in accordance with the Code of Practice
issued under Section 45 of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (the Act).
 The reviewing officer will reconsider the original request before
responding to you with their findings.

There is no statutory time limit in relation to the completion of an
Internal Review.  However, the MPS aim to complete Internal Reviews within
20 working days or in exceptional cases, within 40 working days.  This is
based upon guidance published by the Information Commissioner.

If it is not possible to complete the Internal Review within this
timescale you will be informed at the earliest opportunity.

If you are unhappy with the outcome of an Internal Review you may wish to
refer the matter to the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO).

For information on how to make an application to the Information
Commissioner please visit their website at www.ico.org.uk.  Alternatively,
write to or phone:

Information Commissioner's Office
Wycliffe House
Water Lane
Wilmslow
Cheshire
SK9 5AF
Phone:  0303 123 1113

Yours sincerely

R. Loizou
Support Officer - Freedom of Information Triage Team

Consider our environment - please do not print this email unless
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NOTICE - This email and any attachments may be confidential, subject to
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the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
notify the sender and delete it from your system.  To avoid incurring
legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

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Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

Dear Mr Rush

Freedom of Information Request Reference No: 2018020001112

Further to our email dated 28th February 2018, I am now able to provide a
response to your complaint dated 27th February 2018 concerning request
number 2018010000663.  

DECISION

Having reviewed the handling of request number 2018010000663 I have
decided that the MPS are in breach of section 10(1) of the Freedom of
Information Act (The Act).

REASON FOR DECISION

Section 10(1) states:

'Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a public authority must comply with
section 1(1) promptly and in any event not later than the twentieth
working day following the date of receipt.'

The original request was received on 15th January and was clarified on
17th January.  The twentieth working day following date of receipt was
12th February and the twentieth working day following the clarification
was 14th February.  Your request is currently ongoing and therefore the
MPS have failed to respond within the twenty working day time frame.

ACTIONS TAKEN

Your request is ongoing and therefore I have discussed the matter with the
Information Manager (IM) who is responsible for it, Suzi Mason.  Suzi has
confirmed that our office have not yet been provided with the requested
data.  To clarify, where data is required from MPS systems the IM will
commission a Performance Analyst to extract that data.  The extraction of
data is not a simple task and often bespoke queries must be written in
order to extract the exact data the FOI requestor is seeking.
 Furthermore, data for requests is often drawn from multiple MPS systems
for example there are different systems for 999 calls, offence statistics,
arrest data, stop and search, missing persons, etc.  Therefore the MPS
employ Performance Analysts and these individuals are responsible for
extracting data from our systems - whether that is in respect of a FOI
request or for any other purpose.

Having reviewed the handling of your request I can confirm that Suzi
referred the matter to the Performance and Assurance Unit (performance
analysts) on the day that she received it, 19th February.  As I have
already mentioned we are awaiting that data and, of course, we must
receive it before we can progress with the request (considering
suitability for disclosure, seeking approval, etc).

I have asked Suzi to chase this up with the Performance and Assurance
Unit, advising them of the fact that this matter is overdue - which she
has done.  I have advised Suzi to raise the matter with her line manager
if no response is received.  Additionally I have asked Suzi to keep you
informed of any further delays by way of updating you every 2 weeks.  

ADVICE AND ASSISTANCE

To assist you I have considered what information is available in the
public domain.  It should be noted that the publically available data does
not answer your request, however it may be of use to you.

I have not been able to locate information regarding arrests for knife
crime in Croydon, however the "Hate crime or special crime dashboard"
provides information on knife crime by borough (and for the whole of the
MPS) from 2010 until January 2018.
 https://www.met.police.uk/stats-and-data...

In respect of stop and search, the published data relates to a shorter
period - March 2017 to January 2018 - however it includes the number of
stop and searches carried out in Croydon (see the "S&S R12 Summary" tab),
the age and ethnic appearance of those stopped in Croydon (see the
"Searches Demographics" tab) and the outcomes/arrests following a stop and
search in Croydon (see the Outcomes R12 Summary).  The stop and search
dashboard can be found here:
https://www.met.police.uk/stats-and-data...

For your information, other data that is not covered by your request, such
as taser use and the use of force, can be found at the following link:
https://www.met.police.uk/stats-and-data/

As your request is currently ongoing this Internal Review relates only to
the procedural matters. I hope that the request is completed shortly and
to your satisfaction, however if you are unhappy with the final outcome
you may request an internal review in relation to the decisions taken.

On behalf of the MPS I would like to apologise for any inconvenience
caused by the delay in responding to your request.  

COMPLAINT RIGHTS

If you are dissatisfied with this response please read the attached paper
entitled Complaint Rights which explains how to contact the Information
Commissioner with your complaint.

Should you have any further inquiries concerning this matter, please
contact me on 0207 161 3583 or at the address at the top of this letter,
quoting the reference number above.

Yours sincerely

David Edwards
Information Rights Unit
COMPLAINT RIGHTS

Are you unhappy with how your request has been handled or do you think the
decision is incorrect?

You have the right to require the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) to
review their decision.

Prior to lodging a formal complaint you are welcome to discuss the
response with the case officer who dealt with your request.  

Complaint

If you are dissatisfied with the handling procedures or the decision of
the MPS made under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (the Act) regarding
access to information you can lodge a complaint with the MPS to have the
decision reviewed.

Complaints should be made in writing, within forty (40) working days from
the date of the refusal notice, and addressed to:

FOI Complaint
Information Rights Unit
PO Box 57192
London
SW6 1SF
[email address]

In all possible circumstances the MPS will aim to respond to your
complaint within 20 working days.
The Information Commissioner

After lodging a complaint with the MPS if you are still dissatisfied with
the decision you may make application to the Information Commissioner for
a decision on whether the request for information has been dealt with in
accordance with the requirements of the Act.

For information on how to make application to the Information Commissioner
please visit their website at www.informationcommissioner.gov.uk.
 Alternatively, phone or write to:

Information Commissioner's Office
Wycliffe House
Water Lane
Wilmslow
Cheshire
SK9 5AF
Phone:  01625 545 700

Consider our environment - please do not print this email unless
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NOTICE - This email and any attachments may be confidential, subject to
copyright and/or legal privilege and are intended solely for the use of
the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
notify the sender and delete it from your system.  To avoid incurring
legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

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Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

Case reference: 2018010000663

Dear Mr Rush,

With reference to your outstanding request, this is an update to advise
that I have chased a response again on Tuesday of this week and was
advised by an analyst that work is still ongoing to retrieve the data.
 The analyst who had started work on this request has been on sick leave
and another analyst has been trying to assist, however, he has had some
issues with the system which crashed on two occasions when he attempted to
run the data.  He has assured me that he will continue trying.

I have requested an update today and hope that we will be able to fulfil
the request without much further delay.

Once again, I apologise for the lengthy delay in responding to this
request and I thank you for your continued patience in the matter.

Kind regards,

Suzanne Mason
Information Rights Unit

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the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
notify the sender and delete it from your system.  To avoid incurring
legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

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Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

Case reference: 2018010000663

Dear Mr Rush,

I have now had a response from the analyst.  They have extracted the data
and advised the following re: Questions 1 & 2, and are seeking
clarification from you regarding Questions 3-6:

Questions 1 & 2
These will be cost refused due to the fact that Custody do not record
arrest locations by borough, therefore all 'knife-related' records will
have to be read and the number recorded runs into several thousands.

Questions 3,4,5,6
The data is now available and the analyst is assuming that the request is
for 'all' stop-and-search rather than just relating to knives.  Please
confirm if so.  The analyst can provide raw data (with names removed) - if
this is acceptable, please let me know.
Re: Question 6, if the data is split by every variable (gender, race, age)
it will be difficult to read.  The analyst has therefore suggested
grouping the data into 9 columns, which you will be able to arrange in
Excel as you wish:

 1. Year
 2. Month
 3. Gender
 4. Age group
 5. Ethnic appearance
 6. Self-defined ethnicity (EA and SDE are included as you have not
specified)
 7. Outcome (arrest or other)
 8. Illegal Item found (only used from July 2015 onwards)
 9. Sum of stop-and-searches

I look forward to hearing from you at your convenience and I apologise
once again for the length of time that this has taken and thank you for
your patience in the matter.

Kind regards,

Suzanne Mason
Information Rights Unit

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absolutely necessary.

NOTICE - This email and any attachments may be confidential, subject to
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the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
notify the sender and delete it from your system.  To avoid incurring
legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

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Dear Metropolitan Police Service (MPS),

Yes that will be fine. Thank you for your response and I look forward to receiving the data.

Yours faithfully,

Andy Rush

Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

Case reference: 2018010000663
Dear Mr Rush,

This is just a quick update to let you know that I have now received some
data from the analyst, which I have sent off for approval. This may take a
few days, as there is a considerable amount of data to review.  

I will, however, be out of office tomorrow, returning next Wednesday 28th
March, which should give the approver enough time to review and respond to
me.  

In the meantime however, I wanted to let you know that we are working to
finalise the matter over the next few days.  

Thank you once again for your continued patience and I look forward to
sending you a response very soon.

Kind regards,

Suzanne Mason
Information Rights Unit

Consider our environment - please do not print this email unless
absolutely necessary.

NOTICE - This email and any attachments may be confidential, subject to
copyright and/or legal privilege and are intended solely for the use of
the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
notify the sender and delete it from your system.  To avoid incurring
legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

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Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

1 Attachment

Case reference: 2018010000663

Dear Mr Rush,

Freedom of Information Request Reference No: 2018010000663

I write in connection with your request for information which was received
by the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) on 19 January 2018.  

Please accept my sincere apologies once again for the length of time that
it has taken to provide the information requested and thank you for your
patience in the matter.

I note you seek access to the following information:

I would like to request this information, if possible:
 1) The number of people under the age of 18 arrested in Croydon for
carrying knives for each year over the last 5 years.
 2) Number of people arrested between ages of 18-24 for carrying knives
for each year over the past 5 years.
 3) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken
down into age categories for each year over the past 5 years and the
percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in
finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120
suspects aged between 18-24 in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal
articles).
 4) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken
down into race categories for each year over the past 5 years and the
percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in
finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120 on
Caucasian suspects in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal articles)
 5) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken
down into gender categories for each year over the past 5 years and the
percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were successful in
finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years. (I.e. 120 on
male suspects in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45% found illegal articles).
 6) The number of stop and searches conducted on people in Croydon broken
down into gender, race and age categories for each year over the past 5
years and the percentage of these that led to arrest and, separately, were
successful in finding illegal articles for each year for the past 5 years.
(I.e. 120 black males under 18 years-old in 2016, 33% led to arrest, 45%
found illegal articles).
 Clarified on 17/01/2018:
 If you could present the information in calendar years  and also broken
down into each different month if possible.

I wrote to you on 19 March 2018 explaining that the analyst was unable to
respond to Questions 1 & 2 because the cost of retrieving the data would
exceed the appropriate limit.  However, we have asked the analyst to
consider whether data can be provided on people who have been 'processed'
at Croydon and not necessarily arrested in Croydon (as detainees are
usually taken to the closest 'available' custody suite, which may not
necessarily be in the borough in which they were arrested).  I am awaiting
a response from the analyst, but did not wish to delay a response to you
any further, hence I am forwarding the data that I have already obtained.

I also explained in my message to you on 19 March 2018 that the
information requested in Questions 3,4,5 & 6, could be considered,
however, the analyst had offered a suggestion to group the data into 9
columns for ease of reference, which was different to the format
requested.

You agreed to a redefined request and the suggested format on 19 March
2018 with the following message:

Yes that will be fine. Thank you for your response and I look forward to
receiving the data.

SEARCHES TO LOCATE INFORMATION
To locate the information relevant to your request searches were conducted
within the MPS.  The searches located information relevant to your
request.

DECISION
I have today decided to disclose the located information to Questions
3,4,5 & 6 to you as agreed.

Where you have requested race, the analyst has recorded both ethnic
appearance as decided by the officer and the search subject's self-defined
ethnicity (SDE).  A person searched is under no obligation to state what
SDE they are, but if they do, it must be recorded as stated.

Age is routinely asked and often given but not always, as a search subject
could decline.

With reference to whether an illegal item was found, the Crimint system
only began to capture this data from July 2015.  It captures whether the
object of the search was found or whether another illegal item was found.
 It is possible that there will be cases where the search subject was
arrested resulting from the search but no illegal item was found.  This
might be because they committed another offence, or checks revealed that
they were wanted - it would be impossible to know without reading every
record, which would exceed the appropriate cost limit.

With regard to how many stop-and-searches resulted in arrests, the analyst
has supplied all outcomes - some are low volume and some have been removed
from the system (e.g., historically No Further Action, Warned).  The
analyst has also included all outcomes to give a sense of what other
actions are taken as an alternative to arrest, e.g., a drugs warning,
penalty notice, community resolution or a postal charge.

The MPS remains committed to targeting knife crime through enforcement and
education but have said for some time that help is needed from the
community to tackle what is a very complex issue.

Young people who carry knives are doing so for a variety of reasons which
are not always gang-related, including status, criminality and
self-protection. But the truth is that if you carry a knife, or you are
with someone who does, you are more likely to be stabbed yourself.

Local and specialist teams work around the clock on knife crime. They
target habitual gun and knife carriers, undertake searches for weapons,
talk to young people in schools, and engage with the public at large about
the role we all have to play to prevent such crime. However, the police
cannot solve gun and knife crime alone.

Our primary approach has been to work with schools to educate pupils about
the dangers and consequences of carrying a weapon. However, with the
support of schools we have also used electronic screening devices to try
and identify pupils carrying weapons. We have also conducted covert
operations to identify shops located near to schools selling knives to
children.

We continue to work closely with communities and are looking at where
weapons are being sold and who is buying them. This work involves close
liaison with Trading Standards and retailers; we are asking them to
challenge youngsters purchasing knives.

The MPS has significant youth engagement with 9000 young people weekly
through workshops on knife and gun crime, gang and territorial issues,
healthy living, drugs awareness, sexual health, personal safety

Should you have any further enquiries concerning this matter, please
contact me via email at [email address], quoting the reference
number above.

Kind regards,

Suzanne Mason
Information Rights Unit

 
In complying with their statutory duty under sections 1 and 11 of the
Freedom of Information Act 2000 to release the enclosed information, the
Metropolitan Police Service will not breach the Copyright, Designs and
Patents Act 1988. However, the rights of the copyright owner of the
enclosed information will continue to be protected by law.  Applications
for the copyright owner's written permission to reproduce any part of the
attached information should be addressed to MPS Directorate of Legal
Services, 10 Lambs Conduit Street, London, WC1N 3NR.
 

COMPLAINT RIGHTS

Are you unhappy with how your request has been handled or do you think the
decision is incorrect?

You have the right to require the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) to
review their decision.

Prior to lodging a formal complaint you are welcome to discuss the
response with the case officer who dealt with your request.  

Complaint
If you are dissatisfied with the handling procedures or the decision of
the MPS made under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (the Act) regarding
access to information you can lodge a complaint with the MPS to have the
decision reviewed.

Complaints should be made in writing, within forty (40) working days from
the date of the refusal notice, and addressed to:

FOI Complaint
Information Rights Unit
PO Box 57192
London
SW6 1SF
[email address]

In all possible circumstances the MPS will aim to respond to your
complaint within 20 working days.

The Information Commissioner
After lodging a complaint with the MPS if you are still dissatisfied with
the decision you may make application to the Information Commissioner for
a decision on whether the request for information has been dealt with in
accordance with the requirements of the Act.

For information on how to make application to the Information Commissioner
please visit their website at www.ico.org.uk.  Alternatively, write to or
phone:

Information Commissioner's Office
Wycliffe House
Water Lane
Wilmslow
Cheshire
SK9 5AF
Phone: 0303 123 1113

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