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Kerb-crawling and soliciting arrests/convictions

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Dear West Midlands Police,

I am writing to make an open government request for all the information to which I am entitled under the Freedom of Information Act 2000.

Would you be able to respond with the following information:

1) What is the number of arrests and convictions that your force holds for the following two offences over the last ten years? (2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017.)

A) Arrests for kerb-crawling each year and fines or convictions, giving the amount fined in each case if possible and the nature of the conviction.

B) Soliciting (selling) prostitution in public, giving exact number of arrests per year, as well as exactly what was the charge and conviction was (e.g. what exact sentence or fine the offence resulted in.)

If this request is too wide or unclear, I would be grateful if you could contact me as I understand that under the Act, you are required to advise and assist requesters. If any of this information is already in the public domain, please can you direct me to it, with page references and URLs if necessary.

If the release of any of this information is prohibited on the grounds of breach of confidence, I ask that you supply me with copies of the confidentiality agreement and remind you that information should not be treated as confidential if such an agreement has not been signed.

I understand that you are required to respond to my request within the 20 working days after you receive this letter. I would be grateful if you could confirm in writing that you have received this request.

I look forward to hearing from you.

Yours faithfully,

Phoebe Cooke

Freedom of Information,

Please accept this as an acknowledgement of receipt of your e-mail by the
Freedom of Information Unit.
 
If your email is a valid request for information under the Freedom of
Information Act, your request will be dealt with within the legislative
deadline of 20 working days.  Should we be unable to meet this deadline
for any reason you will be notified as soon as possible.
 
Please note that if your email is a request is for your own personal data
you should make a subject access request to the Data Protection Unit.  You
can do this by completing a WA162 form, which is available on the West
Midlands Police website.  Search the West Midlands Police website for
'Subject Access' or go directly to this page:
[1]https://www.west-midlands.police.uk/abou...
 
If you require further information please contact 101 and ask for the
Freedom of Information Unit.
 
You might find what you are looking for on our website:
[2]http://foi.west-midlands.police.uk/
 
If you have information about any crime, you can contact us on the
non-emergency number: 101.
 
In an emergency, for example where life is in danger or a crime in
progress, call 999.

This email is intended for the addressee only and may contain privileged
or confidential information. If received in error, please notify the
originator immediately. Any unauthorised use, disclosure, copying or
alteration of this email is strictly forbidden. Views or opinions
expressed in this email do not necessarily represent those of West
Midlands Police. All West Midlands Police email activity is monitored for
virus, racist, obscene, or otherwise inappropriate activity. No
responsibility is accepted by West Midlands Police for any loss or damage
arising in any way from the receipt or use of this email.

References

Visible links
1. https://www.west-midlands.police.uk/abou...
2. http://foi.west-midlands.police.uk/

Freedom of Information,

Dear Ms Cooke

 

FOI Request Reference: 019496/18

 

Thank you for your request for information, received 31/10/2018

 

REQUEST

 

Dear West Midlands Police,

 

I am writing to make an open government request for all the information to
which I am entitled under the Freedom of Information Act 2000.

 

Would you be able to respond with the following information?

 

1) What is the number of arrests and convictions that your force holds for
the following two offences over the last ten years? (2008, 2009, 2010,
2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017.)

 

A) Arrests for kerb-crawling each year and fines or convictions, giving
the amount fined in each case if possible and the nature of the
conviction.

 

B) Soliciting (selling) prostitution in public, giving exact number of
arrests per year, as well as exactly what was the charge and conviction
was (e.g. what exact sentence or fine the offence resulted in.)

 

RESPONSE

 

Our data are not organised in such a way as to allow us to provide this
information within the appropriate (cost) limit within the Freedom of
Information (FOI) Act (see ‘Reason for Decision’ below).Information in
relation to conviction information is not routinely fed back into our
systems and would require a manual search of each record to see if any
information is recorded.

 

However rather than refusing your request outright at this stage, I would
like to explore with you how West Midlands Police may best assist you to
request relevant information which we hold. Within the cost limit we could
the conduct the following searches

 

1) The number of arrests and the Disposal of the arrest for the following
two offences over the last ten years? (2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013,
2014, 2015, 2016, 2017.)

 

A) Arrests for kerb-crawling each year.

 

B) Soliciting (selling) prostitution in public.

 

Please note that any located information might be subject to the
application of exemptions under the Act

 

To enable us to proceed with your request I would be grateful if you could
confirm whether you wish us to undertake the search outlined above. After
receiving your reply, your request will be considered and you will receive
a response within the statutory timescale of 20 working days, as defined
by the Act, subject to the application of any statutory exemptions. If you
chose not to respond then your request will remain unanswered.

 

 

REASON FOR DECISION

 

Please note that researching each individual case would exceed the
appropriate limit (FOIA, s.12).

 

The cost of compliance with the whole of your request is above the amount
to which we are legally required to respond, i.e. the cost of locating and
retrieving the information would exceed the appropriate costs limit under
section 12(1) of the FOI Act 2000. For West Midlands Police, the
appropriate limit is set at £450, as prescribed by the Freedom of
Information and Data Protection (Appropriate Limit and Fees) Regulations
2004, S.I. 3244.

 

Further information on section 12 of FOI is available here:

 

https://www.app.college.police.uk/app-co...

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

For further information and data on West Midlands Police see our
publication scheme and disclosure log

 

[1]http://foi.west-midlands.police.uk/

 

RIGHT OF APPEAL

 

Your attention is drawn to your right to request a re-examination of your
case under West Midlands Police review procedure, which can be found at:

 

[2]http://foi.west-midlands.police.uk/revie...

 

Please note that such an appeal must be received within 40 working days of
the date of this correspondence. Any such request received after this time
will only be considered at the discretion of the FOI Unit.

 

If you require any further information, then please do not hesitate to
contact me.

 

Yours sincerely,

 

 

Michelle Richardson

Freedom Of Information Unit

Corporate Communications

To report crime and anti-social behaviour which does not require an
emergency response, please call 101. In an emergency, dial 999

Landline  Call 101 Ext 801 2068

[3][email address]

Website:    [4]http://www.west-midlands.police.uk/ 

WMNow:      [5]www.wmnow.co.uk/

Twitter:       [6]www.twitter.com/wmpolice 

Facebook:  [7]www.facebook.com/westmidlandspolice

YouTube:    [8]www.youtube.com/westmidlandspolice

Flickr:         [9]www.flickr.com/westmidlandspolice 

[10]View all our social network links

Our vision: Preventing crime, protecting the public and helping those in
need.

 

This email is intended for the addressee only and may contain privileged
or confidential information. If received in error, please notify the
originator immediately. Any unauthorised use, disclosure, copying or
alteration of this email is strictly forbidden. Views or opinions
expressed in this email do not necessarily represent those of West
Midlands Police. All West Midlands Police email activity is monitored for
virus, racist, obscene, or otherwise inappropriate activity. No
responsibility is accepted by West Midlands Police for any loss or damage
arising in any way from the receipt or use of this email.

References

Visible links
1. http://foi.west-midlands.police.uk/
2. http://foi.west-midlands.police.uk/revie...
3. mailto:[email address]
4. http://www.west-midlands.police.uk/
5. https://www.wmnow.co.uk/
6. http://www.twitter.com/wmpolice
7. http://www.facebook.com/westmidlandspolice
8. http://www.youtube.com/westmidlandspolice
9. http://www.flickr.com/westmidlandspolice
10. http://www.west-midlands.police.uk/conta...

Dear Freedom of Information,

Thank you for your response.

Would I be be able to amend my request so that it falls within the cost boundaries, and mean you could look into it still?

1) I am aware that you do not hold information on convictions, so withdraw that aspect of my request.

2) Can I also amend the requestconcerning the dates involved, to keep down your costs? Instead, could you look for arrests and disposals of arrest regarding kerb-crawling and soliciting in 2008, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2017? That should hopefully reduce the cost involved?

Please let me know if that makes sense - I look forward to your response.

Yours sincerely,

Phoebe

Dear Freedom of Information,

Thank you for your response.

Is there a way you could respond to some of this request and stay within the amount that would cost?

For example, could you look into arrests, but not convictions?

Please confirm whether this would be possible. As you can appreciate it would be preferable to find out some of this information, rather than none at all.

Yours sincerely,

Phoebe

Freedom of Information,

Dear Ms Cooke ,

Thank you for your e-mail. I have received 2 correspondences from you in relation to this request .

E-mail received 16/11/2018 and 20/11/2018

Which details - can I also amend the request concerning the dates involved, to keep down your costs? Instead, could you look for arrests and disposals of arrest regarding kerb-crawling and soliciting in 2008, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2017? That should hopefully reduce the cost involved?

E-mail received 20/11/2018
Which details -
Is there a way you could respond to some of this request and stay within the amount that would cost?

For example, could you look into arrests, but not convictions?

Please confirm whether this would be possible. As you can appreciate it would be preferable to find out some of this information, rather than none at all.

My original response to you detailed the searches we could complete within the cost limit.

1) The number of arrests and the Disposal of the arrest for the following two offences over the last ten years? (2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017.)

A) Arrests for kerb-crawling each year.

B) Soliciting (selling) prostitution in public.

Please note that any located information might be subject to the application of exemptions under the Act

To enable us to proceed with your request I would be grateful if you could confirm whether you wish us to undertake the search outlined above. After receiving your reply, your request will be considered and you will receive a response within the statutory timescale of 20 working days, as defined by the Act, subject to the application of any statutory exemptions. If you chose not to respond then your request will remain unanswered.

Kind regards

Michelle

Michelle Richardson
Freedom Of Information Unit
Corporate Communications

To report crime and anti-social behaviour which does not require an emergency response, please call 101. In an emergency, dial 999

Landline Ext 801 2068

Website: http://www.west-midlands.police.uk/
WMNow: www.wmnow.co.uk/
Twitter: www.twitter.com/wmpolice
Facebook: www.facebook.com/westmidlandspolice
YouTube: www.youtube.com/westmidlandspolice
Flickr: www.flickr.com/westmidlandspolice

View all our social network links

Our vision: Preventing crime, protecting the public and helping those in need.

show quoted sections

Dear West Midlands Police,

Thanks very much for your response.

I would be very happy for you to go ahead with your original response regarding the searches you are able to complete within the cost limit.

Just to confirm, your suggestions were the following:

1) The number of arrests and the Disposal of the arrest for the following two offences over the last ten years? (2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017.)

A) Arrests for kerb-crawling each year.

B) Soliciting (selling) prostitution in public.

Are you able to confirm you have my response that you will go ahead with this request?

Thanks very much for your help.

Best wishes,

Phoebe Cooke

Freedom of Information,

Dear Ms Cooke,

 

 

FOI Request Reference: 21615/18

 

Thank you for your request for information, received 22/11/2018

 

REQUEST

 

1) The number of arrests and the Disposal of the arrest for the following
two offences over the last ten years? (2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013,
2014, 2015, 2016, 2017.)

 

A) Arrests for kerb-crawling each year.

 

B) Soliciting (selling) prostitution in public.

 

RESPONSE

 

Please find enclosed our response.

 

Please note that these data should be interpreted with caution. Comparing
numbers of incidents/crimes can be misleading and does not necessarily
indicate the likelihood of someone being a victim of crime. In addition,
the number of incidents/crimes recorded in an area over a period of time
can be influenced by a number of factors. Consequently statistics on
incidents/crimes for one period may not necessarily be a good indicator of
future incidents in that area.

 

Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and
complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been
extracted from a number of data sources used by forces for police
purposes. The detail collected to respond specifically to your request is
subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.
As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes
and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when interpreting
those data.

 

The figures provided therefore are our best interpretation of relevance of
data to your request, but you should be aware that the collation of
figures for ad hoc requests may have limitations and this should be taken
into account when those data are used.

 

Soliciting

 

Soliciting Disposal Code
No Grand
Arrest Insufficient Further Total
Years Only Cautioned Charged Evidence Action Pending
2008 3 31 42 1 13   90
2009   135 104   33   272
2010   60 43   23 1 127
2011   18 7   3   28
2012   2 18   1   21
2013   2 12   2   16
2014     2   2   4
2015     2   1   3
2018         1   1
Grand Total 3 248 230 1 79 1 562

 

Kerb Crawling

 

Kerb Crawling Disposal Code Grand Total
*Years Cautioned Charged No Further Action Pending
2010 6 2 5   13
2012     1   1
2014       1 1
Grand Total 6 2 6 1 15

 

* Where information hasn’t been supplied, for example within Kerb Crawling
some years are not listed. This means we do not have any recorded
information for those years.

 

If you decide to write an article / use the enclosed data we would ask you
to take into consideration the factors highlighted in this document so as
to not mislead members of the public or official bodies, or misrepresent
the relevance of the whole or any part of this disclosed material.

 

As recommended as good practice by the Information Commissioner’s Office a
version of this response may be published on the West Midlands Police
website.

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

For further information and data on West Midlands Police see our
publication scheme and disclosure log

 

[1]http://foi.west-midlands.police.uk/

 

RIGHT OF APPEAL

 

Your attention is drawn to your right to request a re-examination of your
case under West Midlands Police review procedure, which can be found at:

 

[2]http://foi.west-midlands.police.uk/revie...

 

Please note that such an appeal must be received within 40 working days of
the date of this correspondence. Any such request received after this time
will only be considered at the discretion of the FOI Unit.

 

If you require any further information, then please do not hesitate to
contact me.

 

Yours sincerely,

 

 

 

Michelle Richardson

Freedom Of Information Unit

Corporate Communications

To report crime and anti-social behaviour which does not require an
emergency response, please call 101. In an emergency, dial 999

Landline  Call 101 Ext 801 2068

[3][email address]

Website:    [4]http://www.west-midlands.police.uk/ 

WMNow:      [5]www.wmnow.co.uk/

Twitter:       [6]www.twitter.com/wmpolice 

Facebook:  [7]www.facebook.com/westmidlandspolice

YouTube:    [8]www.youtube.com/westmidlandspolice

Flickr:         [9]www.flickr.com/westmidlandspolice 

[10]View all our social network links

Our vision: Preventing crime, protecting the public and helping those in
need.

 

This email is intended for the addressee only and may contain privileged
or confidential information. If received in error, please notify the
originator immediately. Any unauthorised use, disclosure, copying or
alteration of this email is strictly forbidden. Views or opinions
expressed in this email do not necessarily represent those of West
Midlands Police. All West Midlands Police email activity is monitored for
virus, racist, obscene, or otherwise inappropriate activity. No
responsibility is accepted by West Midlands Police for any loss or damage
arising in any way from the receipt or use of this email.

References

Visible links
1. http://foi.west-midlands.police.uk/
2. http://foi.west-midlands.police.uk/revie...
3. mailto:[email address]
4. http://www.west-midlands.police.uk/
5. https://www.wmnow.co.uk/
6. http://www.twitter.com/wmpolice
7. http://www.facebook.com/westmidlandspolice
8. http://www.youtube.com/westmidlandspolice
9. http://www.flickr.com/westmidlandspolice
10. http://www.west-midlands.police.uk/conta...

Dear West Midlands Police,

Thank you very much for your response.

I just wondered if that data was available in a table format?

It's what hard to see what goes under which column in the way it's been sent over.

Yours faithfully,

Phoebe

Freedom of Information,

1 Attachment

Good Morning Ms Cooke,

Please find the data tables in the attached document .

Kind regards

Michelle

Michelle Richardson
Freedom Of Information Unit
Corporate Communications
To report crime and anti-social behaviour which does not require an emergency response, please call 101. In an emergency, dial 999
Landline Call 101 Ext 801 2068
[email address]
Website: http://www.west-midlands.police.uk/
WMNow: www.wmnow.co.uk/
Twitter: www.twitter.com/wmpolice
Facebook: www.facebook.com/westmidlandspolice
YouTube: www.youtube.com/westmidlandspolice
Flickr: www.flickr.com/westmidlandspolice
View all our social network links
Our vision: Preventing crime, protecting the public and helping those in need.

show quoted sections

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