FOI

Kate Plummer made this Freedom of Information request to Essex Police

This request has been closed to new correspondence from the public body. Contact us if you think it ought be re-opened.

The request was refused by Essex Police.

To whom it concerns,

I would like to request the following information.

1. How many people were arrested for begging in a) 2016 b) 2017 c) 2018 d) any data for 2019?

2. How many a) Islamophobic b) sexist c) antisemitic d) homophobic crimes were recorded by the police in i) 2016 ii) 2017 iii) 2018 iv) 2019? I would like a breakdown of what these crimes were.

3. What is the area's homeless population?

Best wishes,

Kate Plummer

Info Rights Freedom Essex, Essex Police

1 Attachment

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above
reference. 

 

Under the Freedom of Information Act we are required to reply within 20
working days.  The Act does not specify a limit to the number of
information requests a public authority may receive or the number of
requests or questions an applicant may submit.  However, there are
exemptions in the Act that can apply and these include where the cost of
complying with the request would extend beyond the reasonable cost limit,
(currently 18 hours or £450), or if the request is otherwise manifestly
unreasonable in its scope or nature. 

 

Requests that ask a great many questions, or a number of detailed requests
submitted at the same time, may make it necessary for Essex Police to
refuse the requests wholly or in part.  The exemption at Section 14 may be
engaged if the burden on the authority is increased through multiple
requests on differing subjects.

 

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has responsibility for
providing oversight and guidance for the legislation and they have
produced advice for applicants on submitting effective requests.  Further
information can be found on the Commissioner’s website at www.ico.gov.uk
specific information relating to submitting a request can be found at:
https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/offici...

 

While we process your request, please take the time to consider the ICO’s
advice and whether you feel it may be beneficial to amend or refine your
request. Our team is happy to discuss your request with you and will be
able to provide advice as to what kind of information will be available
from Essex Police.

 

Please ensure all future enquiries are sent to the
[email address] mail box.

 

Kind regards

 

 

Information Management Department | Information Rights Section | Essex
Police

Telephone: 01245 452647 | Email: [1][email address]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA  (for Sat Nav directions,
use CM2 6DN for HQ)

[2]cid:image001.png@01D4EA0F.18BBB1F0

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests: 
[3]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to:  [4]info.rights.freedom@essex. police.uk

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

 

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner.  Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [5]https://ico.org.uk/

 

 

 

show quoted sections

Info Rights Freedom Essex, Essex Police

2 Attachments

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above
reference.

 

Section 1 of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOIA) places two duties
on public authorities. Unless exemptions apply, the first duty at Section
1(1)(a) is to confirm or deny whether the information specified in a
request is held. The second duty at Section 1(1)(b) is to disclose
information that has been confirmed as being held. Where exemptions are
relied upon Section 17 of the FOIA requires that we provide the applicant
with a notice which: a) states that fact b) specifies the exemption(s) in
question and c) states (if that would not otherwise be apparent) why the
exemption applies.

 

In respect of your enquiry:

 

I would like to request the following information.

 

1. How many people were arrested for begging in a) 2016 b) 2017 c) 2018 d)
any data for 2019?

 

2. How many a) Islamophobic b) sexist c) antisemitic d) homophobic crimes
were recorded by the police in i) 2016 ii) 2017 iii) 2018 iv) 2019? I
would like a breakdown of what these crimes were.

 

3. What is the area's homeless population?

 

Having completed enquiries within Essex Police in respect of Section
1(1)(a), Essex Police does hold information relating to your request,
however, the obligation of Section 1(1)(b) cannot be met as Essex Police
does not hold all the information requested in a format that allows it to
be retrieved within the time and cost limits of FOI.

 

When responding to a request for information under the terms of the FOIA,
a public authority is not obliged to provide information if the authority
estimates that the cost of the retrieval of the information requested
would be in excess of £450 (equivalent to 18 hours work). The costs
criteria relates to a request in its entirety, which means that if we
cannot retrieve all of the information requested within the costs limit,
we are not obliged to retrieve any of the information requested.

 

Section 12(1) of the FOIA states that a public authority is not obliged
to:

 

“…comply with a request for information if the authority estimates that
the cost of complying with the request would exceed the appropriate
limit.”

 

The following explanation outlines the difficulty Essex Police has in
answering your request:

 

In relation to Question 1, Essex Police have estimated that we would not
be able to provide all the details requested in your submission. In terms
of Freedom of Information, I am afraid that the specific information you
were seeking access to in respect of how many people were arrested for
begging for the requested period is not held by Essex Police in what is
referred to as in a readily accessible format, that is to say, this data
is not extractable from a central database or held in a spreadsheet.
Various arrests can be extracted from our custody system, however, begging
or vagrancy offences (Vagrant – being found in or upon enclosed premises)
are captured under a category labelled ‘other’ and these arrests cannot be
extracted easily from our systems in what is referred to as in a readily
accessible format. Sorting or filtering data sources or running a database
query tool will not provide all the level of data required. This process
would exceed the time and costs limits and in addition qualify as creation
of data as the results cannot be processed by means of sorting or
filtering data sources or running a database query tool. There is no
requirement under the act for this to be carried out to answer questions
within a FOI request.

 

It may be that individuals have been arrested for another offence in
addition to vagrancy, however, as explained above this would require the
manual examination of individuals who have multiple offences to establish
the outcome and again this would exceed the time and cost limits under the
act and would entail the creation of data to achieve the answers required.

 

Consequently, and to this extent, Essex Police are exempt from the duty to
provide information you have requested under the provisions of Section
12(1) of the FOIA. Therefore, and in accordance with Section 17(1) of the
FOIA, this communication must act as a refusal notice to provide all of
the information that could be interpreted as being captured by this part
of your request.

 

Having said that, and in an effort to assist, although excess cost removes
the force’s obligations under the FOIA, Essex Police can confirm the below
and attached in relation to Question 2:

 

Please note, as it is not recorded as a specific crime type, Essex Police
are unable to provide figures for crimes involving ‘Sexism’.

 

Every effort is made to ensure that figures provided are accurate and
complete, however, Essex Police systems are designed primarily for the
management of individual cases and not primarily for the production of
statistical information. Please note although data can be extracted from a
number of sources via database queries the results are subject to
inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system and could also
be inaccurate as a result of free text entry fields. Care should be taken
to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are
taken into account when interpreting data.

 

Section 16(1) of the FOIA provides that a public authority is required to
provide advice and assistance, Essex Police as a matter of course do not
arrest street beggars under the Vagrancy Act 1824. The general approach is
to engage with those individuals, signpost them to other agencies for
housing support, where necessary, or look to move them on. Obviously stop
and search is recorded, however, not all street interaction is and again
to establish individual records and if individuals were homeless or not
and begging would exceed time and cost limit under the act. Local
authorities may also issue Community Protection Notices (CPN’s) and
Community Protection Warnings (CPW’s), therefore, it may be beneficial if
you contact them. If required, we do have details of those with Community
Accreditation.

 

You may also find the below links of interest in relation to Question 3:

 

[1]https://www.homeless.org.uk/facts-figures

 

[2]https://www.gov.uk/government/collection...

 

Thank you for your interest in Essex Police and we are sorry that we have
not been able to provide the information you have requested on this
occasion. If you do require further information a new request will need to
be submitted and the request will be dealt with accordingly.

 

Kind regards

 

 

Information Management Department | Information Rights Section | Essex
Police

Telephone: 01245 452647 | Email: [3][Essex Police request email]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA  (for Sat Nav directions,
use CM2 6DN for HQ)

[4]cid:image001.png@01D4EA0F.18BBB1F0

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests: 
[5]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to:  [6]info.rights.freedom@essex. police.uk

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

 

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner.  Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [7]https://ico.org.uk/

 

 

From: Info Rights Freedom Essex
Sent: 13 September 2019 14:45
To: 'Kate Plummer' <[FOI #603559 email]>
Subject: RE: FOI 13641 Arrests for Begging/Recorded Crimes Various

 

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above
reference.

 

Under the Freedom of Information Act we are required to reply within 20
working days. The Act does not specify a limit to the number of
information requests a public authority may receive or the number of
requests or questions an applicant may submit. However, there are
exemptions in the Act that can apply and these include where the cost of
complying with the request would extend beyond the reasonable cost limit,
(currently 18 hours or £450), or if the request is otherwise manifestly
unreasonable in its scope or nature.

 

Requests that ask a great many questions, or a number of detailed requests
submitted at the same time, may make it necessary for Essex Police to
refuse the requests wholly or in part. The exemption at Section 14 may be
engaged if the burden on the authority is increased through multiple
requests on differing subjects.

 

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has responsibility for
providing oversight and guidance for the legislation and they have
produced advice for applicants on submitting effective requests. Further
information can be found on the Commissioner’s website at
[8]www.ico.gov.uk specific information relating to submitting a request
can be found at:
[9]https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/offici...

 

While we process your request, please take the time to consider the ICO’s
advice and whether you feel it may be beneficial to amend or refine your
request. Our team is happy to discuss your request with you and will be
able to provide advice as to what kind of information will be available
from Essex Police.

 

Please ensure all future enquiries are sent to the
[10][Essex Police request email] mail box.

 

Kind regards

 

 

Information Management Department | Information Rights Section | Essex
Police

Telephone: 01245 452647 | Email: [11][Essex Police request email]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA (for Sat Nav directions, use
CM2 6DN for HQ)

[12]cid:image001.png@01D4EA0F.18BBB1F0

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests:
[13]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to: [14]info.rights.freedom@essex. police.uk

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

 

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner. Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [15]https://ico.org.uk/

 

 

 

show quoted sections