Country and regional public sector finances: financial year ending 2017 APD allocations to Scotland and Gatwick (located in region South East)

Richard Murphy made this Freedom of Information request to Office for National Statistics

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Dear Office for National Statistics,
Country and regional public sector finances: financial year ending 2017

You published information regarding Air Passenger Duty revenues for countries and regions in the following
https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/governmen...

Allocation of APD for example
£36m South East of England
£245 Scotland

Upon browsing Airport Statistics 2017
https://www.caa.co.uk/Data-and-analysis/...

Size of UK Airports
Gatwick (South East)= 43,114,888 passenger traffic
Scotland (17 Airports) = 26,943,412 passenger traffic
https://www.caa.co.uk/uploadedFiles/CAA/...

Domestic Passenger Traffic
Gatwick = 3,868,781
Scotland = 12,510,866
https://www.caa.co.uk/uploadedFiles/CAA/...

EU and Other International Passenger Traffic
Gatwick = 39,245,222 ( EU 28,237,546, Other International 11,007,676)
Scotland = 14,422,878 ( EU 11,319,916, Other International 3,102,962)
https://www.caa.co.uk/uploadedFiles/CAA/...

International Route Analysis Passenger Traffic (of Band A , Band B)
Gatwick = 39,271,753 (Band A 32,086,934, Band B 7,184,766)
Scotland = 14,416,857 (Band A 12,933,202, Band B 1,482,760)
https://www.caa.co.uk/uploadedFiles/CAA/...

My FOI question is as follows

What formula is used to determine APD for Scotland compared to Gatwick Airport (which is located in The South East)
£245m for Scotland
£36m for South East of England

My estimate of Band A Passenger Traffic
Gatwick = 36m (4m domestic + 32m International)
Scotland = 25m (12m domestic + 13m International)

My estimate of Band B Passenger Traffic
Gatwick = 7m
Scotland = 1.5m

Source of allocated APD revenue:
Table S9
https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/governmen...

Yours faithfully,

Richard Murphy

ONS FoI Team, Office for National Statistics

Thank you for your recent FoI request to the Office for National
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Freedom of Information Team
Office for National Statistics

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FOI Team, Office for National Statistics

Our Reference: FOI 4401

Dear Richard,

Thank you for your email requesting data pertaining to the formula used to
calculate air passenger duty.

I am writing to confirm that the Office for National Statistics has now
completed its search for the information which you requested and the
response can be found here:
[1]https://www.ons.gov.uk/aboutus/transpare...

You have the right to have this response to your freedom of information
request reviewed internally by an internal review process and, if you
remain unhappy with the decision, by the Information Commissioner. If you
would like to have the decision reviewed please write to The FoI Team,
Room 1100, Office for National Statistics, Segensworth Road, Titchfield
PO15 5RR, and mark your correspondence "Internal Review".

If you have any queries about this email, please contact the Freedom of
Information Team ('[ONS request email]')

Please remember to quote the reference number above in any future
communications.

Freedom of Information Team
Office for National Statistics For information on the work of the UK
Statistics Authority, visit: http://www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk

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Legal Disclaimer: Any views expressed by the sender of this message are
not necessarily those of the UK Statistics Authority
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Dear FOI Team,

Thanks for your reply!

A few points
I'm willing to give your team a second chance to provide honest and accurate data - otherwise an internal review will be instigated.

Gatwick Airport?

Greater London?

You stated:
“One of the differences between the estimates you have derived and those we compiled is that we include Gatwick in Nomenclature of Units for Territorial Statistics: NUTS1 region, Greater London.”

Firstly, in my opinion no such NUTS1 region ‘Greater London’ exists.

A search of the NUTS pdf returns Greater Manchester, but not Greater London.

Link to evidence:
"Regions in the European Union - Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics - NUTS 2013/EU-28
This document presents the current NUTS nomenclature, which subdivides the territory of the European Union into 98 regions at NUTS level 1, 276 at NUTS level 2 and 1 342 at NUTS level 3. The NUTS is the official division of the EU for regional statistics. The regional breakdown can be visualised on maps, country by country."

Website
https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/produc...
Downloadable pdf
https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/...

furthermore, you state:
"The country and regional public sector finances statistics are neither reflective of the annual devolved budget settlements nor are these data used when calculating devolved budget settlements.
They may not be an accurate representation of public finances should fiscal powers be fully devolved among UK countries and regions.
Furthermore, they do not provide information on the spending and revenue of individual country or regional bodies such as the Greater London Authority."

key words = they do not provide information on the spending and revenue of individual country or regional bodies such as the Greater London Authority!

(Page 3 of 52)
https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/governmen...

Secondly, paragraph 1, page 4:
The geographic boundaries used for countries and regions in the UK follows the Nomenclature of Units forTerritorial Statistics: NUTS1 definitions.
Link opens this page:
https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/nuts/b...
(Page 4 of 52)
https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/governmen...

Thirdly,
Luton Airport is located in NUTS1 region East of England:

“In the financial year ending (FYE) 2017, revenue from APD for the whole of the UK was £3.2 billion. Almost 50% (£1.6 billion) of this was raised from airports located in London (Heathrow, Gatwick, London City, Luton and Biggin Hill). According to the Civil Aviation Authority’s (CAA) departing passenger survey reports, Heathrow and Gatwick airports receive the most passenger traffic; in 2017 over 50%1 of all departing passengers travelled through these two airports.”

(Page 23 of 52)
https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/governmen...

Please provide updated revenue tables based on NUTS1 regions?
(London minus the Gatwick and Luton totals and revenues, South East with £535m increase revenue, East of England with increased revenue generated by Luton airport)
Please provide complete data (using Gatwick provided data format) for each and every airport in the UK (I can assign said airports myself to the correct regions if you are unable to do so) in csv or excel format?

If a new FOI request is needed - please feel free to inform me.

Yours sincerely,

Richard Murphy

Dear FOI Team,

My own estimates based by NUTS1 Country and Regions (plus Channel Island's and Isle of Man)
£44m = North East
£383m = North West
£35m = Yorkshire & Humber
£32m = East Midlands
£131m = West Midlands
£299m = East of England
£1.8bn = London
£531m = South East
£81m = South West
£3.3bn = England
£10m = Wales
£220m = Scotland
£32m = N Ireland
£3.5bn = UK
£20m = Chanell Islands + I.O.M.

Yours sincerely,

Richard Murphy

Dear Office for National Statistics,

Please pass this on to the person who conducts Freedom of Information reviews.

I am writing to request an internal review of Office for National Statistics's handling of my FOI request 'Country and regional public sector finances: financial year ending 2017 APD allocations to Scotland and Gatwick (located in region South East)'.

Please see my response above to the false / misleading reply to my FOI request!

A full history of my FOI request and all correspondence is available on the Internet at this address: https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/c...

Yours faithfully,

Richard Murphy

Dear Office for National Statistics,

Please pass this on to the person who conducts Freedom of Information reviews.

I am writing to request an internal review of Office for National Statistics's handling of my FOI request 'Country and regional public sector finances: financial year ending 2017 APD allocations to Scotland and Gatwick (located in region South East)'.

I would like to request an internal review for the failure to respond to my first request for an internal review!

If subsequently you fail to respond within the next 5 working days, it will be my intention to raise this issue under the rights afforded me under the FOI Act.

A full history of my FOI request and all correspondence is available on the Internet at this address: https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/c...

Yours faithfully,

Richard Murphy

FOI Team, Office for National Statistics

Dear Mr Murphy,

I am writing to apologize for the late acknowledgement of your mail requesting an internal review.

Please let me reassure you that we are already looking into your case and will get back to you as soon as possible.

Yours sincerely,

Tania Bastow

Tania Bastow| Legal and International Services
UK Statistics Authority | Awdurdod Ystadegau’r Deyrnas Unedig | @UKStatsAuth
+44 (0)1329 44 7323 | [email address] | http://www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk

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FOI Team, Office for National Statistics

Dear Mr Murphy,

I am writing in response to your email requesting an internal review of your recent FOI request. I am sorry to hear that you are were unhappy with the response to your request. I have detailed the findings of the internal review below.

You requested information pertaining to the formula/methodology used by the Office for National Statistics to determine Air Passenger Duty (APD) for Scotland compared to Gatwick Airport.

This information was provided to you within the 20 working day limit as set out within the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and no information was withheld from you as per any of the exemptions set out under said legislation. Furthermore, in consideration of the timely and detailed response provided, I feel that it is fair to conclude that reasonable advice and assistance was provided in this instance.

I suggest that you are not necessarily unhappy with our processing of your request or the way it was handled, but rather the content of the information that was provided. That being the case, an internal review is not appropriate. Instead we would suggest that you speak to the relevant business area who provided the information. They have been provided with this correspondence and will contact you in due course. Alternatively you may contact [email address].

If you believe that we have not fulfilled our obligations under the Freedom of Information Act then you have the right to contact the Information Commissioner’s Office at:
Information Commissioner’s Office
Wycliffe House
Water Ln
Wilmslow
SK9 5AF

or [email address]

Kind regards,

FOI team| Legal and International Services
UK Statistics Authority | Awdurdod Ystadegau’r Deyrnas Unedig | @UKStatsAuth
+44 (0)1329 44 7323 | [email address] | http://www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk

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Khatun, Foyzunnesa, Office for National Statistics

Dear Mr. Murphy,

 

Thank you for sharing your estimates of Air Passenger Duty (APD). We
confirm that all estimates in our country and regional public sector
finances, including (APD) are compiled and presented on a [1]Nomenclature
of Units for Territorial Statistics: NUTS1 basis. Our response dated [2]3
June 2019 mistakenly referred to ‘Greater London’ instead of ‘London’, we
apologise for this oversight.  

 

It is correct that our statistics may not provide an accurate
representation of fiscal powers should they be devolved among the UK
countries and regions. Furthermore, they do not provide information on the
spending and revenue of individual country or regional bodies such as the
Greater London Authority (GLA). Our reference to ‘Greater London’ was not
a reference to the GLA, but as noted above an incorrect reference to the
London NUTS1 area.

 

Our allocation of airports to NUTS1 countries and regions is based on the
area they mainly serve. Though we recognise that this method does not
fully align with the NUTS1 location of airports. Our country and regional
public sector finances statistics are [3]experimental statistics and as
such we are continually looking to improve methods and processes,
therefore we will consider the feedback you have provided for future
publications.  

 

We have published, as an [4]ad-hoc request, revenue estimates for those
airports that have been sampled in the Civil Aviation Authorities
departing passenger survey. CAA do not survey each airport every year,
this means that we do not have revenue estimates for all airports in the
UK. For those airports not sampled, we interpolate aggregate values after
allocating them to NUTS1 regions.

 

We would also like to bring to your attention a correction we have made to
the APD estimates in the [5]Country and regional public sector finances
bulletin, financial year ending 2018. Details of the correction and
updated data are available on our website. The main impacts being to
estimates for APD in the East of England and London.

 

To derive the figures you are interested in of London minus Gatwick and
Luton, East of England plus Luton and South East plus Gatwick then you can
use the airport detail provided in the ad-hoc request alongside the
corrected APD data.

 

Kind regards,

Foyz

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Foyzunnesa Khatun|Public Sector Division|Office for National Statistics |
Swyddfa Ystadegau Gwladol

[6][email address] | [7]www.ons.gov.uk| [8]@ONS

 

 

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