Applied Behavioural Analysis

B Saunders made this Freedom of Information request to Leeds City Council

The request was successful.

From: B Saunders

30 June 2011

Dear Leeds City Council,

Please can you tell me how many children are receiving any Applied
Behavioural Analysis provision.

Please can you then tell me how many of them had Applied
Behavioural Analysis due to a tribunal order and how many receive
this without a tribunal.

Please can you forward me any policy documents that are associated
with the awarding of any Applied Behavioural Analysis provision and
demonstrate how the decision is made.

Finally, please can you explain your rationale for awarding Applied
Behavioural Analysis without tribunal orders.

Yours faithfully,

B Saunders

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From: Children's FOI
Leeds City Council

1 July 2011

Dear Mr Saunders,

Thank you for your request for information relating to Applied Behavioural
Analysis, which was received on 30/06/11.

Your request is being dealt with in accordance with the Freedom of
information Act 2000 and you can expect a response from us within the
appropriate statutory time limit.

Please remember to quote reference number FOI 5901 in any future
communications.

Kind Regards

Sarah

Mrs Sarah Condry

Records Management Officer

Information Policy Team

Children's Services

E: Information Policy team: [1]children'[email address]

T: 0113 2475064

F: 0113 2475354

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1. mailto:children'[email address]

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From: Children's FOI
Leeds City Council

28 July 2011

Dear B Saunders

I refer to the above and your email dated 30 June. I have contacted the
relevant services and now provide the following response to your request
for information relating to Applied Behavioural Analysis provision.

1. Please can you tell me how many children are receiving any Applied
Behavioural Analysis provision.

I can confirm that as at 19 July 2011 there are currently 12 pupils
receiving ABA therapy within Leeds.

2. Please can you then tell me how many of them had Applied Behavioural
Analysis due to a tribunal order and how many receive this without a
tribunal.

I can confirm that, of the above 12 pupils, 5 received ABA due to a
tribunal order and the remaining 7 were mutually agreed without the need
for tribunal.

3. Please can you forward me any policy documents that are associated with
the awarding of any Applied Behavioural Analysis provision and demonstrate
how the decision is made.

Unfortunately I am unable to respond to this part of your request, as a
policy document associated with the awarding of any ABA provision is not
held. However, I have been advised that consultation regarding producing a
policy document is taking place, and the estimated completion date for
this work is September 2011. You may, therefore, wish to resubmit your
request after this date.

4. Finally, please can you explain your rationale for awarding Applied
Behavioural Analysis without tribunal orders.

Leeds City Council aligns its approach to ABA with that of the Government
as stated in this official statement of 2008:

"The Government places a high priority on meeting the needs of children
with special educational needs (SEN) and believes that the law provides
for all these children, including those with autistic spectrum disorders
(ASDs), to have those needs met. Under the Education Act 1996, schools
have a legal duty to do their best to make the provision a child's
learning difficulties call for. Local authorities, where necessary, have a
duty to identify and assess children's SEN, draw up SEN 'statements',
which set out the child's needs and the provision to meet those needs, and
then to arrange the special educational provision specified in the
statement. Arranging provision includes funding provision which is over
and above what a mainstream school could be expected to provide from its
normal resources. Through statements local authorities can also fund
home-based programmes. The Government recognises Applied Behaviour
Analysis (ABA) as being one of a number of

approaches to meeting autistic children's needs. A literature review of
research into the educational interventions for children with autism
published by the then Department for Education and Employment in 1998
found that almost all of the interventions, including ABA, could point to
evidence of success but that there was no well-founded evidence to show
that

any one intervention is more effective for all children on the autistic
spectrum or which children on the spectrum benefited most from which
intervention.

Good Practice Guidance on ASDs which the then Department for Education and
Skills and the Department of Health published in 2002 reflected this
finding by listing many of the educational interventions that are
available to schools and local authorities for use with children with
autism. For children with SEN in general and those with ASDs in
particular, the

Government believes that decisions about how to meet children's SEN are
best taken locally in consultation with parents and in light of the
individual child's profile of needs. This individual approach is the basis
for the SEN legislation. For children who are being statemented parents
have the right to request particular types of educational intervention,
including ABA, and appeal to the SEN and Disability Tribunal if the local
authority does not specify the intervention. A report from the All Party
Parliamentary Group on Autism in 2001 found that, although the numbers of
children involved were low, of the local authorities they surveyed 90 per
cent funded ABA programmes.

The Government encourages local authorities to make available a range of
provision to meet the range of pupils' SEN. Guidance from the Department
for Children, Schools and Families last year on planning and developing
special educational provision promoted a range of provision for all
children with SEN, as did the ASDs Good Practice Guidance for children

with autism. The Government welcomes the developing range of provision for
children with autism, including the opening of a number of schools in the
voluntary and independent sectors which offer ABA and at which local
authorities can place children with autism."

We recognise parents' right to a degree of choice in relation to the
provision for their children. As the local authority, we need to ensure
that the costs associated with providing the requested support is
reasonable when balanced with the needs of the child. When making the
decision about awarding ABA without a tribunal order we evaluate each
individual case on the above.

I hope this information is useful to you, however if you are dissatisfied
with this response then you have a right to appeal to an independent
officer within Children's Services. On appeal, your request will be
re-examined and an assessment made as to whether the requirements of the
Act have been adhered to. Should you wish to follow this course of action
then please address your concerns in writing to Moin Patel, Knowledge and
Technology Team, 10th Floor East, Merrion House, Leeds, LS2 8DT or by
email at [email address].

You also have a right under Section 50 of the Freedom of Information Act
to ask the Information Commissioner to take a decision as to whether we
have met with our obligations under the Act. The Commissioner has made it
clear however that he expects all applicants to exhaust internal appeals
procedures prior to making such an application. Should you wish to contact
the Commissioner's Office then you can write to the following address:

Office of the Information Commissioner,

Wycliffe House,

Water Lane,

Wilmslow,

Cheshire,

SK9 5AF.

You may also contact the Commissioner via his website at [1]www.ico.gov.uk

I trust that this is self explanatory although if you have any queries
then please don't hesitate to contact me on Leeds (0113) 3950780 or Jane
Sheehan on Leeds 2243615, or by return email.

Kind Regards

Dave Britton
Information Policy Administrator
Children's Services

10th Floor East, Merrion House, Leeds, LS2 8DT
Telephone: 0113 39 50780
Fax: 0113 24 75354
[2][email address]
Visit the website at [3]www.leeds.gov.uk

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