Air Quality Surveys and Reports.

The request was successful.

Dear Greater London Authority,

Please tell send me a list of all the reports and surveys carried out by, or on behalf of, the GLA, into air quality in London, in the last ten years.

To help you in finding this information, I am specifically interested in reports, surveys or analysis
- into air quality for members of the public
- emissions produced by vehicles in London
- the financial impact on London as a whole of issues identified with air quality / pollution
- comparative studies of air quality in London compared to other cities in the United Kingdom or Europe and Scandinavia
- studies looking at whether air quality / pollution in London has any health impact on Londoners, including compared to other parts of the British Isles

Yours faithfully,

Tim Lennon

Greater London Authority

From: [FOI #35998 email]
To: [Greater London Authority request email]
Subject: Freedom of Information request - Air Quality Surveys and
Reports.

The Mayor would like to thank you for your interest in his work and he is
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References

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Dear Greater London Authority,

Please let me know when you're expecting to respond fully to my request.

Yours faithfully,

Tim Lennon

Mayor of London, Greater London Authority

1 Attachment

Dear Mr Lennon

Thank you for your recent FoI request regarding reports and surveys carried out by or on behalf of the GLA into air quality in the last ten years. Below is the information that you requested. Mostly the information can be found in documents already on the GLA or TfL websites. However, one relevant document ("Emissions related charging:
Impacts on the vehicle market") has not been published and is attached to this e-mail.

Reports, surveys and analysis into air quality for members of the public

In 2009 the GLA commissioned modelling based on 2008 emissions and monitoring from across London to inform development of the Mayor's Air Quality Strategy (MAQS). The results are contained in the Mayor's draft MAQS which was published for public consultation on 28 March 2010 and which is available on the GLA website at http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/f...

Similar modelling was produced to support policy development for the London Low Emission Zone (LEZ) between 2005 and 2007. The results are contained in the following documents on the TfL website:

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/r...

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/r...

No attitudinal surveys have been carried out on air quality per se. However, questions about air quality have been asked as part of surveys carried out during public consultations on the LEZ. The results are included in the following documents on the TfL website:

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/r...

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/r...

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/r...

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/r...

In addition, the GLA is currently consulting with the public and stakeholders on the draft MAQS, and the questionnaire on the GLA consultation webpage contains questions about air quality in London. The GLA will publish a report on the consultation at the time that the final MAQS is published, which is expected to be in autumn 2010.

http://www.london.gov.uk/archive/surveys...

Reports, surveys or analysis into emissions produced by vehicles in London

In 2003 AEA Technology published The London Low Emission Zone Feasibility Study on behalf of the London Low Emission Zone Working Group, which included the GLA. This report which is available on the TfL website included information about emissions from different vehicle types in London:

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/r...

Between 2005 and 2007, TfL published information about emissions from road transport in London to support the public consultations on the LEZ. These are also available on the TfL website:

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/r...

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/r...

In 2007, TfL commissioned a report into the vehicle fleet in London, including emissions characteristics. This was to support policy development for the proposed CO2 Charging scheme. The full report is attached.

In 2008, TfL published the London Low Emission Zone Impacts Monitoring Report, which includes details of emissions from different vehicle types in London. This is available on the TfL website at:

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/r...

TfL's Travel in London Report for 2010 updates this information. This is available on the TfL website at:

http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/c...

Other requests

The GLA has recently published a report into the health impacts of air quality. This estimates that around 4,300 premature deaths are partly attributable to concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). This report on the study, which was carried out by the Institute of Occupational Medicine, is available on the GLA website at:

http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/f...

The GLA has not commissioned comparative studies of air quality in London compared to other cities. Nor has it commissioned studies into the financial impact on London as a whole of issues associated with air quality.

If you are unhappy with the way the GLA has handled your request, you may complain using the GLA's complaints procedure, available at:
http://www.london.gov.uk/contact-us/comp...

Yours sincerely,

Simon Cousins

Dear Greater London Authority,

Please tell send me a list of all the reports and surveys carried
out by, or on behalf of, the GLA, into air quality in London, in
the last ten years.

To help you in finding this information, I am specifically
interested in reports, surveys or analysis
- into air quality for members of the public
- emissions produced by vehicles in London
- the financial impact on London as a whole of issues identified
with air quality / pollution
- comparative studies of air quality in London compared to other
cities in the United Kingdom or Europe and Scandinavia
- studies looking at whether air quality / pollution in London has
any health impact on Londoners, including compared to other parts
of the British Isles

Yours faithfully,

Tim Lennon

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Michael Ryan left an annotation ()

Tim Lennon might be interested in this 2010 report by the GLA

http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/f...

which was supposed to examine the 2002-2008 infant mortality rates in the 625 electoral wards and which followed these 2 questions by Darren Johnson AM:

Infant morality rates
Question No: 42 / 2010
Darren Johnson
Will you publish electoral ward-level data and a map showing the 2002-2008 infant mortality

Incinerators
Question No: 41 / 2010
Darren Johnson
A constituent asks, is there any evidence to suggest that the SELCHP and Kings College Hospital incinerators which flank Southwark contributed to the Borough having the highest infant mortality rate in London in 2008?

The map on page 8 of GLA report fails to show incinerator positions and the report fails to cite this study which concluded:

"Our study shows a peak-decline in risk with distance from the municipal solid waste incinerators for infant deaths and infant deaths with all congenital malformations combined."

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15242...

Pages 4 & 5 of the GLA report wrongly report Newham Borough as having the highest 2002-2008 infant mortality rate at 6.5 per 1,000 live births whereas Table 1, on page 2 of same report correctly gives Southwark as having the highest rate at 7.2 per 1,000 live births.

I alerted the Mayor of London and Robert Neil, Jeanette Arnold, Jenny Jones and Sally Hamwee of the "Infant mortality rates around Edmonton incinerator, 2003-2005" by e-mail on 6 November 2006 and was assigned Case Reference MGLA061106-0335, which was closed and assigned "No" for urgency.

Look at the high (ie 9.0 per 1,000 live births & above) infant mortality wards around Edmonton incinerator using the same set of 2002-2008 ONS data examined by the GLA in 2010:

http://www.ukhr.eu/incineration/edmonton...

http://www.ukhr.eu/incineration/edmonton...

http://www.guardian-series.co.uk/news/90...

http://www.enfieldindependent.co.uk/news...

Michael Ryan left an annotation ()

The infant mortality rates in the London Boroughs of Wandsworth, Newham, Lewisham, and Tower Hamlets were all falling at a similar rate prior to the start of SELCHP incinerator in 1993.

After SELCHP started, the infant death rates in the three Boroughs most exposed to emissions all rose - unlike the rate in Wandsworth which rarely gets emissions from SELCHP and where the infant death rate continued to fall after that incinerator started:

http://ukhr.eu/incineration/selchp.htm

The infant mortality rates for all London Boroughs (1970-2010) is at:

http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/about-ons/what...

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