Acid attacks in England

Z Shah made this Freedom of Information request to Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

This request has been closed to new correspondence from the public body. Contact us if you think it ought be re-opened.

The request was successful.

Dear Metropolitan Police Service (MPS),

I would like to know the following statistics:
1) The number of recorded acid/corrosive substance attacks across England and Wales, between
2012 to 2018.
2) The concentration or type of acid/corrosive substance used in the attack and the injuries caused
3) How many attackers were convicted and under what legislation?

Yours faithfully,

Z Shah

Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

Dear Z Shah

Freedom of Information Request Reference No: 2018070000449

I write in connection with your request for information which was received
by the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) on 12/07/2018.  I note you seek
access to the following information:

"I would like to know the following statistics:
1)        The number of recorded acid/corrosive substance attacks across
England and Wales, between        
2012 to 2018.
2)        The concentration or type of acid/corrosive substance used in
the attack and the injuries caused
3)        How many attackers were convicted and under what legislation? "

This is to inform you that the MPS are unable to proceed with your request
as we require further information from you.  

* Please have in mind that the MPS only deals with the Greater London
area (except the financial district, City of London, where it has its
own City of London Police Force). Therefore, we cannot provide
information relating to other parts of the UK. Please let us know if
you would like us to make searches for the Greater London area only.

After receiving your reply, your request will then be considered and you
will receive a response within the statutory timescale of 20 working days.

However, if the requested additional information has not been received by
Friday 10th August 2018, I will assume you no longer wish to proceed with
this request and will treat it as withdrawn.

Should you have any further enquiries concerning this matter, please
contact us at [email address] quoting the reference number above.

Yours sincerely,

R. Loizou
Support Officer - Freedom of Information Triage Team
 
COMPLAINT RIGHTS

Are you unhappy with how your request has been handled or do you think the
decision is incorrect?

You have the right to require the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) to
review their decision.

Prior to lodging a formal complaint you are welcome to discuss the
response with the case officer who dealt with your request.  

Complaint

If you are dissatisfied with the handling procedures or the decision of
the MPS made under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (the Act) regarding
access to information you can lodge a complaint with the MPS to have the
decision reviewed.

Complaints should be made in writing, within forty (40) working days from
the date of the refusal notice, and addressed to:

FOI Complaint
Information Rights Unit
PO Box 57192
London
SW6 1SF
[email address]

In all possible circumstances the MPS will aim to respond to your
complaint within 20 working days.

The Information Commissioner

After lodging a complaint with the MPS if you are still dissatisfied with
the decision you may make application to the Information Commissioner for
a decision on whether the request for information has been dealt with in
accordance with the requirements of the Act.

For information on how to make application to the Information Commissioner
please visit their website at www.ico.org.uk.  Alternatively, write to or
phone:

Information Commissioner's Office
Wycliffe House
Water Lane
Wilmslow
Cheshire
SK9 5AF
Phone: 0303 123 1113

Consider our environment - please do not print this email unless
absolutely necessary.

NOTICE - This email and any attachments may be confidential, subject to
copyright and/or legal privilege and are intended solely for the use of
the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
notify the sender and delete it from your system.  To avoid incurring
legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

Find us at:

Facebook: [1]https://m.facebook.com/metpoliceuk 

Twitter: @metpoliceuk

References

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Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

Dear Z Shah
Freedom of Information Request Reference No: 2018070000449
I write in connection with your request for information which was received
by the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) on 12/07/2018.  I note you seek
access to the following information:
"I would like to know the following statistics:
1)        The number of recorded acid/corrosive substance attacks across
England and Wales, between        
2012 to 2018.
2)        The concentration or type of acid/corrosive substance used in
the attack and the injuries caused
3)        How many attackers were convicted and under what legislation? "
This is to inform you that the MPS are unable to proceed with your request
as we require further information from you.  

* Please have in mind that the MPS only deals with the Greater London
area (except the financial district, City of London, where it has its
own City of London Police Force). Therefore, we cannot provide
information relating to other parts of the UK. Please let us know if
you would like us to make searches for the Greater London area only.

After receiving your reply, your request will then be considered and you
will receive a response within the statutory timescale of 20 working days.
However, if the requested additional information has not been received by
Friday 10th August 2018, I will assume you no longer wish to proceed with
this request and will treat it as withdrawn.
Should you have any further enquiries concerning this matter, please
contact us at [email address] quoting the reference number above.
Yours sincerely,

R. Loizou
Support Officer - Freedom of Information Triage Team
 
COMPLAINT RIGHTS
Are you unhappy with how your request has been handled or do you think the
decision is incorrect?
You have the right to require the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) to
review their decision.
Prior to lodging a formal complaint you are welcome to discuss the
response with the case officer who dealt with your request.  
Complaint
If you are dissatisfied with the handling procedures or the decision of
the MPS made under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (the Act) regarding
access to information you can lodge a complaint with the MPS to have the
decision reviewed.
Complaints should be made in writing, within forty (40) working days from
the date of the refusal notice, and addressed to:
FOI Complaint
Information Rights Unit
PO Box 57192
London
SW6 1SF
[email address]
In all possible circumstances the MPS will aim to respond to your
complaint within 20 working days.
The Information Commissioner
After lodging a complaint with the MPS if you are still dissatisfied with
the decision you may make application to the Information Commissioner for
a decision on whether the request for information has been dealt with in
accordance with the requirements of the Act.
For information on how to make application to the Information Commissioner
please visit their website at www.ico.org.uk.  Alternatively, write to or
phone:
Information Commissioner's Office
Wycliffe House
Water Lane
Wilmslow
Cheshire
SK9 5AF
Phone: 0303 123 1113

Consider our environment - please do not print this email unless
absolutely necessary.

NOTICE - This email and any attachments may be confidential, subject to
copyright and/or legal privilege and are intended solely for the use of
the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
notify the sender and delete it from your system.  To avoid incurring
legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

Find us at:

Facebook: [1]https://m.facebook.com/metpoliceuk

Twitter: @metpoliceuk

References

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Dear Metropolitan Police Service (MPS),

Thank you for the reply

Could you make the search for the Greater London area with regards to the 3 questions, which were as followed:
1) The number of recorded acid/corrosive substance attacks between 2012 to 2018.
2) The concentration or type of acid/corrosive substance used in the attack and the injuries caused
3) How many attackers were convicted and under what legislation?

Yours faithfully,

Z Shah

Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

Dear Mr Shah

Freedom of Information Request Reference No: 2018070000449

I write in connection with your request for information which was received
by the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) on 12/07/2018.  I note you seek
access to the following information:

* I would like to know the following statistics: 1) The number of
recorded acid/corrosive substance attacks across England and Wales,
between        2012 to 2018. 2) The concentration or type of
acid/corrosive substance used in the attack and the injuries caused 3)
How many attackers were convicted and under what legislation?

* REDEF receieved;

* Dear Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), Thank you for the reply Could
you make the search for the Greater London area with regards to the 3
questions, which were as followed: 1)        The number of recorded
acid/corrosive substance attacks between 2012 to 2018. 2)        The
concentration or type of acid/corrosive substance used in the attack
and the injuries caused 3)        How many attackers were convicted
and under what legislation?

Your request will now be considered in accordance with the Freedom of
Information Act 2000 (the Act).  You will receive a response within the
statutory timescale of 20 working days as defined by the Act.  

If you have any further enquiries concerning this matter, please contact
us at [email address] or on the phone at 0207 161 3500, quoting the
reference number above. Should your enquiry relate to the logging or
allocations process we will be able to assist you directly and where your
enquiry relates to other matters (such as the status of the request) we
will be able to pass on a message and/or advise you of the relevant
contact details.

Yours sincerely

Peter Deja
Support Officer - Freedom of Information Triage Team
 
COMPLAINT RIGHTS

Are you unhappy with how your request has been handled or do you think the
decision is incorrect?

You have the right to require the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) to
review their decision.

Prior to lodging a formal complaint you are welcome to discuss the
response with the case officer who dealt with your request.  

Complaint

If you are dissatisfied with the handling procedures or the decision of
the MPS made under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (the Act) regarding
access to information you can lodge a complaint with the MPS to have the
decision reviewed.

Complaints should be made in writing, within forty (40) working days from
the date of the refusal notice, and addressed to:

FOI Complaint
Information Rights Unit
PO Box 57192
London
SW6 1SF
[email address]

In all possible circumstances the MPS will aim to respond to your
complaint within 20 working days.

The Information Commissioner

After lodging a complaint with the MPS if you are still dissatisfied with
the decision you may make application to the Information Commissioner for
a decision on whether the request for information has been dealt with in
accordance with the requirements of the Act.

For information on how to make application to the Information Commissioner
please visit their website at www.ico.org.uk.  Alternatively, write to or
phone:

Information Commissioner's Office
Wycliffe House
Water Lane
Wilmslow
Cheshire
SK9 5AF
Phone: 0303 123 1113

Consider our environment - please do not print this email unless
absolutely necessary.

NOTICE - This email and any attachments may be confidential, subject to
copyright and/or legal privilege and are intended solely for the use of
the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
notify the sender and delete it from your system.  To avoid incurring
legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

Find us at:

Facebook: [1]https://m.facebook.com/metpoliceuk

Twitter: @metpoliceuk

References

Visible links
1. https://m.facebook.com/metpoliceuk

Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)

1 Attachment

Dear Sir/Madam,

Freedom of Information Request Reference No: 2018070000449

I write in response to your request for information that was received by
the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) on 12 July 2018. I note that you
seek access to the following information:

"I would like to know the following statistics:

1) The number of recorded acid/corrosive substance attacks across England
and Wales, between 2012 to 2018.
2) The concentration or type of acid/corrosive substance used in the
attack and the injuries caused
3) How many attackers were convicted and under what legislation?"

When a request for information is made under the Freedom of Information
Act 2000 (the Act), a public authority must inform you, when permitted,
whether the information requested is held. It must then communicate that
information to you. If a public authority decides that it cannot comply
with all or part of a request, it must cite the appropriate section or
exemption of the Act and provide you with an explanation.
DECISION
The MPS is unable to respond to the following parts of your request for
information with the cost/research threshold set out by the Freedom of
Information and Data Protection Act Fees Regulations 2004:
"2) The concentration or type of acid/corrosive substance used in the
attack and the injuries caused
3) How many attackers were convicted and under what legislation?"
I estimate that the cost of complying with these parts of your request
would exceed the appropriate limit. For agencies outside central
Government, the cost threshold is set at £450 and represents the estimated
cost of one person spending 18 hours [at a rate of £25 per hour]
determining whether the public authority holds the information. This also
includes locating, retrieving and extracting the information requested.
This email constitutes a formal Refusal Notice for this request. A full
explanation, including the relevant sections of the Act and the Fees
Regulations, is given in the section titled 'Legal Annex' below.
Please also note that when one part of a request is refused because the
cost of completing that part of the request would exceed the appropriate
limit, this results in the refusal of the request in its entirety. This
approach is inline with the guidance of the Information Commissioner (the
Freedom of Information Act ombudsman).
INFORMATION DISCLOSED
Please find an attached spreadsheet which addresses the following part of
your request:
1) The number of recorded acid/corrosive substance attacks across England
and Wales, between 2012 to 2018.
DUTY TO ADVISE AND ASSIST
Under Section 16 of the Act, there is a duty to advise and assist
applicants in making requests for information. In accordance with this
duty, I can confirm that the MPS cannot provide details of persons
convicted of committing corrosive fluid assault offences within the
research/cost limit of the Act (please refer to the section of the notice
titled 'Legal Annex' for a detailed explanation). Figures in respect of
cases heard at court and any subsequent sentences issued can be requested
from the following bodies/agencies:

CPS Freedom of Information Act Team
https://www.cps.gov.uk/foi/feedback.html

Courts and Tribunal Judiciary Freedom of Information Act Team
https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/foi/
The MPS can provide details of persons proceeded against (people charged,
cautioned etc) following an investigation into an alleged offence. This
information has been provided within the attached spreadsheet.
COMPLAINT RIGHTS
This notice concludes your request for information. I would like to thank
you for your interest in the MPS.
Your attention is drawn to the attached sheet which details your right of
complaint.
Should you have any further enquiries concerning this matter, please write
or contact Damion Baird on telephone number 0207 161 6510 quoting the
reference number above.
Yours sincerely

Damion Baird

LEGAL ANNEX
EXPLANATION OF DECISION
Section 12 (2) Cost of Compliance would exceed Freedom of Information Act
Limit
The MPS is unable to respond to the following parts of your request for
information within the research/cost limit of the Act:
"2) The concentration or type of acid/corrosive substance used in the
attack and the injuries caused
3) How many attackers were convicted and under what legislation?"
The Crime Report Information System (CRIS) is used by the MPS to record
offences within the MPS district (the area policed by the MPS). The MPS do
not record upon the CRIS, in a searchable field from which management
information can be produced, the substance used in a corrosive fluid
assault or the nature of the injuries caused to victims. The MPS does not
also record in a searchable format, whether a person was convicted of an
offence at court. This information would be recorded within the
investigative (notes) pages of each CRIS report (a report created to
record and manage the investigation of a criminal offence) or in respect
of persons convicted, within the crime file (a paper-based file used to
retain statements and other records collected during the criminal
investigation). To obtain the nature of the injuries suffered and the
nature of the substance used in each offence, each CRIS report would have
to be read. Depending upon the length of the CRIS report, it can take a
single member of staff between 5 and 15 minutes to review a typical CRIS
report. From 01 January 2012 to 31 May 2018, there were 1562 corrosive
fluid offences categorised as 'violent offences' by the MPS. To review the
CRIS reports associated with 1562 offences would take a single member of
staff a period of time far in excess of the 18 hour research/cost limit of
the Act. Please also note that over the same period, in excess of 290
charges were brought against people for violent offences involving a
corrosive fluid. To recall and review the case papers associated with each
person charged would accordingly, also take a single member of staff a
period of time that exceeds 18 hours.

Please note that the Information Commissioner's guidance states that
'Section 12 makes it clear that a public authority does not have to make a
precise calculation of the costs of complying with a request.  Only an
estimate is required ... what amounts to a reasonable estimate can only be
considered on a case by case basis.'  The Information Commissioner also
advises 'where a reasonable estimate has been made that the appropriate
limit would be exceeded, there is no requirement for a public authority to
undertake work up to the limit.'
It should be noted that this estimate was based upon the existence of one
CRIS report per offence. Whilst it is possible that multiple offences can
be recorded on a single CRIS report, the time required to review the CRIS
reports associated with 1562 offences would exceed 18 hours.
EXEMPTIONS CLAIMED
In accordance with the Freedom of Information Act 2000, this email acts as
a Refusal Notice for the requested information.
Section 17(5) of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 provides:
"(5) A public authority which, in relation to any request for information,
is relying on a claim that section 12 or 14 applies must, within the time
for complying with section 1(1), give the applicant a notice stating that
fact."

Section 12(1) of the Act provides:
"(1)Section 1(1) does not oblige a public authority to comply with a
request for information if the authority estimates that the cost of
complying with the request would exceed the appropriate limit."

The Freedom of Information and Data Protection (Appropriate Limit and
Fees) Regulations 2004 provide:
"3 (1) This regulation has effect to prescribe the appropriate limit
referred to in section 9A(3) and (4) of the 1998 Act and the appropriate
limit referred to in section 12(1) and (2) of the 2000 Act.
(2) In the case of a public authority which is listed in Part I of
Schedule 1 to the 2000 Act, the appropriate limit is £600.
(3) In the case of any other public authority, the appropriate limit is
£450.
4 (3) In a case in which this regulation has effect, a public authority
may, for the purpose of its estimate, take account only of the costs it
reasonably expects to incur in relation to the request in-
(a) determining whether it holds the information,
(b) locating the information, or a document which may contain the
information,
(c) retrieving the information, or a document which may contain the
information, and
(d) extracting the information from a document containing it.
(4) To the extent to which any of the costs which a public authority takes
into account are attributable to the time which persons undertaking any of
the activities mentioned in paragraph
(3) on behalf of the authority are expected to spend on those activities,
those costs are to be estimated at a rate of £25 per person per hour.
5. (1) In circumstances in which this regulation applies, where two or
more requests for information to which section 1(1) of the 2000 Act would,
apart from the appropriate limit, to any extent apply, are made to a
public authority -
(a) by one person, or
(b) by different persons who appear to the public authority to be acting
in concert or in pursuance of a campaign, the estimated cost of complying
with any of the requests is to be taken to be the total costs which may be
taken into account by the authority, under regulation 4, of complying with
all of them.
(2) This regulation applies in circumstances in which-
(a) the two or more requests referred to in paragraph (1) relate, to any
extent, to the same or similar information, and
(b) those requests are received by the public authority within any period
of sixty consecutive working days.
(3) In this regulation, "working day" means any day other than a Saturday,
a Sunday, Christmas Day, Good Friday or a day which is a bank holiday
under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971(b) in any part of the
United Kingdom."  

COMPLAINT RIGHTS

Are you unhappy with how your request has been handled or do you think the
decision is incorrect?

You have the right to require the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) to
review their decision.

Prior to lodging a formal complaint you are welcome to discuss the
response with the case officer who dealt with your request.  

Complaint

If you are dissatisfied with the handling procedures or the decision of
the MPS made under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (the Act) regarding
access to information you can lodge a complaint with the MPS to have the
decision reviewed.

Complaints should be made in writing, within forty (40) working days from
the date of the refusal notice, and addressed to:

FOI Complaint
Information Rights Unit
PO Box 57192
London
SW6 1SF
[email address]

In all possible circumstances the MPS will aim to respond to your
complaint within 20 working days.

The Information Commissioner

After lodging a complaint with the MPS if you are still dissatisfied with
the decision you may make application to the Information Commissioner for
a decision on whether the request for information has been dealt with in
accordance with the requirements of the Act.

For information on how to make application to the Information Commissioner
please visit their website at www.ico.org.uk.  Alternatively, write to or
phone:

Information Commissioner's Office
Wycliffe House
Water Lane
Wilmslow
Cheshire
SK9 5AF
Phone:  0303 123 1113

Consider our environment - please do not print this email unless
absolutely necessary.

NOTICE - This email and any attachments may be confidential, subject to
copyright and/or legal privilege and are intended solely for the use of
the intended recipient. If you have received this email in error, please
notify the sender and delete it from your system.  To avoid incurring
legal liabilities, you must not distribute or copy the information in this
email without the permission of the sender. MPS communication systems are
monitored to the extent permitted by law.  Consequently, any email and/or
attachments may be read by monitoring staff. Only specified personnel are
authorised to conclude any binding agreement on behalf of the MPS by
email. The MPS accepts no responsibility for unauthorised agreements
reached with other employees or agents.  The security of this email and
any attachments cannot be guaranteed. Email messages are routinely scanned
but malicious software infection and corruption of content can still occur
during transmission over the Internet. Any views or opinions expressed in
this communication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily
represent those of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS).

 

Find us at:

Facebook: [1]https://m.facebook.com/metpoliceuk 

Twitter: @metpoliceuk

References

Visible links
1. https://m.facebook.com/metpoliceuk