This is an HTML version of an attachment to the Freedom of Information request 'Statistics on common law compensation claims against the MODs'.


 
 
 
 
MOD Compensation Claims
 
Financial Year 2015/16
 
 
Published 13 October 2016
 
 
This bulletin relates to claims brought against the Ministry of Defence for compensation at common 
law (other than those arising out of contract disputes). These are dealt with by the Claims Unit 
within the Department’s Directorate of Judicial Engagement Policy (DJEP), by contractors 
operating in accordance with instructions provided by the Claims Unit, or by delegated authorities1.   
 
   Key Points  
 
  Total payments by MOD for compensation claims and associated costs in Financial Year 
2015/16 (not including those arising out of contract disputes) were £88.9M. This does not include 
MOD legal costs which totalled £13.6M exclusive of staff costs. Over the same period recoveries 
of around £1.6M were made.  
  The highest value claim that was settled in 15/16 was for a spinal injury. The total paid out on this 
claim (in both damages and claimants’ costs) was around £3.8M and further future periodic 
payments will be made
.  
  The total number of new claims brought against MOD was 4844. This represents a decrease of 
around 16% compared with 2014/15.  
  1060 Service Personnel Employer’s liability claims were settled in 2015/16. In-year expenditure2 
on Service Personnel Employer’s liability claims was  £51.6M.  
  252 Civilian Employer’s Liability claims were settled in 2015/16.  In-year expenditure on Civilian 
Employer’s liability claims was £14.6M.  
  1624 Public Liability claims were settled in 2015/16, of which 1428 were third party motor claims 
in the UK.  In-year expenditure on Public Liability claims was just under £13M, of which £4.8M 
was accounted for by motor claims. 
  20 Clinical Negligence claims were settled in 2015/16. In-year expenditure on Clinical Negligence 
claims was around £6M
  The in-year expenditure on structured settlements/periodic payments was around £2.8M
  676 claims were settled by delegated authorities1 in 15/16. The in/year expenditure for delegated 
authorities was just over £1M with recoveries in excess of £166,000.  
 
  1. Delegated authorities such as overseas Area Claims Offices (ACOs) and the Defence Infrastructure Organisation (DIO)  
2. In- year expenditure is inclusive of damages and other costs, such as claimants’ legal costs and medical fees. It does not include 
MOD legal costs. Expenditure may include interim payments for active claims as well as final payments for settled claims. 
  
Point of contact:
 Deputy Head of Common Law Claims and Policy,  Tel: 0207 218 1538 
    
 
Further information/mailing list:    
 
Would you like to be added to our contact list, so that we can inform you about updates to these statistics and consult  
you if we are thinking of making changes? You can subscribe to updates by emailing xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx@xxx.xx    
 
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Contents
Introduction 
Page 2 
 
Introduction 
 
When compensation claims are received they are considered on the basis 
Page 3 
of whether or not the Ministry of Defence has a legal liability to pay 
Section 1 
compensation. A payment of compensation in circumstances where the 
New claims 
Department does not consider that a court would find it liable would count as 
 
an ex gratia payment, and the Department is not empowered to make such 
Page 4 
payments without Treasury authorisation, which is not frequently sought or 
   Section 2 
given.  The only exceptions to this rule relate to claims arising from low 
      Settled claims 
flying and to certain claims settled in theatre by Area Claims Officers.  
 
The amount of compensation paid is determined by common law principles 
Page 5 
which broadly take account, as appropriate, of such factors as an 
Section 3 
individual’s pain and suffering, degree of injury, property losses, past and 
Cost of claims 
future financial losses and level of care required. Advice is sought where 
 
necessary from the Government Legal Department, and the Department’s 
Page 6 
commercial claims handlers’ panel solicitors for cases brought in England 
Further information 
and Wales; the Crown Solicitor in Northern Ireland; and Morton Fraser 
Solicitors, the Department’s legal adviser in Scotland. Counsel are also 
 
consulted on high profile or complex cases or where a point of law needs to 
be explored. The majority of cases are settled through negotiation in order 
to save the parties the additional costs of a court appearance. This bulletin 
does not distinguish between compensation ordered by a court and 
compensation paid pursuant to a negotiated settlement. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Section 1 Compensation claims made against the MOD   
The total number of new claims brought against MOD in 2015/16 was 4844. This represents a 
decrease of around 16% compared with 2014/15. There has been a reduction in the number of 
service-related noise-induced hearing loss claims  (1838 claims received in 2014/15 compared 
with 1037 in 2015/16) although it still remains the most commonly claimed for condition in the 
employer’s liability claims category. There has been a reduction in the number of Iraq Private Law 
claims brought (189 claims received in 2014/15 compared with just 12 in 2015/16). 
 
Table 1 New claims, by category  
 
 
FY2014/15
FY2015/16 
Total new claims brought 
5 814
4 844 
Public Liability 
2 153
1 934 
Motor 
1 571
1 629 
Personal injury 
245
 250 
Property/ vehicle damage 
1 320
1 363 
Vehicle overseas 
6
 16 
Other Public Liability  
582
 305 
Personal Injury 
186
154 
Low flying 
96
 74 
Maritime 
8
 17 
Iraq Private Law 
189
 12 
NI Security Forces 
30
 3 
Other1 
73
 45 
  
  
Employer’s Liability 
2 887
2 093 
Service 
2 381
1 613 
Noise-induced hearing loss 
1 838
1 037 
 
Non-freezing cold injury 
145
 206 
 
Other 
398
 370 
 
Civilian2 
506
 480 
Noise-induced hearing loss 
202
 185 
Inhalation or Ingestion of Asbestos 
139
 139 
Other 
165
 156 
  
  
Clinical negligence 
95
 92 
  
  
Other 
679
725 
    Area Claims Offices (ACOs) 
663
714 
    Defence Infrastructure Organisation (DIO) 
16e
11e 
Source: Directorate of Judicial Engagement Policy Common Law Claims & Policy team 
 
 
1.  This category includes, for example, property damage claims which usually come from personnel working and living in 
service accommodation who have had their belonging damaged by poor maintenance of their accommodation or infrastructure 
2. All MOD civilian employees including members of the Ministry of Defence Guard Service (MGS) and Ministry of Defence 
Police (MDP). 
 
 
e This is an estimate based on the number of settled cases but the number of claims received may be slightly higher. 
 
 
 
 
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Section 2 Settled compensation claims notified  
In this Section, the term “settled” relates to claims that were fully determined. In total 3632 claims 
were settled on all costs in 2015/16 either out of Court or by Court verdict. The financial year in 
which settlement is recorded is not necessarily the year in which the damages were paid. This 
category does not include any claims which were discontinuanced, struck out by the Courts, or 
repudiated by the Claims Unit or by delegated authorities. 
 
Table 2 Settled claims, by category 
  
 

FY2014/15
FY2015/16 
Total claims settled 
 4 366r
3 632 
Public Liability 
1 400
1 624 
Motor 
1 164
1 439 
Personal injury 
240
 249 
Property/ vehicle damage 
914
 1 179 
Vehicle overseas                                            
10
 11 
Other Public Liability  
236
 185 
Personal injury 
96
 72 
Low flying 
69
 48 
NI Security Forces 
16
 32 
Maritime 
4
 7 
Other1  
51
 26 
  
  
Employer’s Liability 
2 234
1 312 
Service  
1 898
1 060 
Noise-induced hearing loss 
1 652
808 
Non-freezing cold injury 
50
 62 
Other 
196
 190 
Civilian2 
336
 252 
Noise-induced hearing loss 
85
 64 
Inhalation or Ingestion of Asbestos 
124
 94 
Other 
127
 94 
  
  
Clinical negligence 
21
 20 
 
 
Other 
681
676 
    Area Claims Offices (ACOs) 
665
665 
    Defence Infrastructure Organisation (DIO) 
16
11 
 
              Source: Directorate of Judicial Engagement Policy Common Law Claims & Policy team 
 

1. This category includes, for example, property damage claims which usually come from personnel working and living in service 
accommodation who have had their belonging damaged by poor maintenance of their accommodation or infrastructure 
2. All MOD civilian employees including members of the Ministry of Defence Guard Service (MGS) and Ministry of Defence 
Police (MDP) 
 
r  The figure previously published excluded settled claims for Delegated Authorities 
 
 
 
 
 
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Section 3 Cost of compensation claims notified 
This table includes damages and other costs, such as claimants’ legal costs and medical fees. It 
does not include MOD legal costs. Expenditure may include interim payments for active claims as 
well as final payments for settled claims. 
 
Table 3 In-year expenditure on claims, by category 
 
 
FY2014/15
FY2015/16 
Total in-year expenditure      £/million 
85.130
88.928 
  
  
In-year expenditure by MOD Claims Unit and claims 
83.714
87.841 
contractors 
Public Liability1 
7.982
12.654 
Employer’s Liability 
67.055
66.284 
              Service 
51.861
51.642 
              Civilian 
15.195
14.642 
Clinical negligence 
5.816
6.059 
In-year structured settlement or periodic payments 
2.862
2.845 
 
 
In-year expenditure by Delegated Authorities  
1.416
1.086 
Area Claims Offices (ACOs) 
1.371
1.057 
ACO Afghanistan 
0.023
0.002 
ACO North West Europe 
0.857
0.460 
ACO Cyprus 
0.489
0.595 
ACO South Atlantic Islands 
0.002

Defence Infrastructure Organisation (DIO) 
0.045
0.029 
              Source: Directorate of Judicial Engagement Policy Common Law Claims & Policy team 
 
1. Public liability claims include motor third party claims in the UK at a cost of £4.8M
 
 
 
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Further Information  
 
 
Revisions 
There are no regular planned revisions of this Bulletin. Any substantial changes which are 
discovered to be necessary will be made to the on-line version of the Bulletin. 
Corrections to the published statistics will be made if errors are found, or if figures change as a 
result of improvements to methodology or changes to definitions. When making corrections, we will 
follow the Ministry of Defence Statistics Revisions and Corrections Policy: 
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/284849/defence-
statistics-revisions-and-corrections-policy-v1.pdf.  
All corrected figures will be identified by the symbol “r”, and an explanation will be given of the 
reason for and size of the revision. Corrections which would have a significant impact on the utility 
of the statistics will be corrected as soon as possible, by reissuing the publication. Minor errors will 
also be corrected, but for convenience these corrections may be timed to coincide with the next 
annual release of the publication. 
 
Symbols 
e   estimated figure 
 
 
Contact Us 
If you have any questions about the statistics contained in this publication you can contact us as 
follows:  
Claims Point of Contact –  Deputy Head of Common Law Claims and Policy, Tel: 0207 218 1538 
Directorate of Judicial Engagement Policy – Common Law Claims and Policy  
Ministry of Defence, Main Building  
Floor 1 Zone I  
Whitehall  
London 
SW1A 2HB 
 
E-mail: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx@xxx.xx  
 
Statistical Point of Contact – Head of Defence Statistics (Tri-Service), Tel: 0207 807 8896 
E-mail: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx@xxx.xx  
 
If you require information which is not available within this or other available publications, you may 
wish to submit a Request for Information under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 to the Ministry 
of Defence. For more information, see: 
https://www.gov.uk/make-a-freedom-of-information-request/the-freedom-of-information-act 
 
For general MOD enquiries, please call: 020 7218 9000  
 
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