Anti-Social behaviour (ASB) remains a high priority in Warwickshire, confirmed by
the 2012 strategic assessment. All agencies remain committed to the reduction of
ASB incidents and to making the most effective use of available resources. Anti-
social behaviour affects the quality of life of our citizens, impacts directly upon levels
of fear of crime and is linked with several crime types, including criminal damage,
arson and harassment.
There is an expectation for all partners involved in Community Safety Partnerships to
consider anti-social behaviour when developing Partnership Plans.
This strategy and accompanying action plan have the support of all members of
Safer and Stronger Partnership Board. Its fundamental aim is to improve the quality
of life for people across the county by tackling the causes and effects of anti-social
behaviour in individuals, families and communities.
We define ASB as:
“behaviour which causes or is likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one
or more people who are not in the same household as the perpetrator”.
The following examples of behaviours are included in this definition of ASB:
• Nuisance behaviour
- general rowdy behaviour and nuisance, prostitution,
aggressive begging, street drinking, animal nuisance
• Noise Nuisance
- loud music, playing ball games near to people’s houses.
• Intimidation or harassment
- Malicious phone calls, offensive material through
• Environmental quality issues
- Litter, dog fouling, fly tipping, abandoned vehicles,
• Aggressive and threatening language and behaviour
- Verbal and physical abuse
including threatening and offensive gestures.
• Violence against people and property
– ASB-based vandalism, violence, arson,
• Hate behaviour
- ASB based on targeting individuals because of their perceived
differences. This includes race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, and disability.
Underpinning our strategy we have agreed the following principles. We aim to:
• employ a victim centred approach when addressing anti-social behaviour
• balance enforcement of standards with provision of support for the
individuals, families and communities involved
• focus on prevention and causes of ASB, recognising that both short and
long-term measures will be necessary
• work in partnership to ensure co-ordinated approaches, focusing on what
works and sharing good practice
• listen to the individuals and communities affected by ASB and avoid
demonising any sections of the community
• ensure early intervention where problems occur
• target effort on areas and groups that are most affected by the negative
consequences of ASB, to ensure work undertaken has the maximum
• Support communities to tackle ASB themselves.
National Strategic Context
Putting Victims First; More Effective Responses to Anti-Social Behaviour
The government has recently published its proposals on anti-social behaviour and is
committed to the following:
• concentrating on supporting victims, in order to stop such behaviour;
• ensuring that the perpetrators are punished;
• for authorities to take their problems seriously;
• to protect victims from further harm.
Local agencies should focus their response to ASB on the needs of the victims
• Identifying high risk victims at the first point of contact or at the earliest
opportunity, offering support, ensuring concentration on risk reduction
• Frontline professionals having more freedom to use early intervention informal
measures, such as Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABCs) or restorative
approaches to stop perpetrators, prior to any formal approach
• Improving our understanding of victims’ experience and the impact of ASB
upon their quality of life. Some people with a disability or long term health
condition can be affected disproportionally by the effects of ASB
• Community Triggers which will give victims and communities the right to get
action where a persistent problem has not been addressed. In Warwickshire,
we will review our processes once this power is introduced
• Community Harm Statements which will ensure that communities can get their
voices heard, through a standard template, to present evidence of community
harm to courts, and for casework and partnership working
• Restorative justice which will enable communities to have a say in the way
that an offender can make amends for their crimes, getting them to face up to
the consequences of their actions
• Neighbourhood Justice Panels which can be used for low-level crime and
ASB, facilitated by representatives of the local community
• A speeding up of the eviction of anti-social tenants through a new mandatory
route for both private and social landlords, to reduce the length of time
• A focus on long term solutions by addressing the underlying issues in order to
prevent ASB happening in the first place
The proposed streamlining of the current powers are summarised in the table below:
Dealing with Antisocial Individuals
Benefits of New system
Criminal Behaviour Order-
The new order supports changes to
available on conviction for any criminal
behaviour to prevent re-offending, rather
offence, and can include prohibitions
than simply prohibitions to stop the person
and support, to stop future behaviour
from doing something (e.g. going to a
which could lead to further ASB or
particular place). The ASBO
prohibitions on behaviour.
Crime Prevention Injunction
The civil standard of proof requires proof ‘on
purely civil order with a civil burden of
the balance of probabilities’ rather than
proof, making it much quicker and
‘beyond reasonable doubt’ which will make
easier to obtain. The injunction would
injunctions quicker to get. This means that
also have prohibitions and support
problem behaviour can be addressed more
attached and a range of civil sanctions
for any breach.
Police officers and other professionals can
give evidence on behalf of the community,
which protects vulnerable witnesses.
The new injunction contains support to
change behaviour rather than just stopping
the person from doing something, to help
Sanctions for breach are civil, not criminal,
which prevents people getting a criminal
Dealing with ASB in the community
Benefits of New system
Community Protection Notice
– to The notice can be used in a variety of situations
deal with particular problems which
(not addressed by the powers it is directly
affect the community’s quality of
replacing), allowing areas to respond flexibly to
life, and direct the person
local issues as they arise.
responsible to stop causing a
The notice will also extend the powers the
nuisance and/or require them to
police have to deal with noise nuisance –
currently dealt with by Local Authorities, many
of whom do not have out of hours services.
Community Protection Order
The order can be used in a variety of situations
– An order to deal
(not addressed by the powers it is directly
with ongoing/persistent ASB in a
replacing), allowing areas to respond flexibly to
public place, applying restrictions to local issues as they arise.
how the public space can be used.
The order allows local areas to make decisions
without having to go through central
government, with oversight provided by
communities and the Police and Crime
The new power will not require the police to
power to direct any individual
designate a ‘dispersal zone’, which will reduce
causing or likely to cause crime or
bureaucracy for the police and allow them to
disorder, away from a particular
act more quickly to address problems in an
place, and to confiscate related
Bringing the premises closure powers together
– An order
and simplifies the system, whilst keeping the
which could be used to
benefits of the existing system in providing
close a premise temporarily,
respite to communities.
or for up to six months.
Changes to ASB recording
Previous categories of recording ASB incidents included a range of headings, under
the definition of ASB. However, these did not enable call handlers or practitioners to
consider the risk involved for the caller, other individuals or the community as a
whole. Recording ASB categories have changed, to reflect a case management
rather than an incident based approach.
The three new ASB categories for recording by police, are:
These simplified categories are designed to change the emphasis from merely
recording and responding to incidents, to identifying those vulnerable individuals,
communities and environments, most at risk and therefore in need of a response
before the problems escalate. ASB - Personal
‘Personal’ identifies ASB incidents that the caller, call-handler or anyone else
perceives as either deliberately targeted at an individual or group or having an
impact on an individual or group, rather than the community at large. It includes
incidents that cause concern, stress, disquiet and/or irritation through to incidents
which have a serious adverse impact on people’s quality of life, from minor
annoyance to the risk of harm, deterioration of health and disruption of mental or
emotional well-being, resulting in an inability to carry out normal day to day activities
through fear and intimidation.
ASB – Nuisance
‘Nuisance’ includes incidents where an act, condition, thing or person causes
trouble, annoyance, inconvenience, offence or suffering to the local community in
general, rather than to individual victims, where behaviour goes beyond acceptability
and interferes with public interests, including health, safety and quality of life.
Individuals and communities will have differing expectations and levels of tolerance
of what goes beyond acceptable behaviour, which will be considered in each
ASB - Environmental
‘Environmental’ includes incidents where individuals and groups have an impact on
their surroundings, including natural, built and social environments. This is about
encouraging reasonable behaviour whilst managing and protecting the environment
so that people can enjoy their own private spaces as well as shared or public
spaces. People’s physical settings and surroundings are known to impact positively
or negatively on a sense of well-being. The perception that nobody cares about the
quality of a particular environment, can cause those affected to feel undervalued or
ignored. Encouraging Active and Safer Communities
Home Office analysis indicated that people living in areas with strong informal social
control, experienced lower rates of crime and perceived ASB, compared to people in
otherwise similar neighbourhoods. Baroness Newlove reported on her experiences
when visiting active communities across the UK, and set out her vision for creating
more active and safer communities, as detailed below.
• Residents feel safer in their area; know and can rely on, their neighbours; and
feel happy to live there,
• The community has a sense of pride and ownership in their area, looking at
how they can improve the neighbourhood, rather than relying solely on
• People feel confident and willing to intervene and challenge behaviour
• Parents take responsibility for their children
• People within the community, have the skills, resources and support to set up
their own groups and projects, and these are growing in number and thriving.
But if they feel out of their depth or threatened, there is a clear mechanism
from agencies to support them – they do not feel abandoned
• People who do the right thing are celebrated.
• Savings made by active communities are used to benefit those communities.
Baroness Newlove’s vision of active communities, coupled with the Big Society
agenda, sees agencies building community engagement and participation into
tackling ASB in the future. Communities are not only involved in identifying what their
local issues are, but also in how the problems are addressed.
The Current Position in Warwickshire
In Warwickshire, ASB appears to have decreased substantially over the year.
However, using the 3 new categories of ASB, it has not been possible to compare
2011/12 to 2010/11. ASB in Warwickshire 2011/12
% of Total
Anti-Social Behaviour Incidents
Total Anti-Social Behaviour
Proportion of Anti-Social Behaviour
Agencies across Warwickshire have recognised that changes to the way that ASB
was addressed were required and had reviewed current strategic approaches and
delivery mechanisms. It was clear that there was:
• Limited concentration on the needs of victims, as the focus had been on the
offenders and their needs.
• There was little in the way of risk assessment of the harm being caused to
victims as a result of ASB, especially the most vulnerable victims.
• There were few common structures or processes across the county, as all
districts were working in a different way, with different staff and different
Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabularies (HMIC) inspected how ASB was being
addressed in each police force, compared to the previous inspection in 2010. Overall
there had been a significant improvement in each area, but some areas had
improved more than others.
Although there had been improvements in the way that repeat and vulnerable victims
were identified at the point of report, there was still no consistent identification of
victims. The key improvement is with the questioning carried out by the call-handler,
as some victims are not getting the support they need, when they need it.
Additionally, incidents were not being recorded in the right category, so personally
targeted victims, were more likely to be at higher risk of harm than other victims.
The report for Warwickshire police showed that there had been improvements since
2010 as follows:
• Strong partnership arrangements were in place, with regular meetings to
decide how best to use resources, with appointed staff to advise on the best
way to tackle problems
• The police consulted widely on a new ASB policy to strengthen its approach
particularly focusing on victims (Warwick district pilot)
However, areas for further improvement include:
• The force not consistently identifying vulnerable victims and repeat callers at
first point of contact
• Performance management and analysis of ASB could be strengthened at
• The force should consider conducting a force-wide ASB profile to fully
understand the risks of harm caused by ASB
• Further staff training is needed to identify and respond to ASB incidents
• Satisfaction with the way police dealt with the problem was improved but is
still lower than the national average.
ASB has been the subject of a multi-agency review over the past few months,
resulting in a pilot project in Warwick District, which is now being rolled out across
The project developed a risk assessment system, to identify vulnerable victims of
ASB and ensure that there is support for them at an early stage. This has already
ensured that vulnerable victims, were identified earlier and supported across
agencies, with their risk being significantly reduced. A countywide database is being
developed, for all agencies to use. This will ensure that all vulnerable victims are
supported at an early stage, and that agencies co-ordinate their response to deal
effectively to reduce the risk and take positive action against the perpetrators of
ASB. Warwickshire Anti-Social Behaviour Action Plan 2012-13
The countywide ASB action plan sits alongside this document and will be revised
annually, based on analysis and partner input. All Community Safety Partnerships
have ASB as a priority in their action plans, with their own actions at local level.
Anti-social behaviour is one of the priorities set out in the Community Safety
Agreement. Performance in relation to ASB will therefore be measured through the
CSA delivery plan, and reported to the Safer and Stronger Partnership Board. Due to
the changes in ASB recording, 2011/12 was the baseline year and no target was set.
The target for 2012/13 therefore is to reduce ASB from that baseline.