Nid ydym yn gwybod a yw'r ymateb mwyaf diweddar i'r cais hwn yn cynnwys gwybodaeth neuai peidio - os chi ywMatthew Thompson mewngofnodwch a gadael i bawb wybod.

Use of Juveniles as Covert Human Intelligence Sources

We're waiting for Matthew Thompson to read recent responses and update the status.

Matthew Thompson

Dear Norfolk Constabulary,

I would like to make the following request under the terms of the Freedom of Information Act, 2000.

Since at least 2000, the Government has authorised the use of juveniles as Covert Human Intelligence Sources (CHIS), under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000.

I would like to know how many juvenile CHIS have been used by your force since 2000, if possible disaggregated by age range of child (under 16, and 16 and over), type of crime, and year.

I recognise that data about CHIS operations could potentially allow criminals to determine (or cause them to suspect) that a child has acted against them, posing a risk to children. Therefore if more specific details must be withheld, I would be satisfied with simply knowing how many juvenile CHIS have been used since 2000.

Yours faithfully,

Matthew Thompson

Freedom Of Information (Norfolk), Norfolk Constabulary

Thank you for your email. Emails to this inbox will be monitored between 0800hrs and 1630hrs, Monday to Friday.

For non-emergency calls to Norfolk Constabulary please use the 101 telephone number.

In the case of an emergency, please dial 999.

Freedom Of Information (Norfolk), Norfolk Constabulary

Dear Mr Thompson

Our Ref: FOI 003125/18

Please accept this email as confirmation that your request for information has been received. Please note that as a result of collaborative working, your request is being dealt with as a Joint FOI Request on behalf of Norfolk and Suffolk Constabularies.

Your request will now be considered and you will receive a response within the statutory timescale of 20 working days as defined by the Act, subject to the information not being exempt or containing a reference to a third party. We aim to provide you with a response by 25th September 2018.

A full copy of the Freedom of Information legislation is available online via the website: https://imsva91-ctp.trendmicro.com:443/w...

Should you need to discuss this further please contact us on the details above.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for your interest in Norfolk and Suffolk Constabularies.

Yours sincerely,

 
Amanda Gibson
Freedom of Information Decision Maker
Information Management Department
Norfolk Constabulary
OCC, Jubilee House, Falconer's Chase,
Wymondham, Norfolk, NR18 0WW.
Tel:  01953 425699 ext 2803  
https://imsva91-ctp.trendmicro.com:443/w...

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir

Freedom Of Information (Norfolk), Norfolk Constabulary

2 Atodiad

20^th September 2018

 

Dear Mr Thompson,     

        

Our Ref: FOI 003125/18

 

Please find a PDF document attached in response to your request for
information from Norfolk and Suffolk Constabularies.

                                                                                        

Please note that as a result of collaborative working, your request is
being dealt with as a Joint FOI Request.

 

This is to inform you that all information relating to your request has
been collated and my response is attached.  This request is now complete
and shall be closed immediately.

 

Should any further information be requested regarding this topic, a
separate request will need to be submitted.

 

I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for your interest in
Norfolk and Suffolk Constabularies.

 

Yours sincerely,

 

 

+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|Amanda Gibson |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Freedom of Information Decision Maker |
| |
|Information Management Department |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Norfolk Constabulary |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|OCC, Jubilee House,  Falconer's Chase, |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Wymondham, Norfolk, NR18 0WW. |
| |
|Tel:  01953 425699 ext 2803   |
| |
|[1]www.norfolk.police.uk |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+

 

[2]cid:image003.png@01D3E6C0.982AFDE0

 

References

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1. file:///\\As-occ01f\nc-shared-data\Templates\redir.aspx

Matthew Thompson

Dear Norfolk Constabulary,

Please pass this on to the person who conducts Freedom of Information reviews.

I am writing to request an internal review of Norfolk Constabulary's handling of my FOI request 'Use of Juveniles as Covert Human Intelligence Sources'.

I do not see how my simple request for the numbers of children involved since 2000 is able to be withheld under the exemptions you cite.

You cite the following sections as reasons for not responding to my request:
Section 23(5) Information supplied by, or concerning, certain Security Bodies;
Section 24(2) National Security
Section 30(3) Investigations by virtue of Section 30(2)
Section 31(3) Law Enforcement
Section 38(2) Health and Safety
Section 40(5) Personal Information

If I might take them by turn.

Section 23 applies to information supplied by or relating to security bodies. If I were requesting details of the individuals concerned this might apply. As I am asking merely for a headcount, this will be information held by your police force and not supplied by the security bodies. I also feel that the "relates to" exemption in this case does not apply, as the connection is too remote.

Sections 23 and 24 are mutually exclusive, and so cannot both apply to the same information. As I think 23 doesn't apply, I also suggest that 24 doesn't either. For Section 24 to apply there must be a real possibility that disclosure would undermine national security. This is manifestly not the case. I simply want numbers. Nothing more.

Section 30, as you will know, must be subject to a public interest test. It is my strong view that the use of children as spies may breach the Human Rights Act and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. As such there is a strong public interest in disclosure. There would be no harm in releasing to me a simple number, over a period of 18 years. I will discuss this in further detail below.

Section 31. I simply do not see how the disclosure of a simple number would have any prejudicial impact on any of the areas listed in this Section. Again I repeat, I am asking not for detailed information on dates, or any personal information. As detailed in my request, I am asking for a simple minimum, of a number of children used over a period of 18 years. It is not at all clear to me how the disclosure of that number will have any negative impact, other than from a PR standpoint, which is not what the exemptions exist for.

Section 38 does not apply in my view for much the same reason. Asking for a number that could relate to any investigation over a period of nearly two decades would not endanger any individual. It is far too broad a period of time, and too limited in detail to identify any individual. Again, as it is a qualified exemption, I believe the public interest in disclosure is much greater than the negligible risk to an individual.

Finally, Section 40. I cannot see any reasonable definition whereby the disclosure of a headcount constitutes personal information. I believe this has been misapplied.

In light of all of the above, I would ask you to reconsider, and please disclose to me the number of children used as CHIS from the year 2000 to the present.

Yours faithfully,

Matthew Thompson

Freedom Of Information (Norfolk), Norfolk Constabulary

Dear Mr Thompson,

Internal Review Ref: 003564/18

Please accept this email as confirmation that we have received a request for an internal review of our response to your Freedom of Information request.

The Constabulary will provide you with a response to your internal review request in as short a timescale as possible, taking account of the Information Commissioner Officers guidance within 20 working days or by the 26th October 2018.

Yours sincerely,

Nina Moore
Freedom of Information Researcher
Information Management Department
Norfolk Constabulary
OCC, Jubilee House,  Falconer's Chase,
Wymondham, Norfolk, NR18 0WW.
Tel:  01953 425699 ext 2804 
https://imsva91-ctp.trendmicro.com:443/w...

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir

Freedom Of Information (Norfolk), Norfolk Constabulary

2 Atodiad

Dear Mr Thompson

 

Our ref: IR 003564/18

 

Please see attached response to your request for an internal review.  This
has been undertaken by Mr John McGuire, the Information Compliance
Manager.

 

Yours sincerely

 

 

+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|Amanda Gibson |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Freedom of Information Decision Maker |
| |
|Information Management Department |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Norfolk Constabulary |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|OCC, Jubilee House,  Falconer's Chase, |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|Wymondham, Norfolk, NR18 0WW. |
| |
|Tel:  01953 425699 ext 2803   |
| |
|[1]www.norfolk.police.uk |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+

 

[2]cid:image003.png@01D3E6C0.982AFDE0

 

References

Visible links
1. file:///\\As-occ01f\nc-shared-data\Templates\redir.aspx

Nid ydym yn gwybod a yw'r ymateb mwyaf diweddar i'r cais hwn yn cynnwys gwybodaeth neuai peidio - os chi ywMatthew Thompson mewngofnodwch a gadael i bawb wybod.