Dear Essex Police,

I am collating statistics from all 43 police forces in England and Wales regarding the surge in
‘Romance Fraud’, that is, fraud committed by targeting and preying on vulnerable women. Please the below BBC article for reference. On many occasions fraud is committed under the Fraud Act 2006 where the perpetrator obtains a gain and the victim a loss.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-4863...

Additionally, perpetrators create and utilise fake accounts on certain dating sites and begin intimate relationships with their targets where no notifiable crime is committed under NCRS.

Using your search filters, could you please provide the following information under the FOIA?

Number of notifiable crimes under heading, including any reports of rape subject to a crime report for:

2014 - 15 / 2015 - 16 / 2016 - 17 / 2017 - 18 / 2018 - 2019

Number of non crime incidents, including rape for:

2014 - 15 / 2015 - 16 / 2016 - 17 / 2017 - 18 / 2018 - 2019

Yours faithfully,

Scott Winters.

Info Rights Freedom Essex, Essex Police

1 Atodiad

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above reference
13552.

Under the Freedom of Information Act we are required to reply within 20
working days.  The Act does not specify a limit to the number of
information requests a public authority may receive or the number of
requests or questions an applicant may submit.  However, there are
exemptions in the Act that can apply and these include where the cost of
complying with the request would extend beyond the reasonable cost limit,
(currently 18 hours or £450), or if the request is otherwise manifestly
unreasonable in its scope or nature. 

 

Requests that ask a great many questions, or a number of detailed requests
submitted at the same time, may make it necessary for Essex Police to
refuse the requests wholly or in part. The exemption at s14 may be engaged
if the burden on the authority is increased through multiple requests on
differing subjects

 

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has responsibility for
providing oversight and guidance for the legislation and they have
produced advice for applicants on submitting effective requests.  Further
information can be found on the Commissioner’s website at
[1]www.ico.gov.uk specific information relating to submitting a request
can be found at:
[2]https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/offici...

                                                      

While we process your request, please take the time to consider the ICO’s
advice and whether you feel it may be beneficial to amend or refine your
request. Our team is happy to discuss your request with you and will be
able to provide advice as to what kind of information will be available
from Essex Police.

 

Kind regards,

 

Information Rights Team

Information Management Department

Strategic Change Directorate

E-Mail: [3][email address]

 

[4]cid:image001.png@01D3E908.EC4D1080

 

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests
[5]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to:
 [6][email address]

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

           

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner. Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [7]https://ico.org.uk/

 

 

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir

Info Rights Freedom Essex, Essex Police

2 Atodiad

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above
reference.

 

Section 1 of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOIA) places two duties
on public authorities. Unless exemptions apply, the first duty at Section
1(1)(a) is to confirm or deny whether the information specified in a
request is held. The second duty at Section 1(1)(b) is to disclose
information that has been confirmed as being held. Where exemptions are
relied upon Section 17 of the FOIA requires that we provide the applicant
with a notice which: a) states that fact b) specifies the exemption(s) in
question and c) states (if that would not otherwise be apparent) why the
exemption applies.

 

In respect of your enquiry:

 

I am collating statistics from all 43 police forces in England and Wales
regarding the surge in ‘Romance Fraud’, that is, fraud committed by
targeting and preying on vulnerable women. Please the below BBC article
for reference. On many occasions fraud is committed under the Fraud Act
2006 where the perpetrator obtains a gain and the victim a loss.

 

[1]https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-4863...

 

Additionally, perpetrators create and utilise fake accounts on certain
dating sites and begin intimate relationships with their targets where no
notifiable crime is committed under NCRS.

 

Using your search filters, could you please provide the following
information under the FOIA?

 

Number of notifiable crimes under heading, including any reports of rape
subject to a crime report for:

 

2014 - 15 / 2015 - 16 / 2016 - 17 / 2017 - 18 / 2018 - 2019

 

Number of non crime incidents, including rape for:

 

2014 - 15 / 2015 - 16 / 2016 - 17 / 2017 - 18 / 2018 - 2019

 

Having completed enquiries within Essex Police in respect of Section
1(1)(a), Essex Police does hold information relating to your request,
however, the obligation of Section 1(1)(b) cannot be met as Essex Police
does not hold all the information requested in a format that allows it to
be retrieved within the time and cost limits of FOI.

 

When responding to a request for information under the terms of the FOIA,
a public authority is not obliged to provide information if the authority
estimates that the cost of the retrieval of the information requested
would be in excess of £450 (equivalent to 18 hours work). The costs
criteria relates to a request in its entirety, which means that if we
cannot retrieve all of the information requested within the costs limit,
we are not obliged to retrieve any of the information requested.

 

Section 12(1) of the FOIA states that a public authority is not obliged
to:

 

“…comply with a request for information if the authority estimates that
the cost of complying with the request would exceed the appropriate
limit.”

 

The following explanation outlines the difficulty Essex Police has in
answering your request:

 

Essex Police are unable to accurately extract the level of detail in
relation to how many occasions ‘Romance Fraud’ is committed under the
Fraud Act 2006 where the perpetrator obtains a gain and the victim a loss
or the number of notifiable crimes/non crime incidents for Romance Fraud’
from our current systems.  Essex Police systems are designed primarily for
the management of individual cases and not primarily for the production of
statistical information. This request would entail extracting all fraud
cases, crime/incident reports and then reviewing each case one by one to
establish if it meets the criteria. To establish if information is held
would, therefore, exceed the time and cost limits under the FOIA and would
qualify as the creation of data as the results cannot be processed by
means of purely sorting or filtering data sources or running a database
query tool. There is no requirement under the act to create data purely to
answer FOI requests.

 

Consequently, and to this extent, Essex Police are exempt from the duty to
provide information you have requested under the provisions of Section
12(1) of the FOIA. Therefore, and in accordance with Section 17(1) of the
FOIA, this communication must act as a refusal notice to provide all of
the information that could be interpreted as being captured by this part
of your request.

 

Section 16(1) of the FOIA provides that a public authority is required to
provide advice and assistance, Essex Police can confirm that we can
provide data based on the Home Office Counting Rules regarding offences of
rape, indecent assault, etc if of use. These offences are more likely to
be extracted from our systems together with outcomes and age/gender if
required. Please see below link:

 

[2]https://www.gov.uk/government/publicatio...

 

You may also find the below link of interest:

 

[3]https://www.actionfraud.police.uk/

 

Thank you for your interest in Essex Police and we are sorry that we have
not been able to provide the information you have requested on this
occasion. If you do require further information a new request will need to
be submitted and the request will be dealt with accordingly.

 

Kind regards

 

 

Information Management Department | Information Rights Section | Essex
Police

Telephone: 01245 452647 | Email: [4][email address]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA  (for Sat Nav directions,
use CM2 6DN for HQ)

[5]cid:image001.png@01D4EA0F.18BBB1F0

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests: 
[6]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to:  [7]info.rights.freedom@essex. police.uk

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

 

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner.  Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [8]https://ico.org.uk/

 

 

 

From: Info Rights Freedom Essex
Sent: 21 August 2019 10:34
To: 'Scott Winters' <[FOI #598409 email]>
Subject: FOI 13552 - Romance Fraud

 

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above reference
13552.

Under the Freedom of Information Act we are required to reply within 20
working days.  The Act does not specify a limit to the number of
information requests a public authority may receive or the number of
requests or questions an applicant may submit.  However, there are
exemptions in the Act that can apply and these include where the cost of
complying with the request would extend beyond the reasonable cost limit,
(currently 18 hours or £450), or if the request is otherwise manifestly
unreasonable in its scope or nature. 

 

Requests that ask a great many questions, or a number of detailed requests
submitted at the same time, may make it necessary for Essex Police to
refuse the requests wholly or in part. The exemption at s14 may be engaged
if the burden on the authority is increased through multiple requests on
differing subjects

 

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has responsibility for
providing oversight and guidance for the legislation and they have
produced advice for applicants on submitting effective requests.  Further
information can be found on the Commissioner’s website at
[9]www.ico.gov.uk specific information relating to submitting a request
can be found at:
[10]https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/offici...

                                                      

While we process your request, please take the time to consider the ICO’s
advice and whether you feel it may be beneficial to amend or refine your
request. Our team is happy to discuss your request with you and will be
able to provide advice as to what kind of information will be available
from Essex Police.

 

Kind regards,

 

Information Rights Team

Information Management Department

Strategic Change Directorate

E-Mail: [11][email address]

 

[12]cid:image001.png@01D3E908.EC4D1080

 

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests
[13]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to:
 [14][email address]

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

           

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner. Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [15]https://ico.org.uk/

 

 

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir