Pressure point interference

Mae'r ymateb i'r cais hwn yn hwyr iawn. Yn ôl y gyfraith, ym mhob amgylchiad, dylai Essex Police fod wedi ymateb erbyn hyn. (manylion). Gallwch gwyno drwy yn gofyn am adolygiad mewnol.

Matilda Littlewood

Dear Essex Police,

The Essex Police is trained to use pressure points to inflict pain and discomfort on civilians and to command their compliance through pain. For the purpose of preventing a restriction of scope by you on this claim, a pressure point is any part of the body which pressure can be applied which causes pain.

I request the following:

1. The legal basis of using such a method.
2. Copies of training manuals, procedures, guidance etc on the use of such methods.
3. A disclosure as to whether or not the use of this method is generally recorded after each use and how.
4. Copies of procedures and regulations regarding the use of this method.
5. So far as not included in number 4, details on who is allowed to use such methods and in what circumstances, what training they receive, how frequent the use of the method is reviewed on an individual basis, advice/rules/procedures on who this method can be used on and when it can be used.
6. Any risk assessments of the use of this method.
7. Details of all pressure points and methods used by the Essex Police.
8. Statistics for injuries caused by this method.
9. Details on who has authorised this method for use on the public.

Yours faithfully,
Matilda Littlewood

Info Rights Freedom Essex, Essex Police

1 Atodiad

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above
reference. 

 

Please note that Essex Police are actively publishing information within
our publication scheme webpage, information supplied as part of this
request could be used within the scheme.  Please click on the following
link to search details of existing publications
[1]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/af/ac....

 

Under the Freedom of Information Act we are required to reply within 20
working days.  The Act does not specify a limit to the number of
information requests a public authority may receive or the number of
requests or questions an applicant may submit.  However, there are
exemptions in the Act that can apply and these include where the cost of
complying with the request would extend beyond the reasonable cost limit,
(currently 18 hours or £450), or if the request is otherwise manifestly
unreasonable in its scope or nature. 

 

Requests that ask a great many questions, or a number of detailed requests
submitted at the same time, may make it necessary for Essex Police to
refuse the requests wholly or in part.  The exemption at Section 14 may be
engaged if the burden on the authority is increased through multiple
requests on differing subjects.

 

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has responsibility for
providing oversight and guidance for the legislation and they have
produced advice for applicants on submitting effective requests.  Further
information can be found on the Commissioner’s website at
[2]www.ico.gov.uk, specific information relating to submitting a request
can be found at: 
[3]https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/offici...

 

While we process your request, please take the time to consider the ICO’s
advice and whether you feel it may be beneficial to amend or refine your
request.  Our team is happy to discuss your request with you and will be
able to provide advice as to what kind of information will be available
from Essex Police.

 

Although every effort will be made to ensure a response is provided within
statutory deadlines, due to current circumstances, delays may be
unavoidable.  We apologise for any inconvenience and will endeavour to
process your request as quickly as is practicable.

 

Please ensure all future enquiries are sent to the
[4][Essex Police request email] mailbox.

 

Kind regards

 

 

FOI Team | Information Management Department | Information Rights Section
| Essex Police

Telephone: 101 | Email: [5][Essex Police request email]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA  (for Sat Nav directions,
use CM2 6DN for HQ)

 

Information Management aspires to be: Helpful, Inclusive & Professional

 

Essex Police have developed a publication strategy, our aim is to reduce
the demand within the FOI Department and to provide knowledge to the
public to include previous and combined FOI requests together with
relevant links and information.

 

Please visit this area of our website before submitting FOI requests as
information may already be available.

 

[6]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/af/ac...

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests:
[7]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to: [8]info.rights.freedom@essex. police.uk

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

 

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner. Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [9]https://ico.org.uk/

 

 

 

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir

Info Rights Freedom Essex, Essex Police

2 Atodiad

Link: [1]File-List
Link: [2]Edit-Time-Data

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above
reference.

 

Section 1 of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOIA) places two duties
on public authorities.  Unless exemptions apply, the first duty at Section
1(1)(a) is to confirm or deny whether the information specified in a
request is held.  The second duty at Section 1(1)(b) is to disclose
information that has been confirmed as being held.  Where exemptions are
relied upon Section 17 of FOIA requires that we provide the applicant with
a notice which: a) states that fact b) specifies the exemption(s) in
question and c) states (if that would not otherwise be apparent) why the
exemption applies.

 

In respect of your enquiry:

 

The Essex Police is trained to use pressure points to inflict pain and
discomfort on civilians and to command their compliance through pain.  For
the purpose of preventing a restriction of scope by you on this claim, a
pressure point is any part of the body which pressure can be applied which
causes pain.

 

I request the following:

 

1. The legal basis of using such a method.

2. Copies of training manuals, procedures, guidance etc on the use of such
methods.

3. A disclosure as to whether or not the use of this method is generally
recorded after each use and how.

4. Copies of procedures and regulations regarding the use of this method.

5. So far as not included in number 4, details on who is allowed to use
such methods and in what circumstances, what training they receive, how
frequent the use of the method is reviewed on an individual basis,
advice/rules/procedures on who this method can be used on and when it can
be used.

6. Any risk assessments of the use of this method.

7. Details of all pressure points and methods used by the Essex Police.

8. Statistics for injuries caused by this method.

9. Details on who has authorised this method for use on the public.

 

Having completed enquiries within Essex Police in respect of Section
1(1)(a), Essex Police does hold information relating to your request,
Essex Police can confirm in respect of Section 1(1)(b) the following data:

 

Caveat:  The data is correct as at 29 June 2021.

 

1. The legal basis of using such a method.

Section 3 Criminal Law Act – which looks at the right of anyone to use
force to prevent crime or affect lawful arrest.

Section 117 PACE – which looks at force the Police only can use around
various PACE powers, i.e. Search, entry to premises etc.

Common Law – which looks at the right for anyone to defend themselves.

 

2. Copies of training manuals, procedures, guidance etc on the use of such
methods.

Use of force advice features throughout Probationary Officers initial
Personal Safety Training together with Officers Refresher Training
completed yearly.  This is a constant theme referred to throughout
training slides and discussions.

 

3. A disclosure as to whether or not the use of this method is generally
recorded after each use and how.

All Officer use of force is recorded through Officers submitting Use of
Force Forms under such circumstances.

 

4. Copies of procedures and regulations regarding the use of this method.

No information held.

 

5. So far as not included in number 4, details on who is allowed to use
such methods and in what circumstances, what training they receive, how
frequent the use of the method is reviewed on an individual basis,
advice/rules/procedures on who this method can be used on and when it can
be used.

All Police Officers and Special Constables receive training on use of
force.  Policies and procedures are reviewed in line with force
timeframes, where they exist.

 

6. Any risk assessments of the use of this method.

Officers are required to perform dynamic risk assessments for everything
they do.  Any use of force needs to be justified by the individual and is
usually factored into an Officer’s statement following incident or arrest
where a use of force has been used.

 

7. Details of all pressure points and methods used by the Essex Police.

The NPCC Personal Safety Manual outlines a number of recognised pressure
points that the Essex Personal Safety Team teach to students, these
include:

o Ear
o Neck Side
o Collar
o Nose (bridge of any underneath).

 

These techniques are taught to both initial and refresher students.

 

8. Statistics for injuries caused by this method.

No information held.

 

9. Details on who has authorised this method for use on the public.

All policies and procedures are ultimately owned by the Head of Profession
on behalf of the Chief Constable where they exist.

 

You may also find the below links of interest:

 

[3]https://www.essex.police.uk/police-force...

 

[4]https://www.gov.uk/government/collection...

 

[5]https://www.app.college.police.uk/app-co...

 

[6]Conduct & Professional Standards - Essex Police, Fire & Crime
Commissioner (pfcc.police.uk)

 

[7]https://www.essex.police.uk/SysSiteAsset...

 

[8]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/essex...

 

[9]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/essex...

 

Section 16(1) of the FOIA provides that a public authority is required to
provide advice and assistance, Essex Police can confirm that injury data
relating to use of force i.e. mild, severe and medical attention can be
provided if required.  We are unable to extract injury data relating to
use of force and the Pressure Point Tactic as this is grouped under
Unarmed Skills.  If you do require further information a new request will
need to be submitted and the request will be dealt with accordingly.

 

The intention of Section 16 is to provide assistance in resubmitting a
valid request.  Please note that any advice and assistance under Section
16 regarding resubmission of a request does not indicate that resubmission
will provide a full disclosure, each submission will be assessed and if a
disclosure is deemed harmful, then the appropriate exemptions will apply.

 

Essex Police trusts that the information provided is of assistance.  Thank
you for your interest in Essex Police.

 

Kind regards

 

 

FOI Team | Information Management Department | Information Rights Section
| Essex Police

Telephone: 101 | Email: [10][Essex Police request email]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA  (for Sat Nav directions,
use CM2 6DN for HQ)

 

Information Management aspires to be: Helpful, Inclusive & Professional

 

Essex Police have developed a publication strategy, our aim is to reduce
the demand within the FOI Department and to provide knowledge to the
public to include previous and combined FOI requests together with
relevant links and information.

 

Please visit this area of our website before submitting FOI requests as
information may already be available.

 

[11]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/af/ac...

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests:
[12]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to: [13]info.rights.freedom@essex. police.uk

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

 

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner. Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [14]https://ico.org.uk/

 

 

 

From: Info Rights Freedom Essex <[Essex Police request email]>
Sent: 28 June 2021 15:40
To: Matilda Littlewood <[FOI #768791 email]>
Subject: FOI 15861 Pressure Point Interference

 

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above
reference.

Please note that Essex Police are actively publishing information within
our publication scheme webpage, information supplied as part of this
request could be used within the scheme. Please click on the following
link to search details of existing publications
[15]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/af/ac....

Under the Freedom of Information Act we are required to reply within 20
working days. The Act does not specify a limit to the number of
information requests a public authority may receive or the number of
requests or questions an applicant may submit. However, there are
exemptions in the Act that can apply and these include where the cost of
complying with the request would extend beyond the reasonable cost limit,
(currently 18 hours or £450), or if the request is otherwise manifestly
unreasonable in its scope or nature.

Requests that ask a great many questions, or a number of detailed requests
submitted at the same time, may make it necessary for Essex Police to
refuse the requests wholly or in part. The exemption at Section 14 may be
engaged if the burden on the authority is increased through multiple
requests on differing subjects.

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has responsibility for
providing oversight and guidance for the legislation and they have
produced advice for applicants on submitting effective requests. Further
information can be found on the Commissioner’s website at
[16]www.ico.gov.uk, specific information relating to submitting a request
can be found at:
[17]https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/offici...

While we process your request, please take the time to consider the ICO’s
advice and whether you feel it may be beneficial to amend or refine your
request. Our team is happy to discuss your request with you and will be
able to provide advice as to what kind of information will be available
from Essex Police.

Although every effort will be made to ensure a response is provided within
statutory deadlines, due to current circumstances, delays may be
unavoidable. We apologise for any inconvenience and will endeavour to
process your request as quickly as is practicable.

Please ensure all future enquiries are sent to the
[18][Essex Police request email] mailbox.

Kind regards

FOI Team | Information Management Department | Information Rights Section
| Essex Police

Telephone: 101 | Email: [19][Essex Police request email]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA (for Sat Nav directions, use
CM2 6DN for HQ)

Information Management aspires to be: Helpful, Inclusive & Professional

Essex Police have developed a publication strategy, our aim is to reduce
the demand within the FOI Department and to provide knowledge to the
public to include previous and combined FOI requests together with
relevant links and information.

Please visit this area of our website before submitting FOI requests as
information may already be available.

[20]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/af/ac...

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests:
[21]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

Your right to complain

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to: [22]info.rights.freedom@essex. police.uk

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner. Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [23]https://ico.org.uk/

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir

Dear Essex Police,

Please pass this on to the person who conducts Freedom of Information reviews.

I am writing to request an internal review of Essex Police's handling of my FOI request 'Pressure point interference'.

You have failed to provide me with copies of slides, training details etc of the use of torture your dangerous organisation.

A full history of my FOI request and all correspondence is available on the Internet at this address: https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/p...

Yours faithfully,

Matilda Littlewood

Info Rights Freedom Essex, Essex Police

1 Atodiad

Essex Police is in receipt of your complaint to FOI request FOI 15861
regarding Pressure Point Interference.

 

Essex Police will conduct a review as requested.

 

As you will be aware the Information Commissioner's guidance for reviews
held under Section 50 of the Act is that they should be completed
within twenty working days of receipt of the complaint (unless exceptional
circumstances arise in which case the authority may extend the deadline by
a further twenty days) this will give a deadline of the 23/08/2021.

 

As advised in our reply if you are not content with the outcome of the
review, you have the right to apply directly to the Information
Commissioner for a decision. The Information Commissioner can be contacted
at: Information Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane,
Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9 5AF or via [1]http://www.ico.gov.uk/

 

We will write again by that date.

 

Kind regards

 

 

FOI Team | Information Management Department | Information Rights Section
| Essex Police

Telephone: 101 | Email: [2][Essex Police request email]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA  (for Sat Nav directions,
use CM2 6DN for HQ)

 

Information Management aspires to be: Helpful, Inclusive & Professional

 

Essex Police have developed a publication strategy, our aim is to reduce
the demand within the FOI Department and to provide knowledge to the
public to include previous and combined FOI requests together with
relevant links and information.

 

Please visit this area of our website before submitting FOI requests as
information may already be available.

 

[3]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/af/ac...

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests:
[4]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to: [5]info.rights.freedom@essex. police.uk

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

 

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner. Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [6]https://ico.org.uk/

 

 

 

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir