Police informants - Northamptonshire Police

Jenna Corderoy made this Rhyddid Gwybodaeth request to Northamptonshire Police

This request has been closed to new correspondence from the public body. Contact us if you think it ought be re-opened.

Roedd y cais yn rhannol lwyddiannus.

Dear Northamptonshire Police,

This is a request for information under the Freedom of Information Act. Please note there are two parts to this request.

First part:

For the financial years 2012/2013, 2013/2014, 2014/2015, 2015/2016, 2016/2017 and available data for 2017/2018, I would like to know how much money the police force has paid out to informants. Please provide a breakdown for each financial year.

Second part:

If possible and if easily retrievable, please indicate how much the highest paid informant has received from the police force.

I would like to receive the information electronically. If you feel that a substantive response to this request is not possible within a reasonable time frame, or the request is too broad or too vague, I would be grateful if you could contact me and provide assistance as to how I could refine the request. Many thanks.

Yours faithfully,

Jenna Corderoy

Kelly Ian,

Dear Ms Corderoy

RE: FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT 2000 - REQUEST FOR INFORMATION Our Ref: 003936/17

I write in reply to your e-mail received 11/08/2017 requesting information as reproduced below.

Our reference for the request is 003936/17.

Your request is being processed and you may expect a reply within 20 working days, which will be 11/09/2017. In some circumstances we may not be able to achieve this timescale, but if this is likely to be the case you will be informed at the earliest opportunity and given a revised timescale.

Yours sincerely

Ian Kelly
Information Unit Manager
Tel: 101 Ext 346940
[email address]
Force Headquarters, Wootton Hall, Northampton, NN4 0JQ
If calling from outside Northamptonshire please call 03000 111 222
Northamptonshire Police: Putting Communities First

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir

Kelly Ian,

1 Atodiad

Dear Ms Corderoy   

 

RE: FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT 2000 - REQUEST FOR INFORMATION Our Ref:
003936/17

 

With reference to your e-mail received 11/08/2017 requesting information
as reproduced below:

 

For the financial years 2012/2013, 2013/2014, 2014/2015, 2015/2016,
2016/2017 and available data for 2017/2018, I would like to know how much
money the police force has  paid out to informants. Please provide a
breakdown for each financial year.

 

If possible and if easily retrievable, please indicate how much the
highest paid informant has received from the police force.

 

I can confirm that Northamptonshire Police holds the information requested
as follows:

 

1.

April 2010 - March 2011 - £37,155.00

April 2011 - March 2012 - £24,332.84

April 2012 - March 2013 - £40,927.50

April 2013 - March 2014 - £59,989.69

April 2014 – March 2015 - £68,555.99

April 2015 - March 2016 - £71,095

April 2016 – March 2017 - £62132.99

 

Please note that we only provide information for completed financial
years, please see the exemption below

 

2. Please see exemption below

 

Northamptonshire Police can neither confirm nor deny that it holds any
other information with regard to an exempt body as the duty in Section
1(1)(a) of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 does not apply by virtue of
the following exemption:

 

Section 23(5) Information Supplied by, or concerning, certain Security
Bodies

Section 24(2) National Security

Section 30(2) Investigations and Proceedings Conducted by Public
Authorities

 

Section 23 is a class based absolute exemption and there is no requirement
to consider the public interest in this case.

Section 24 is a prejudice based qualified exemption and there is a
requirement to consider the public interest in this case.

 

Evidence of Harm Section 24

Disclosure of informants data could impact on the recruitment and
retention of CHIS in general, due to the perception of (rather than the
actual) risk of identification. In an Information Tribunal case relating
to the payments made to CHIS in Croydon (EA/2010/0006), it was accepted
that this argument applied as much to CHIS providing intelligence in
relation to national security concerns as to CHIS engaged in countering
more traditional criminal threats.  In this way, the disclosure of the
requested information would damage national security through discouraging
current national security CHIS from cooperating with the police service in
other geographical areas, or preventing the recruitment of national
security CHIS in the future – regardless of whether the area in question
actually currently runs CHIS reporting on serious crime, terrorist or
other threats.

 

Public Interest test for S24

Factors favouring confirming or denying that any other information is held
for Section 24

Confirmation or denial that any other information exists relevant to the
request would lead to a better informed public and the public are entitled
to know how public funds are spent. The information simply relates to
national security and disclosure would not actually harm it.

 

Factors against confirming or denying that any other information is held
for Section 24

Other organisations outside the police service are also widely engaged in
rewarding informants in a number of ways, and therefore by confirming or
denying that any other information exists relevant to the request would
harm the close relationship that exists with such organisations, where
trust and confidence in this specific area has been built up in the
exchange of information and financial assistance during the Criminal
Justice process.

 

To confirm or deny whether Northamptonshire Police holds any additional
information would allow inferences to be made about the nature and extent
of national security related activities which may or may not take place in
a given area. This could enable terrorist groups to take steps to avoid
detection, and as such, confirmation or denial would be damaging to
national security

 

By confirming or denying any policing arrangements of this nature would
render national security measures less effective. This would lead to the
compromise of ongoing or future operations to protect the security or
infra-structure of the UK and increase the risk of harm to the public.

 

Balance test for Section 24

The Police Service is charged with enforcing the law, preventing and
detecting crime and protecting the communities we serve. The security of
the country is of paramount importance and the Police service will not
divulge whether information is or is not held if to do so would place the
safety of an individual at risk or undermine National Security. Whilst
there is a public interest in the transparency of policing operations and
providing assurance that the police service is appropriately and
effectively engaging with the threat from criminals, there is a very
strong public interest in safeguarding both national security and the
integrity of police investigations and operations in this highly sensitive
area. As much as there is public interest in knowing that policing
activity is appropriate and balanced in matters of national security, this
will only be overridden in exceptional circumstances.

 

It is therefore our opinion that for these issues the balancing test for
confirming or not that information is held, is not made out.

 

Section 30(2) Investigations and Proceedings Conducted by Public
Authorities

Obtaining of information from confidential sources

The public is interested in how the Police Service spends public funds and
has a right to know, and I have therefore disclosed the overall spend
above. However I will not break it down into the number of payments made
as to do so would or could indicate varying levels of reward on offer for
supporting the police in their investigations however it is obtained and
in line with the above arguments

 

Section 30 Public Interest Considerations

 

Factors favouring disclosure

 

There is information within the public domain confirming that police use
covert human intelligence sources to assist them with investigations and
the effective delivery of law enforcement.  Disclosure would enhance the
public’s knowledge about how information relating to informants is used by
Northamptonshire Police and how the intelligence received assists in day
to day investigations and operations to assist the prevention and
detection of crime and the apprehension and prosecution of offenders. 

 

Disclosure would also assist in stopping any incorrect rumours or
falsehoods relating to how the police store and manage how informants
assist the police.

 

Factors favouring non-disclosure

 

Disclosure of the information requested could identify informant activity
within a force area.  Over a period of time if several disclosures were
made, individuals could analyse the information and identify any sudden
peaks or troughs in informant activity.  This would hinder the prevention
and detection of crime and also prejudice our ability to maintain
confidential sources.  Consequently, the force’s future law enforcement
capabilities would be affected. 

 

Balancing Test

 

There is information within the public domain confirming that police use
covert human intelligence sources to assist them with investigations and
the effective delivery of law enforcement.  The Police Service is tasked
with protecting the community we serve and solving crime and there is a
public interest argument in ensuring we are open and transparent with
regard to policing investigations and operations.  There is no doubt that
for the issues outlined above any disclosure relating to sensitive
informant information would jeopardise those important roles. 

 

As has been mentioned informants play a vital role in assisting the
police, and is based very much on relationships built on trust and the
expectation of complete confidentiality Northamptonshire Police would
never disclose information which would compromise our tactics.

 

It is therefore our opinion that the balance lies in favour of
non-disclosure of the information.

 

I trust you find this information to be satisfactory but if you have any
further queries please do not hesitate to contact me.

 

Northamptonshire Police provides a review and appeals procedure within the
terms of the Freedom of Information Act 2000. If you decide to make an
appeal and, having followed the full process you are still dissatisfied,
you will then have the right to direct your comments to the Information
Commissioner who will give due consideration to the matter. See Appendix
'a' attached.

 

Yours sincerely

 

 

Ian Kelly
Information Unit Manager
Tel: 101 Ext 346940
[1][email address] 
Force Headquarters, Wootton Hall, Northampton, NN4 0JQ
If calling from outside Northamptonshire please call 03000 111 222
Northamptonshire Police: Putting Communities First

 

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir

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