Nid ydym yn gwybod a yw'r ymateb mwyaf diweddar i'r cais hwn yn cynnwys gwybodaeth neuai peidio - os chi ywKenneth Lowe mewngofnodwch a gadael i bawb wybod.

Dioxins from incinerators in sheep meat and milk

We're waiting for Kenneth Lowe to read recent responses and update the status.

Dear Environment Agency,

Please consider the following request under the Environmental Information Regulations 2004.

There is evidence that sheep meat and milk can contain particularly high levels of dioxins:

a) EFSA 2011 statement “Scientific Opinion on the risk to public health related to the presence of high levels of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs in liver from sheep and deer”

b) Brambilla G, Abate V, Battacone G, De Filippis SP, Esposito M, Esposito V, Miniero R (2016) Potential impact on food safety and food security from persistent organic pollutants in top soil improvers on Mediterranean pasture. Sci Total Environ 543:581–590

c) Battisti, S., Scaramozzino, P., Boselli, C. et al. A retrospective study on dioxins and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls in milk and dairy products from the Latium region (Italy) over a 7-year study period (2011–2017). Environ Sci Pollut Res (2022).

The Environment Agency requires municipal waste incinerator permit applicants to predict human intake of dioxins (and dioxin-like compounds) but the models do not typically include the human consumption of sheep meat nor sheep milk/cheese.

1. Please provide the evidence held by the EA that modelling predictions of the human intake of dioxins (and dioxin-like compounds) does not underestimate human dioxin intakes if the model used does not include the human consumption of sheep meat and sheep milk/cheese .

2. Please provide any information held by the EA that estimates (or quantifies) how actual human intake of dioxins (and dioxin-like compounds) could differ from modelling intake predictions because of the omission of sheep meat and sheep milk/cheese from the modelling.

Thank you for your assistance.

Yours faithfully,

K. Lowe

National Requests, Environment Agency

6 Atodiad

Dear Kenneth

 

Thank you for your below request. 

 

We are treating your enquiry as an Information Request under the
Environmental Information Regulations 2004/Freedom of Information Act
2000. 

 

Your request will be dealt with by our National Request Team under
reference NR286400. 

 

The Environment Agency covers England only.  

 

For Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales, please see the links below: 

 

[1]http://www.sepa.org.uk/ 

 

[2]https://www.daera-ni.gov.uk/northern-ire...

 

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More details on your rights and how we will process your personal
information can be found in our Personal Information Charter: 

 

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The Environment Agency’s obligation under the relevant legislation is to
provide you with the requested information within 20 working days from the
date your enquiry is received, but we shall endeavour to respond as soon
as we can.  

 

In the meantime should you have any queries regarding this request please
contact us at: [5][E-bost cais Environment Agency] 

 

Kind regards 

 

Dominic Wooler

National Request Team

National Customer Contact Centre (NCCC)

Contact Centre Services - Part of Operations, Regulation & Customer

Environment Agency

 

( Tel: 03708 506 506

: Web Site: [6]www.gov.uk/environment-agency

[7][IMG]

[8][IMG][9][IMG][10][IMG][11][IMG][12][IMG]

 

 

 

From: Kenneth Lowe <[Cais Rhyddid Gwybodaeth e-bost #914820 ]>
Sent: 08 November 2022 10:16
To: National Requests <[E-bost cais Environment Agency]>
Subject: Freedom of Information request - Dioxins from incinerators in
sheep meat and milk

 

[You don't often get email from
[13][Cais Rhyddid Gwybodaeth e-bost #914820 ]. Learn why this is
important at [14]https://aka.ms/LearnAboutSenderIdentific... ]

 

Dear Environment Agency,

 

 

 

Please consider the following request under the Environmental Information
Regulations 2004.

 

 

 

There is evidence that sheep meat and milk can contain particularly high
levels of dioxins:

 

 

 

a) EFSA 2011 statement “Scientific Opinion on the risk to public health
related to the presence of high levels of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs in
liver from sheep and deer”

 

 

 

b) Brambilla G, Abate V, Battacone G, De Filippis SP, Esposito M, Esposito
V, Miniero R (2016) Potential impact on food safety and food security from
persistent organic pollutants in top soil improvers on Mediterranean
pasture. Sci Total Environ 543:581–590

 

 

 

c) Battisti, S., Scaramozzino, P., Boselli, C. et al. A retrospective
study on dioxins and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls in milk and
dairy products from the Latium region (Italy) over a 7-year study period
(2011–2017). Environ Sci Pollut Res (2022).

 

 

 

The Environment Agency requires municipal waste incinerator permit
applicants to predict human intake of dioxins (and dioxin-like compounds)
but the models do not typically include the human consumption of sheep
meat nor sheep milk/cheese.

 

 

 

1. Please provide the evidence held by the EA that modelling predictions
of the human intake of dioxins (and dioxin-like compounds) does not
underestimate human dioxin intakes if the model used does not include the
human consumption of sheep meat and sheep milk/cheese .

 

 

 

2. Please provide any information held by the EA that estimates (or
quantifies) how actual human intake of dioxins (and dioxin-like compounds)
could differ from modelling intake predictions because of the omission of
sheep meat and sheep milk/cheese from the modelling.

 

 

 

Thank you for your assistance.

 

 

 

Yours faithfully,

 

 

 

K. Lowe

 

 

 

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dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir

National Requests, Environment Agency

Dear Kenneth

 

Enquiry regarding Dioxins from incinerators in sheep meat and milk

 

Thank you for your enquiry which was received on 8 November 2022.

 

We respond to requests under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and
Environmental Information Regulations 2004.

 

We do not hold specific evidence or information on the topics pertaining
to your questions. However, the 1996 HMIP Risk Assessment of Dioxin
Releases from Municipal Waste Incineration Processes document (HMIP 1996)
provides dose estimation methods for dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs), within
these methods are equations for calculating concentrations in animal
tissue, including lamb. Mean food consumption rates for lamb and offal are
also provided.

 

Including the consumption of lamb and offal leads to a minor increase in
PCDD/Fs ingestion using the HMIP 1996 calculation methods, approximately
20% and 15% increase for adult and child respectively. However, this is
assuming that all food is locally grown. Assuming all produce, beef, milk,
pork, poultry, eggs, fish and water are locally sourced, often from a
single worst-case ground level concentrations and deposition point. The
overestimation from assuming that all these foods are locally sourced will
far outweigh the exclusion of the sheep meat and milk/cheese pathways from
the calculations.

 

The dioxins, furans and dioxin-like PCBs intake estimates submitted,
reviewed and checked for energy from waste EPR applications are for a
hypothetical maximally exposed individuals and should not be
misinterpreted as representing actual human intake of dioxins, furans and
dioxin-like PCBs. Any questions on actual intakes of these substances
should be directed to the Food Standards Agency.

 

Please refer to [1]Open Government Licence which explains the permitted
use of this information.

 

Please get in touch if you have any further queries or contact us within
two months if you’d like us to review the information we have sent.

 

Kind regards

 

National Requests Team   

National Customer Contact Centre   

Contact Centre Services - Part of Operations, Regulation, Monitoring &
Customer   

Environment Agency    

   

( External:  03708 506 506  )

 

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References

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Nid ydym yn gwybod a yw'r ymateb mwyaf diweddar i'r cais hwn yn cynnwys gwybodaeth neuai peidio - os chi ywKenneth Lowe mewngofnodwch a gadael i bawb wybod.