Corrosive substances (acid attacks) in the county of Essex

Dr T Young made this Rhyddid Gwybodaeth request to Essex Police

Automatic anti-spam measures are in place for this older request. Please let us know if a further response is expected or if you are having trouble responding.

Mae'r ymateb i'r cais hwn yn hwyr iawn. Yn ôl y gyfraith, ym mhob amgylchiad, dylai Essex Police fod wedi ymateb erbyn hyn. (manylion). Gallwch gwyno drwy yn gofyn am adolygiad mewnol.

Dear Essex Police,

I would like to know how many 'corrosive attacks against the person' (also known as 'acid attacks' or 'corrosive fluid offences') were reported to Essex Police Service during the period 2010-2020?

In each instance, what was the sex, age and ethnicity of the suspects and the victims and how many were determined to be gang-related?

Thanking you in advance,
Dr Tara Young

Info Rights Freedom Essex, Essex Police

1 Atodiad

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above reference
14872.

Under the Freedom of Information Act we are required to reply within 20
working days. The Act does not specify a limit to the number of
information requests a public authority may receive or the number of
requests or questions an applicant may submit.  However, there are
exemptions in the Act that can apply and these include where the cost of
complying with the request would extend beyond the reasonable cost limit,
(currently 18 hours or £450), or if the request is otherwise manifestly
unreasonable in its scope or nature. 

 

Requests that ask a great many questions, or a number of detailed requests
submitted at the same time, may make it necessary for Essex Police to
refuse the requests wholly or in part. The exemption at section 14, may be
engaged if the burden on the authority is increased through multiple
requests on differing subjects.

 

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has responsibility for
providing oversight and guidance for the legislation and they have
produced advice for applicants on submitting effective requests. Further
information can be found on the Commissioner’s website at
[1]www.ico.gov.uk specific information relating to submitting a request
can be found at:
[2]https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/offici...

                                                      

While we process your request, please take the time to consider the ICO’s
advice and whether you feel it may be beneficial to amend or refine your
request. Our team is happy to discuss your request with you and will be
able to provide advice as to what kind of information will be available
from Essex Police.

 

Although every effort will be made to ensure a response is provided within
statutory deadlines, due to current circumstances, delays may be
unavoidable. We apologise for any inconvenience and will endeavour to
process your request as quickly as is practicable.

 

Kind regards,

 

FOI Team | Information Management Department | Information Rights Section
| Essex Police

Email: [3][Essex Police request email]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA  (for Sat Nav directions,
use CM2 6DN for HQ)

Information Management aspires to be: Helpful, Inclusive & Professional

Essex Police have developed a publication strategy, our aim is to reduce
the demand within the FOI department and to provide knowledge to the
public to include previous and combined FOI requests together with
relevant links and information.

Please visit this area of our website before submitting FOI requests as
information may already be available.

[4]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/af/ac...

 

 

 

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests: 
[5]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to:  [6][Essex Police request email]

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.      

 

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner.  Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at:  Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [7]https://ico.org.uk/.

 

 

 

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir

Info Rights Freedom Essex, Essex Police

2 Atodiad

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above
reference.

 

Section 1 of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOIA) places two duties
on public authorities. Unless exemptions apply, the first duty at Section
1(1)(a) is to confirm or deny whether the information specified in a
request is held. The second duty at Section 1(1)(b) is to disclose
information that has been confirmed as being held. Where exemptions are
relied upon Section 17 of FOIA requires that we provide the applicant with
a notice which: a) states that fact b) specifies the exemption(s) in
question and c) states (if that would not otherwise be apparent) why the
exemption applies.

 

In respect of your enquiry:

 

I would like to know how many 'corrosive attacks against the person' (also
known as 'acid attacks' or 'corrosive fluid offences') were reported to
Essex Police Service during the period 2010-2020?

 

In each instance, what was the sex, age and ethnicity of the suspects and
the victims and how many were determined to be gang-related?

 

Having completed enquiries within Essex Police and in respect of Section
1(1)(a), Essex Police does hold information relating to your request.
Under Section 1(1)(b) the below has been provided in relation to your FOI.

 

Please note:

 

- Dates: 1st April 2019 to 30th September 2020.

- The home office requirement to record acid attack crimes has only been
present in the last 2 years and not before. So, data on corrosive attack
crimes has only been found for the period from 1st April 2019 to 30th
September 2020.

- Information on the specific ethnicities of victims is not available.

- Details are not recorded about whether any of the acid attack crimes are
gang related.

- The total number of acid attacks / corrosive attack crimes is different
from the total number of suspects involved or victims involved in these
crimes. This is simply because more than one victim or suspect may be
involved in a single corrosive attack crime.

 

A total of 61 corrosive attacks against people took place between 1st
April 2019 to 30th September 2020.

 

The number of male and female victims involved in these attacks are as
follows:

Genders of Victims involved in Corrosive Attacks
Gender Number of victims
Female 45
Male 72
Total 117

 

The age groups of victims of corrosive attacks from 1^st April 2019 to
30^th September 2020:

Age Groups of Victims involved in Corrosive Attacks
Age Group Number of victims
0-18 30
19-30 36
31-44 33
45-58 15
59-74 6
75 or over 6
Total 126

 

The below shows the ethnicities of suspects involved in acid attacks
during the same period. Please note that some suspects do not have their
ethnicity recorded and so these are placed under the category of ‘Not
Specified’:

Ethnicities of Suspects involved in Corrosive Attacks
Ethnicity Number of suspects
Arabic Or North African 2
Asian 1
Black 13
Unknown 1
White - North European 88
White - South European 1
Not Specified 20
Total 126

 

The number of male and female suspects involved in corrosive attacks from
1^st April 2019 to 30^th September 2020 are as below:

Genders of Suspects involved in Corrosive attacks
Gender Number of suspects
Female 42
Male 84
Total 126

 

The below shows the age groups of victims of corrosive attacks during the
same period:

Age Groups of Suspects involved in Corrosive Attacks
Age Group Number of suspects
0-18 27
19-30 32
31-44 34
45-58 21
59-74 7
75 or over 5
Total 126

 

Every effort is made to ensure that the data provided by Essex Police is
accurate and complete. However, Essex Police systems are designed
primarily for the management of individual cases and not for the purposes
of providing data to answer specific FOI enquiries. Please note although
data can be extracted from a number of sources via database queries the
results may be subject to inaccuracies. Care should be taken to understand
our return when considering the interpretation or further use of the data.

 

Essex Police trusts that the information provided is of assistance. Thank
you for your interest in Essex Police.

 

Kind regards,

 

FOI Team | Information Management Department | Information Rights Section
| Essex Police

Telephone: 101 | Email: [1][Essex Police request email]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA  (for Sat Nav directions,
use CM2 6DN for HQ)

 

Information Management aspires to be: Helpful, Inclusive & Professional

 

Essex Police have developed a publication strategy, our aim is to reduce
the demand within the FOI Department and to provide knowledge to the
public to include previous and combined FOI requests together with
relevant links and information.

 

Please visit this area of our website before submitting FOI requests as
information may already be available.
[2]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/af/ac...

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests:
[3]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

 

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to: [4]info.rights.freedom@essex. police.uk

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.

 

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner. Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at: Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [5]https://ico.org.uk/

 

From: Info Rights Freedom Essex
Sent: 05 October 2020 13:52
To: 'Dr T Young' <[6][FOI #696298 email]>
Subject: FOI 14872 - Acid Attacks 2010-20

 

Thank you for your enquiry which has been logged under the above reference
14872.

Under the Freedom of Information Act we are required to reply within 20
working days. The Act does not specify a limit to the number of
information requests a public authority may receive or the number of
requests or questions an applicant may submit.  However, there are
exemptions in the Act that can apply and these include where the cost of
complying with the request would extend beyond the reasonable cost limit,
(currently 18 hours or £450), or if the request is otherwise manifestly
unreasonable in its scope or nature. 

 

Requests that ask a great many questions, or a number of detailed requests
submitted at the same time, may make it necessary for Essex Police to
refuse the requests wholly or in part. The exemption at section 14, may be
engaged if the burden on the authority is increased through multiple
requests on differing subjects.

 

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has responsibility for
providing oversight and guidance for the legislation and they have
produced advice for applicants on submitting effective requests. Further
information can be found on the Commissioner’s website at
[7]www.ico.gov.uk specific information relating to submitting a request
can be found at:
[8]https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/offici...

                                                      

While we process your request, please take the time to consider the ICO’s
advice and whether you feel it may be beneficial to amend or refine your
request. Our team is happy to discuss your request with you and will be
able to provide advice as to what kind of information will be available
from Essex Police.

 

Although every effort will be made to ensure a response is provided within
statutory deadlines, due to current circumstances, delays may be
unavoidable. We apologise for any inconvenience and will endeavour to
process your request as quickly as is practicable.

 

Kind regards,

 

FOI Team | Information Management Department | Information Rights Section
| Essex Police

Email: [9][Essex Police request email]

Address: Information Management Department, Information Rights Section,
Essex Police HQ, PO Box 2, Chelmsford CM2 6DA  (for Sat Nav directions,
use CM2 6DN for HQ)

Information Management aspires to be: Helpful, Inclusive & Professional

Essex Police have developed a publication strategy, our aim is to reduce
the demand within the FOI department and to provide knowledge to the
public to include previous and combined FOI requests together with
relevant links and information.

Please visit this area of our website before submitting FOI requests as
information may already be available.

[10]https://www.essex.police.uk/foi-ai/af/ac...

 

 

 

Please note, if you require further information or wish to resubmit a
request please refer to the information found on the Commissioner’s
website regarding submission of effective requests: 
[11]https://www.ico.org.uk/for_the_public/of...

 

Your right to complain

If you feel your request has not been properly handled, or you are
otherwise dissatisfied with the outcome of your request you have the right
to complain.

 

Complaints should be submitted within 20 working days from the date of
this response and should be addressed to the Senior Information Officer at
the above address or by email to:  [12][Essex Police request email]

 

We will conduct a review to investigate your complaint and endeavour to
reply within 20 working days.

 

Please explain which aspect of the reply you are not satisfied with, and
if your complaint concerns the decision to apply an exemption it would
assist the review if you would outline why you believe the exemption does
not apply.      

 

If you are still dissatisfied following our review, you have the right
under Section 50 of the Act to complain directly to the Information
Commissioner.  Before considering your complaint, the Information
Commissioner would normally expect you to have exhausted the complaints
procedures provided by Essex Police.

 

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at:  Information
Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9
5AF or via [13]https://ico.org.uk/.

 

 

 

dangos adrannau a ddyfynnir